Gza

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GZA
GZA at Paid Dues 3.jpg
GZA performing at the Paid Dues hip hop festival
Background information
Birth name Gary Grice
Also known as The Genius
Born (1966-08-22) August 22, 1966 (age 48)
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Genres Hip hop
Occupations Rapper, songwriter
Years active 1989–present
Labels Cold Chillin', Loud, Geffen, MCA, Angeles Records, Babygrande
Associated acts Wu-Tang Clan, DJ Muggs, Soul Assassins, Easy Mo Bee

Gary Grice (born August 22, 1966), better known by his stage names GZA (/ˈɪzə/ JIZ) and The Genius,[1] is an American hip hop artist and founding member of the hip hop group the Wu-Tang Clan. Within the clan, he is known as the "spiritual head," being both the oldest and the first within the group to receive a record deal.

GZA has appeared on his fellow clan members' solo projects and since the release of his critically acclaimed solo album, Liquid Swords (1995), he has maintained a successful solo career. Steve Huey of Allmusic has called him "one of the best lyricists of the 1990s,"[2] while the editors of About.com ranked him #17 on their list of the Top 50 MCs of Our Time (1987–2007), making him the highest-ranking Wu-Tang Clan member on the list (ahead of Method Man, Ghostface Killah and Raekwon).[3] In 2012, The Source placed him on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time.[4]

An analysis of GZA lyrics found that he has the second largest vocabulary in hip hop music, just behind AESOP Rock.[5]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Gary Grice developed an interest in hip-hop by attending block parties as a child in the early 1970s. He formed a three-man group with his cousins, who would later be known as RZA and Ol' Dirty Bastard. The group, All in Together Now, saw the three rapping and DJing, switching off names and performing local shows; since they lived in different boroughs, GZA and Ol' Dirty would travel from Brooklyn out to Staten Island to meet up with their cousin RZA, after which the three would travel across New York City and challenge other MCs to battles. After some years of this, GZA was signed to Cold Chillin' Records as a solo artist under the name The Genius. He put together an album called Words from the Genius, produced mostly by Easy Mo Bee, but after it failed to sell—and his rocky experience on tour—Grice became fed up and asked for release from the label.[6]

Wu-Tang Clan[edit]

After joining the Wu-Tang Clan, a group of nine which included himself, RZA and ODB, GZA boasted some high-profile appearances on the group's debut album, Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers), including a solo track, "Clan in da Front." This, combined with appearances on other Clan albums such as Return to the 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version and Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... brought him much recognition and respect (more than he achieved solo as "The Genius"). These guest appearances were followed up in 1995 with GZA's sophomore solo effort on Geffen Records, Liquid Swords, produced entirely by RZA; the album was met with critical and commercial acclaim, and is still considered one of the best albums to come out of the Wu-Tang camp;[7] in 1998, the album was selected as one of The Source Magazine's 100 Best Rap Albums of all time. At this time he also began his career as a Director of music videos, mentored by his then-personal manager Geoffrey L. Garfield who had a background in video production. With Garfield as writer and producer, GZA directed three music videos for his own CD for the songs "Liquid Swords", "Cold World" and "Shadow Boxin'/4th Chamber", the latter being chosen by The Source magazine as one of the Top 5 Videos of the Year. GZA and Garfield also produced videos for Shabazz the Disciple, Ghostface Killah and Case. The pair operated GZA Entertainment which had subsidiaries for music publishing, video production, merchandising, and album art. GZA's company commissioned renowned comic book artist from Milestone Media Denys Cowan to design the legendary Liquid Swords cover art of Wu-Tang members fighting their enemies on a chess board. suspended in outer space.

Solo career[edit]

After appearing on the Wu-Tang Clan's second album, Wu-Tang Forever, GZA released Beneath the Surface in 1999. Reviews were mostly positive and the album did well (going Gold), though it failed to live up to Liquid Swords' acclaim or commercial success[citation needed]. Like the post-debut projects of many Clan members, critics decried the album's lack of RZA production[citation needed], claiming the underground producers and Wu-Elements used did not live up to the producer's skill level. Grice put in appearances on The W, Iron Flag and some of his group members' solo projects, but did not release another of his own until 2002 with Legend of the Liquid Sword. The album was received well by critics, but did not achieve commercial success, failing to go Gold as his previous release had. GZA spent 2004 touring, both solo and with the Clan, and made an appearance with RZA in Jim Jarmusch's film Coffee and Cigarettes, opposite Bill Murray.

