GWR 3300 Class

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GWR Bulldog class
Type and origin
Figures given are for 3341 class version
Power type Steam
Designer William Dean
Builder GWR Swindon Works
Order number Lots 124, 137, 142, 148, 162, 163, 177
Build date 1899–1910
Specifications
Configuration 4-4-0
UIC classification 2'B ht
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel
diameter
3 ft 8 in (1.118 m)
Driver diameter 5 ft 8 in (1.727 m)
Length 56 ft 2 14 in (17.126 m) over buffers
Width 8 ft 9 12 in (2.680 m)
Height 12 ft 4 12 in (3.772 m)
Axle load 17 long tons 12 cwt (39,400 lb or 17.9 t) full
Weight on drivers 34 long tons 8 cwt (77,100 lb or 35 t) full
Locomotive weight 51 long tons 16 cwt (116,000 lb or 52.6 t) full
Tender weight 36 long tons 15 cwt (82,300 lb or 37.3 t) full
Locomotive and tender
combined weight
88 long tons 11 cwt (198,400 lb or 90 t) full
Fuel type Coal
Water capacity 3,000 imp gal (14,000 l; 3,600 US gal)
Boiler pressure 200 lbf/in2 (1.4 MPa)
Firegrate area 20.35 sq ft (1.891 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
1,144.95 sq ft (106.369 m2)
– Firebox 121.80 sq ft (11.316 m2)
Superheater area 82.20 sq ft (7.637 m2)
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 18 in × 26 in (457 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Performance figures
Tractive effort 21,060 lbf (93.7 kN)
Train brakes Vacuum
Career
Operator(s) GWR » BR
Power class GWR: B
Number(s) 3353–3372, 3413–3432, 3443–3472, 3701–3745 renumbered 3341–3455 in 1912
Axle load class GWR: Blue
Withdrawn 1929-1951

The Bulldog and Bird classes were double-framed inside cylinder 4-4-0 steam locomotives used for passenger services on the Great Western Railway.[1] The Bird Class were a development of the Bulldogs with strengthened outside frames, of which a total of fifteen were built. A total of 121 Bulldogs were built new, with a further twenty rebuilt from Duke Class locomotives. Thirty Bulldogs were later rebuilt as Earl Class locomotives and renumbered 3265 (prototype conversion), 3200-3228.

History[edit]

Original pre-1912 nameplate of 3338 Laira

No. 3312 Bulldog was built in October 1898, with curved outside frames, a domed parallel boiler with a raised Belpaire firebox and a wrapper-type smokebox.[2] The boiler was a prototype for the parallel version of Churchward's Standard No. 2 boilers.[2] Bulldog was originally classed as a variant of the Duke Class.[3]

In October 1899 no. 3352 Camel appeared with the final form of the parallel No. 2 boiler, domeless, with a raised Belpaire firebox and a circular drumhead smokebox supported on a curved saddle.[4] A further twenty locomotives, nos. 3332 to 3351, were built between November 1899 and March 1900.[5] Between May and December 1900 a second batch of twenty Camels (as the class were initially known) were built with straight-topped outside frames.[5] These were numbered 3353 to 3372. A third batch, 3413 to 3432 were built between December 1902 and May 1903; these were the last to be built with parallel boilers.[6]

In September 1903 no. 3443 Birkenhead was built with a tapered Standard No. 2 boiler.[7] The boiler was tapered only over the rear half of the barrel, and this type became known as the "half-cone"; a later version of the No. 2 boiler was tapered over three-quarters of the barrel.[8] A further twenty-nine locomotives were built with the half-cone boiler between September 1903 and April 1904, bringing the class total to ninety-one.[8]

Between April and September 1906 thirty locomotives were built with the three-quarter coned No. 2 boiler.[8] In March 1906, Bulldog was rebuilt with the same type of boiler, and the class now became known as the Bulldog Class. From October 1906 to January 1909 eighteen of the Duke Class were converted to Bulldogs by the fitting of No. 2 boilers. A further member of the Duke Class, no. 3273 Armorel, had been fitted with a parallel domeless boiler in February 1902, thus becoming a Camel Class locomotive. It ran with tapered boilers of various types from April 1906.[3]

