GWR 5205 Class

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GWR 5205 Class
Swindon 03 Works geograph-2578126-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
5205 Class locomotive at Swindon Works fresh from repair
Power type Steam
Designer Collet
Builder GWR
Build date 1923
Total produced 60
Configuration 2-8-0T
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4' 7½"
Locomotive weight 82 tons 2 cwt
Fuel type coal
Fuel capacity 4 tons 0 cwt (9,000 lb or 4.1 t)
Water capacity 1,800 imp gal (8,200 l; 2,200 US gal)
Boiler pressure 200 psi
Cylinders two outside
Cylinder size 19" x 30"
Tractive effort 33,170 lbf
Power class GWR: E
BR: 8F
Axle load class GWR: Red

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 5205 Class is a class of 2-8-0T steam locomotives.


5205 Class[edit]

They were designed for short-haul coal trips[1] from coal mines to ports in South Wales. They were based on the 4200 Class which had been introduced by the Great Western Railway in 1910. The 5205 series were of the same general design and 70 of the 5205 class were built, 5205-5274. They retained the straight frames of the 4200s, but had outside steam pipes and 19" diameter cylinders so were slightly more powerful than their predecessors.[1]

Twenty 5205s, 5255-5274 were converted to the 7200 Class in 1934/6.[1]

5275 Class[edit]

Twenty more locomotives to the same general design were built from 1930. This series had curved frames at the front with a raised section of frame over cylinders which were of the same size as the 5205 series. These were 5275 to 5294. These were all rebuilt as 7200 Class in 1934 without seeing significant use. Ten more, 5255-5264 were built in 1940, reusing numbers from 5205 class members which had also been rebuilt as 7200 Class.[1]


Three examples of the 5205 class have been preserved. No members of the 5275 class have been preserved in their original form, but two survive in rebuilt form in the 7200 class.


5224 has been restored and has run in preservation. It left Barry yard in October 1978. The locomotive is owned by Pete Waterman and is currently under overhaul at the Crewe Heritage Centre. The locomotive has a 5275 style front end with a curved foot plate and a raised section over the cylinders.


This loco was one of the "Barry Ten" and is essentially in scrapyard condition at the Didcot Railway Centre.[2] The locomotive's axleboxes are being used as part of the 4709 project at Llangollen, while the rest of the locomotive has been reassembled and is now at Didcot in ex-Barry condition. It is currently on display in its current condition as a lasting reminder of the Woodham Brothers scrapyard. It retains straight frames.


5239 is in service[3] on the Dartmouth Steam Railway. It left the Barry scrapyard in June 1973.[4] The locomotive has a 5275 style front end with a curved foot plate and a raised section over the cylinders.


In 2012, Hornby released models of the 5205 class in both BR black and GWR green.


  1. ^ a b c d le Fleming, H.M. (February 1962). White, D.E., ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part nine: Standard Two-Cylinder Classes. RCTS. p. J38-J42. 
  2. ^ "Didcot Railway Centre : Centre Guide: Locomotives : 5227". Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Dartmouth Steam Railway & River Boat Company : Our Locomotives". Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Story of Barry Scrapyard - Saved GWR Locomotives". Retrieved 23 November 2013.