In 2005, GZA and DJ Muggs (the producer for hip-hop group Cypress Hill) released the LP Grandmasters. Muggs provided all the production for the album, which saw GZA using chess as a metaphor for the rap game.[8] The album received positive reviews[9] and modest commercial success. He then partook in the recording of groupmate Raekwon's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx..., originally stating that he was heavily featured along with Inspectah Deck, though he was later unsure about his status on the project.[10]

2007 saw GZA teaming up with his Wu-Tang Clan to record the group album 8 Diagrams, and in the ensuing controversy, defended both Raekwon and Ghostface Killah's rights to speak their mind, and RZA's production job on the album.[11] In the summer of 2008, he released the album Pro Tools which featured production from Black Milk and past collaborators Jay "Waxxx" Garfield, RZA, Mathematics and True Master. A very controversial song on the album was entitled "Paper Plates" a smooth flowing response aimed at rival rapper 50 Cent. After the release GZA toured various parts of Europe on a "Liquid Swords Tour" where he performed songs from Liquid Swords as well as Pro Tools. He later toured parts of the USA. GZA also stated his wish to record another full album with RZA.[12]

In 2009, GZA made appearances on two more Wu-Tang Clan albums. The first being on a song entitled "Stomp da Roach" on the album Dopium, by fellow clan member U-God, the other being appearances on the tracks "We Will Rob You", "Rockstars" and "House of Flying Daggers", on Raekwon's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... Pt. II. The Genius continued to tour during the year, appearing on the "Rock The Bells" lineup and also performing at the NXNE music festival in Canada. RZA confirmed that he will be producing Liquid Swords II: The Return Of The Shadowboxer. GZA also made an appearance in a video for Devendra Banhart's song titled "Baby". For Liquid Swords II, he has recently confirmed with Examiner.com that Killah Priest will hold a solo song ala 'B.I.B.L.E.' to act as the closer to the album just like the original. He has also begun work on an album, a concept album, called Dark Matter. The album is based on a journey through time and space. He will also be appearing on the upcoming collaboration album between producers Pete Rock & DJ Premier V.S. album appearing on Premier's track.[13] In a recent lecture, GZA also "hinted at the possibility of an album without a Parental Advisory sticker", after denouncing profanity in hip-hop as "filler which is not needed".[14] GZA is currently working to improve science education in New York City through a partnership with Teachers College, Columbia University Professor, Christopher Emdin and website, Rap Genius. This initiative motivates young people to learn science through creating raps and engaging in a rap competition .[15]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications
US
[16]
US
R&B

[17]
US
Rap

[18]
CAN
[19]
UK
[20]
1991 Words from the Genius *
1995 Liquid Swords 9 2 * 20 73
1999 Beneath the Surface
  • Released: June 29, 1999
  • Label: MCA Records
9 1 * 13 56
2002 Legend of the Liquid Sword
  • Released: December 10, 2002
  • Label: MCA/Universal Records
75 21 *
2005 GrandMasters (with DJ Muggs)
  • Released: October 25, 2005
  • Label: Angeles Records
180 69 *
2008 Pro Tools 52 13 9
2014 Dark Matter * * * * *

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions[23][24][25] Album
US US R&B US Rap
1991 "Come Do Me" 86 19 Words from the Genius
"Words From a Genius"
"Who's Your Rhymin' Hero"
"Pass the Bone"
1995 "I Gotcha Back" 29 Liquid Swords
"Liquid Swords" 48 33 3
"Cold World" (feat. Inspectah Deck) 97 57 8
1996 "Shadowboxin'" (feat. Method Man) 67 41 10
1999 "Crash Your Crew" (feat. Hell Razah) Beneath the Surface
"Breaker, Breaker" 80 16
2002 "Knock, Knock" Legend of the Liquid Sword
"Fame" 19
2005 "General Principles" (with DJ Muggs) GrandMasters
2008 "Paper Plate" Pro Tools

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rock The Bells Announce 2011 Lineup". Pollstar. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  2. ^ Huey, Steve. "Liquid Swords - The Genius". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  3. ^ "Top 50 MCs of Our Time: 1987 - 2007 - 50 Greatest Emcees of Our Time". Rap.about.com. 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  4. ^ The Source's Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time **Complete List Inside**. ThisIs50.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
  5. ^ http://rappers.mdaniels.com.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/
  6. ^ "OMFG! I found previously unpublished GZA interview from 2002 :) CRAZY! - Wu-Tang Corp. - Official Site of the Wu-Tang Clan". Wu-Tang Corp. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  7. ^ Liquid Swords, Allmusic.com
  8. ^ GZA of Wu-tang: Rap, Hip-Hop Interview, Riotsound.com
  9. ^ Grandmasters, Allmusic
  10. ^ GZA Legendary Style, XXLmag.com
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ Barshad, Amos. "GZA on His New Album, Revisiting ‘Liquid Swords,’ and the Problem With RZA - Vulture". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  13. ^ 11:11 AM. "GZA confirmed on DJ Premier/Pete Rock collabo album - Wu-Tang Corp. - Official Site of the Wu-Tang Clan". Wu-Tang Corp. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  14. ^ Cambre, Patrick. "GZA/GENIUS Talks Hip-Hop and Architecture at Sibley Hall". 
  15. ^ School House Rapping With Wu-Tang Clan's GZA | The Rundown | PBS NewsHour. Pbs.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
  16. ^ Billboard 200 chart history. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  17. ^ R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart history. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  18. ^ Rap Albums chart history. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  19. ^ RPM results. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
  20. ^ UK Charts Retrieved June 29, 2012
  21. ^ a b Searchable Database. RIAA. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
  22. ^ Cooper, Roman. (2013-03-04) GZA Discusses Upcoming "Dark Matter LP" & Love Of Chess | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHop DX. Retrieved on 2014-04-24.
  23. ^ "GZA > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  24. ^ Hot 100 Chart History
  25. ^ Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart History

External links[edit]