The Bird Class were a development of the Bulldog Class with deeper outside frames and a new type of bogie.[1] Previously all outside framed bogies on GWR locomotives had been of the Dean centreless type. Churchward adapted a French design of bogie, as used on the de Glehn Atlantics, to produce a bar-framed bogie for his standard locomotives. This inside-framed bogie design was adapted to produce an outside-framed replacement for the Dean bogie.[9] The Birds were built in two batches; nos. 3731 to 3735 in May 1909 and nos. 3736 to 3745 from November 1909 to January 1910.[1]

This class were subject to the 1912 renumbering of GWR 4-4-0 locomotives, which saw the Bulldog Class gathered together in the series 3300-3455, and other types renumbered out of that series. The 3300-3455 series had previously contained locomotives of Duke, Badminton, Atbara, City and a number of Bulldog class locomotives.

No. 3320 Avalon was the first of the Bulldog Class to be withdrawn, in August 1929, followed by no. 3365 Charles Grey Mott, withdrawn in January 1930.[10] The frames of 3365 were used to construct the first of the Earl Class, no. 3265 Tre Pol and Pen.[11] The last to be withdrawn was no. 3377 Penzance in January 1951.

All of the Bird Class survived into British Railways ownership, being withdrawn between April 1948 and November 1951.[12]

No Bulldogs were preserved; however the frames of no. 3425 survive under Earl no. 9017 'Earl of Berkeley' at the Bluebell Railway.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • In 1904, locomotive No. 3460 Montreal was one of two locomotives hauling a passenger train that was drailed at Loughor, Glamorgan due to excessive speed. Five people were killed and eighteen were injured.[13]

Bulldog Class[edit]

