GWR 2884 Class
|GWR 2884 Class|
3822 at Didcot
|Type and origin|
|Builder||GWR Swindon Works|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|3 ft 2 in (0.965 m)|
|Driver diameter||4 ft 7 1⁄2 in (1.410 m)|
|Minimum curve||7 chains (460 ft; 140 m) normal,
6 chains (400 ft; 120 m) slow
|Length||63 ft 2 1⁄4 in (19.26 m)|
|Width||8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)|
|Height||13 ft 0 in (3.96 m)|
|Axle load||17 long tons 0 cwt (38,100 lb or 17.3 t) full|
|Weight on drivers||67 long tons 0 cwt (150,100 lb or 68.1 t) full|
|Locomotive weight||76 long tons 5 cwt (170,800 lb or 77.5 t) full|
|Tender weight||40 long tons 0 cwt (89,600 lb or 40.6 t) full|
|Water capacity||3,500 imperial gallons (16,000 l; 4,200 US gal)|
|Boiler pressure||225 psi (1.55 MPa)|
|Firegrate area||27.07 sq ft (2.515 m2)|
|1,686.60 sq ft (156.690 m2)|
|– Firebox||154.78 sq ft (14.380 m2)|
|Superheater type||4 or 6 element|
|Superheater area||4-element: 191.8 sq ft (17.82 m2),
6-element: 253.38 sq ft (23.540 m2)
|Cylinder size||18.5 in × 30 in (470 mm × 762 mm)|
|Valve type||Piston valves|
|Tractive effort||35,380 lbf (157.4 kN)|
|Operator(s)||GWR » BR|
|Power class||GWR: E
|Axle load class||GWR: Blue|
|Disposition||Nine preserved, remainder scrapped|
They were designed for heavy freight work and were a development of the earlier 2800 Class. The 2884s differed from the original engines in a number of respects, the most obvious being that a more modern Collett side window cab was provided and that they were built with outside steam pipes.
83 2884 class were built between 1938 and 1941. Those built during the war did not have the side window to the cab, and the side window on the others was plated over. This was to reduce glare as a precaution against air attack.  The windows were reinstated after the war.
They were so popular with the ex-Great Western crews that the British Railways Western Region operating authorities wanted more of the class built after nationalisation in 1948; however, this request was turned down in favour of BR Standard Class 9Fs.
Between 1945 and 1947, coal shortages caused GWR to experiment with oil fired 2800 locomotives. Eight of the 2884 class were converted and renumbered from 4850. The experiment, encouraged by the government was abandoned in 1948 once the extra maintenance costs were calculated and the bill had arrived for the imported oil.
1948 Locomotive Exchange Trials
The year 1948 also saw one of the 2884 class, No.3803 (now preserved), emerge remarkably successfully from the 1948 Locomotive Exchange Trials against more modern engines including the LMS 8F and the WD Austerity 2-8-0 and WD Austerity 2-10-0. It took the appearance in 1954 of the British Railways BR standard class 9F 2-10-0 to displace the 2800s from their main role of mineral haulage. Nevertheless there was still work for them right up to the end of steam on the Western region in 1965. Six decades of service testify to the fundamental excellence of Churchward's original conception.
Built in 1938 and currently owned by the GWR Preservation Group based at Southall Railway Centre. The locomotive has been cosmetically restored and after being on static display at Birmingham Moor Street railway station for about eight years, it was offered for sale in August 2011. It was lifted out of the station on 2 June 2013.
Also built in 1940 3822 has been restored and has run in preservation. It is currently on static display at the Didcot Railway Centre. In 1989, it was used in the Music video of song Breakthru by the band Queen.
- Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. pp. 28, 35, 98, 103, 140. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661.
- "3822 - 2-8-0". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Locomotive winched out of Birmingham Moor Street Station". BBC News Online. 4 June 2013.
- "Llangollen Railway - Steam". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Great Western Railway 2-8-0 2884 class locomotive no 3803". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Ex GWR Locos on the NYMR". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Our Locomotives". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "East Lancashire Railway Rolling stock Database". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "GWR 2884 Class 2-8-0 № 3862". Retrieved 22 April 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GWR 2884 Class.|
- GWR 3862 under restoration at Northampton & Lamport Railway