Gabbiano-class corvette

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Корвет Gabbiano.jpg
Class overview
Name: Gabbiano
Operators:  Regia Marina
 Kriegsmarine
 Marina Militare
Built: 1942–1943
In commission: 1942–1972
Planned: 60
Completed: 49
Retired: 14
General characteristics [1]
Type: Corvette
Displacement: 660 long tons (670 t) standard
728 long tons (740 t) full load
Length: 58.8 m (192 ft 11 in)
Beam: 8.71 m (28 ft 7 in)
Draught: 2.53 m (8 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft Diesel
3,500 bhp (2,600 kW)
Speed: 18 knots (21 mph; 33 km/h)
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) @ 15 knots (17 mph; 28 km/h)
Complement: 110
Sensors and
processing systems:
Sonar and hydrophones
Armament: 1 × 100 mm (3.9 in)

7 × 20 mm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns
2 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes

10 × depth charge throwers

The Gabbiano class corvettes were a group of 59 vessels built for the Regia Marina of Italy for service during the Second World War. They were built to a war-time design and intended for anti-submarine and escort duties.

Design[edit]

The Gabbiano's were designed to be built quickly and in large numbers and began to enter service in May 1942. The ships were fitted with sonar and hydrophones, but the Regia Marina did not consider removing features such as torpedo tubes to reduce topweight or allow the vessels to carry more anti-submarine weapons.[2] These ships were equipped with electric 'creep' motors with an endurance of 16 nautical miles (30 km) at 6 knots (11 km/h) for silent running while engaged in anti-submarine searches,[3] Overall, they were well-designed for operations in the Mediterranean and successful in their role.

Service[edit]

Sixty vessels were ordered, and 29 were completed by September 1943. The Germans seized many of these vessels after the Italian surrender in 1943, and operated them under new names until the end of the war. The Germans also completed 20 vessels under construction. Fourteen vessels survived the war; the postwar Marina Militare used them as patrol vessels until 1972.

Two corvettes played important parts in Italian history: Persefone brought Mussolini, under arrest after 25 July 1943, from Gaeta to Ponza, while a short time later on 9 September 1943 Baionetta carried the royal family and the Italian government with Marshall Badoglio from Pescara to Brindisi during their escape from Rome after the armistice.

Ships[edit]

Ship Builder Launched Operational History
Alce OTO, Livorno 27 May 1942 Completed as Uj6084
Antilope OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942 German Uj6082
Ape Navalmeccanica 22 November 1942
Ardea Ansaldo, Genoa - Uj2225
not completed
Artimede CRDA, Monfalcone 9 August 1942 German Uj2226
Baionetta Breda 5 October 1942
Berenice CRDA, Monfalcone 20 May 1943 Sunk, 9 Sept 1943
Bombarda Breda 31 August 1942 Completed as Uj206
Calabrone Navalmeccanica 27 June 1943 German
not renamed
Camoscio OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942 German Uj6081
Capriolo OTO, Livorno 5 December 1942 Completed as Uj6083
Carabina Breda 31 August 1943 Completed as Uj207
Cavalletta Navalmeccanica 3 December 1942 German
broken up
Cervo OTO, Livorno - Uj6086
not completed
Chimera CRDA, Trieste 30 January 1943
Cicala Navalmeccanica 27 June 1943 German
not renamed
Clava Breda - German
broken up
Cicogna Ansaldo, Genoa 12 October 1942 Bombed 24 July 1943
scuttled
Cocciniglia Navalmeccanica -
Columbrina Breda 7 December 1942 Completed as Uj205
Cormorano Cerusa 20 September 1942
Crisalide Navalmeccanica
Danaide CRDA, Trieste 21 October 1942
Daino OTO, Livorno - Uj6087
not completed
Driade CRDA, Trieste 7 October 1942
Egeria CRDA, Monfalcone - Scuttled Sept 1943
Euridice CRDA, Monfalcone Uj204
not completed
Euterpe CRDA, Monfalcone 22 October 1942 Scuttled Sept 1943
Farfalla Navalmeccanica
Fenice CRDA, Trieste 1 March 1943
Flora CRDA, Trieste 1 December 1942
Folaga Ansaldo, Genoa 14 November 1942
Gabbiano Cerusa 23 June 1942
Gazzella OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942
Grillo Navalmeccanica 21 March 1943 German
not renamed
Gru Ansaldo, Genoa 23 December 1942
Ibis Ansaldo, Genoa 12 December 1942
Libellula Navalmeccanica - German
broken up
Lucciola Navalmeccanica 21 March 1943
Marangone Ansaldo, Genoa 16 September 1943 Completed as Uj2223
Maggiolino Navalmeccanica -
Melpomene CRDA, Monfalcone 29 August 1943 Completed as Uj202
Minerva CRDA, Monfalcone 5 November 1942
Persefone CRDA, Monfalcone 21 September 1942 Scuttled Sept 1943
Pomona CRDA, Trieste 18 November 1942
Procellaria Cerusa 4 September 1942
Renna OTO, Livorno 5 December 1942 Completed as Uj6085
Scure Breda - Uj209
not completed
Scimitarra Breda 16 September 1942
Sfinge CRDA, Trieste 9 January 1943
Sibilla CRDA, Trieste 10 March 1943
Spingarda Breda 22 March 1943 Completed as Uj208
Stambecco OTO, Livorno - Uj6088
not completed
Strolaga Ansaldo, Genoa - Uj2224
not completed
Tuffetto Ansaldo, Genoa 25 August 1943 Completed as Uj2222
Tersicore CRDA, Monfalcone Uj203
not completed
Urania CRDA, Monfalcone 21 April 1943
Vespa Navalmeccanica 22 Nov 1942 German Uj2221
Zagaglia Breda -

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Conway p316-317
  2. ^ Conway p302
  3. ^ Conway p317

References[edit]