First
No.
1912
No.
Name Built Withdrawn Notes
3253 3300 Pendennis Castle Name removed in May 1923
3262 3301 Powderham Name removed in May 1923
3263 3302 Sir Lancelot
3264 3303 St. Anthony Name removed in August 1930
3268 3304 River Tamar
3269 3305 Tintagel Name removed in August 1930
3273 3306 Armorel
3279 3307 Exmoor
3280 3308 Falmouth Name removed in August 1930
3282 3309 Maristow
3286 3310 St. Just Name removed in July 1930
3312 3311 Bulldog
3316 3312 Isle of Guernsey
3318 3313 Jupiter
3322 3314 Mersey
3324 3315 Quantock
3325 3316 St. Columb Name removed in August 1930
3327 3317 Somerset
3330 3318 Vulcan 1946
3331 3319 Weymouth Name removed in May 1930
3332 3320 Avalon November 1899 August 1929
3333 3321 Brasenose November 1899 April 1935
3334 3322 Eclipse November 1899 March 1935
3335 3323 Etona November 1899 August 1935
3336 3324 Glastonbury December 1899 June 1935 Name removed in October 1930
3337 3325 Kenilworth December 1899 September 1935 Name removed in July 1930
3338 3326 Laira January 1900 November 1933 Name removed in July 1930
3339 3327 Marco Polo January 1900 March 1936
3340 3328 Marazion January 1900 April 1934 Name removed in January 1931
3341 3329 Mars January 1908 May 1932
3342 3330 Orion February 1900 August 1938
3343 3331 Pegasus February 1900 February 1934
3344 3332 Pluto February 1900 October 1931
3345 3333 Perseus February 1900 October 1932
3346 3334 Tavy February 1900 April 1930
3347 3335 Tregothnan February 1900 October 1948 Name removed in December 1930
3348 3336 Titan March 1900 January 1936
3349 3337 The Wolf March 1900 May 1934
3350 3338 Swift March 1900 November 1933
3351 3339 Sedgemoor March 1900 April 1936
3352 3340 Camel October 1899 June 1934
3353 3341 Blasius May 1900 November 1949
3354 3342 Bonaventura June 1900 October 1938
3355 3343 Camelot June 1900 March 1934
3356 3344 Dartmouth June 1900 January 1934 Name removed in November 1930
3357 3345 Smeaton June 1900 January 1936
3358 3346 Godolphin October 1900 January 1934
3359 3347 Kingsbridge October 1900 August 1936 Name removed in September 1930
3360 3348 Launceston October 1900 November 1934 Name removed in November 1930
3361 3349 Lyonesse October 1900 November 1934
3362 3350 Newlyn November 1900 July 1935 Name removed in July 1930
3363 3351 One and All November 1900 March 1931
3364 3352 Pendragon November 1900 November 1933
3365 3353 Plymouth November 1900 December 1946 renamed Pershore Plum in May 1927
3366 3354 Restormel November 1900 November 1934 Name removed in September 1930
3367 3355 St. Aubyn November 1900 January 1934 Name removed in September 1930
3368 3356 Sir Stafford November 1900 January 1936
3369 3357 Trelawny November 1900 November 1934
3370 3358 Tremayne December 1900 November 1945 Name refers to the Cornish family[14] whose members also included Arthur Tremayne (1827 - 1905) and John Claude Lewis Tremayne (1869 - 1949)
3371 3359 Tregeagle December 1900 September 1936
3372 3360 Torquay December 1900 November 1934 Name removed in September 1930
3413 3361 Edward VII December 1902 September 1947 Name removed in May 1927
3414 3362 Albert Brassey December 1902 April 1937
3415 3363 Baldwin January 1903 October 1949 Renamed Alfred Baldwin in April 1903
3416 3364 Bibby February 1903 June 1949 Renamed Frank Bibby in April 1903
3417 3365 C. G. Mott February 1903 January 1930 Renamed Charles Grey Mott in January 1904. Rebuilt to Earl 3265
3418 3366 Earl of Cork February 1903 April 1948 Name removed in May 1936
3419 3367 Evan Llewllyn February 1903 September 1935
3420 3368 Ernest Palmer February 1903 March 1935 Renamed Sir Ernest Palmer in February 1916; name removed in January 1924
3421 3369 Mac Iver February 1903 July 1936 Renamed David Mac Iver in June 1903
3422 3370 Sir John Llewelyn March 1903 February 1939
3423 3371 Sir Massey March 1903 November 1944 Renamed Sir Massey Lopes in October 1903
3424 3372 Sir Nigel March 1903 October 1936 Renamed Sir N. Kingscote in December 1903
3425 3373 Sir W. H. Wills May 1903 February 1939 Renamed Sir William Henry in January 1906
3426 3374 Walter Long May 1903 June 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3213
3427 3375 Sir Watkin Wynn May 1903 September 1947
3428 3376 River Plym May 1903 September 1948
3429 3377 Penzance May 1903 March 1951 Name removed in August 1930
3430 3378 River Tawe May 1903 November 1945 Name removed in 1939
3431 3379 River Fal May 1903 June 1948
3432 3380 River Yealm May 1903 March 1938 Rebuilt as Earl 3218
3443 3381 Birkenhead September 1903 November 1935 Name removed in August 1930
3444 3382 Cardiff September 1903 November 1949 Name removed in May 1927
3445 3383 Ilfracombe September 1903 December 1949 Name removed in August 1930
3446 3384 Liverpool September 1903 May 1936 Renamed Swindon in October 1903; name removed in May 1927
3447 3385 Newport September 1903 November 1934 Name removed in May 1927
3448 3386 Paddington September 1903 November 1949 Name removed in May 1927
3449 3387 Reading October 1903 December 1934 Name removed in May 1927
3450 3388 Swansea October 1903 October 1935 Name removed in May 1927
3451 3389 Taunton October 1903 November 1945 Name removed in May 1927
3452 3390 Wolverhampton October 1903 March 1939 Name removed in May 1927; rebuilt as Earl 3226
3453 3391 Dominion of Canada January 1904 May 1948
3454 3392 New Zealand January 1904 March 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3209
3455 3393 Australia January 1904 November 1949
3456 3394 Albany January 1904 November 1934
3457 3395 Tasmania January 1904 August 1948
3458 3396 Natal Colony January 1904 March 1948
3459 3397 Toronto February 1904 November 1934
3460 3398 Montreal February 1904 September 1935
3461 3399 Ottawa February 1904 October 1947
3462 3400 Winnipeg February 1904 May 1949
3463 3401 Vancouver March 1904 November 1949
3464 3402 Jamaica March 1904 March 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3210
3465 3403 Trinidad March 1904 January 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3208
3466 3404 Barbados March 1904 September 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3216
3467 3405 Empire of India March 1904 April 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3212
3468 3406 Calcutta March 1904 January 1951
3469 3407 Madras April 1904 December 1949
3470 3408 Bombay April 1904 April 1948
3471 3409 Queensland April 1904 January 1939 Rebuilt as Earl 3224
3472 3410 Columbia April 1904 November 1936 Rebuilt as Earl 3207
3701 3411 Stanley Baldwin April 1906 October 1938 Named in January 1909; name removed in July 1937. Rebuilt as Earl 3221
3702 3412 John G. Griffiths April 1906 March 1936 Named in July 1914. Rebuilt as Earl 3201
3703 3413 James Mason April 1906 August 1936 Rebuilt as Earl 3205
3704 3414 A. H. Mills May 1906 October 1938 Named in July 1914; renamed Sir Edward Elgar in 1932; rebuilt as Earl 3220
3705 3415 George A. Wills May 1906 February 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3211
3706 3416 John W. Wilson June 1906 May 1936 Rebuilt as Earl 3202
3707 3417 Francis Mildmay June 1906 April 1948 Renamed Lord Mildmay of Fleet; renamed Lord Mildmay of Flete in 1923
3708 3418 Sir Arthur Yorke June 1906 August 1949
3709 3419 June 1906 August 1949
3710 3420 June 1906 September 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3215
3711 3421 June 1906 November 1948
3712 3422 Aberystwyth June 1906 March 1936 Named in June 1913; name removed in August 1930. Rebuilt as Earl 3200
3713 3423 June 1906 January 1939 Rebuilt as Earl 3223
3714 3424 July 1906 May 1936 Rebuilt as Earl 3203
3715 3425 June 1906 February 1938 Rebuilt as Earl 3217
3716 3426 July 1906 December 1949
3717 3427 July 1906 April 1938 Rebuilt as Earl 3219
3718 3428 July 1906 October 1936 Rebuilt as Earl 3206
3719 3429 July 1906 September 1939 Rebuilt as Earl 3228
3720 3430 Inchcape August 1906 December 1948 Named in February 1923
3721 3431 August 1906 December 1948
3722 3432 August 1906 December 1949
3723 3433 August 1906 April 1939 Rebuilt as Earl 3227
3724 3434 Joseph Shaw[disambiguation needed] August 1906 July 1937 Rebuilt as Earl 3214
3725 3435 August 1906 November 1945
3726 3436 August 1906 December 1938 Rebuilt as Earl 3222
3727 3437 September 1906 March 1939 Rebuilt as Earl 3225
3728 3438 September 1906 October 1949
3729 3439 Weston-super-Mare September 1906 July 1936 Name removed in August 1930. Rebuilt as Earl 3204
3730 3440 September 1906 June 1948

Bird Class[edit]

First
No.
1912
No.
Name Built Withdrawn Notes
3731 3441 Blackbird 1909 1949
3732 3442 Bullfinch 1909 1948
3733 3443 Chaffinch 1909 1949
3734 3444 Cormorant 1909 1951
3735 3445 Flamingo 1909 1948
3736 3446 Goldfinch 1909 1948
3737 3447 Jackdaw 1909 1951
3738 3448 Kingfisher 1909 1949
3739 3449 Nightingale 1909 1951
3740 3450 Peacock 1909 1949
3741 3451 Pelican 1910 1951
3742 3452 Penguin 1910 1948
3743 3453 Seagull 1910 1951
3744 3454 Skylark 1910 1951
3745 3455 Starling 1910 1950

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nock 1977, p. 82
  2. ^ a b Nock 1977, p. 33
  3. ^ a b Nock 1977, p. 77
  4. ^ Nock 1977, p. 42
  5. ^ a b Nock 1977, p. 43
  6. ^ Nock 1977, p. 54
  7. ^ Nock 1977, p. 75
  8. ^ a b c Nock 1977, p. 76
  9. ^ Nock 1977, p. 81
  10. ^ Nock 1978, p. 90
  11. ^ Nock 1978, p. 74
  12. ^ Nock 1978, p. 92
  13. ^ Trevena 1981, p. 23
  14. ^ Davies 1993, p. 152
  • Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1966). Locomotives at the Grouping 4: Great Western Railway. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Limited. pp. 45–48. 
  • Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. pp. 31–32, 102–103, 139. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Davies, Ken (April 1993). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part fourteen: Names and their Origins - Railmotor Services - War Service - The Complete Preservation Story. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-75-4. 
  • Nock, O.S. (1977). Standard Gauge Great Western 4-4-0s Part 1 Inside Cylinder Classes 1894-1910. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7411-7. 
  • Nock, O.S. (1978). Standard Gauge Great Western 4-4-0s Part 2 Counties to the Close 1904-1961. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7684-5. 
  • Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-03-6. 

External links[edit]