Gabdulkhay Akhatov

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Gabdulkhay Akhatov
Габдулхай Хурамович Ахатов
Габделхәй Хурам улы Əхәтов
Portrait of Professor Gabdulkhay Akhatov
Born (1927-09-08)September 8, 1927
Staroye Aymanovo village, Menzelinsky Canton, Tatar ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died November 25, 1986(1986-11-25) (aged 59)
Naberezhnyye Chelny, Tatar ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Residence Kazan, Tatarstan (1947-1954); Tobolsk, Tyumen Oblast (1954-1958); Ufa, Bashkortostan (1958-1985); Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan (1985-1986)
Nationality USSR
Ethnicity Tatar
Alma mater Kazan State Pedagogical Institute
Occupation Professor of Philology, Turkologist, Linguist
Known for foundation of the modern Tatar dialectological and phraseological research schools
Spouse(s) Rosa Akhatova, nee Deminova (born (1929-07-11)July 11, 1929)


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Alma mater of professor Akhatov - Kazan State Pedagogical Institute (now - the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University)

Gabdulkhay Khuramovich Akhatov (Russian: Габдулха́й Хура́мович Аха́тов; Tatar: Габделхәй Хурам улы Əхәтов; Ğabdelxəy Huram ulı Əxətov; September 8, 1927 - November 25, 1986) was a Soviet Tatar Linguist, Turkologist and an organizer of science (earning his first Ph.D in 1954) and then a second doctorate of Philology in 1965[1] Professor (1970).[1]

Akhatov graduated with honors from Kazan State Pedagogical Institute in 1951 and later from graduate school in 1954. He became a member of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and was also chairman of the specialized boards for doctoral and master's theses in a number of universities across the now-defunct USSR.[2]

Akhatov was the founder of a number of research institutions, including the modern scientific school of Tatar dialectological and the phraseological Kazan school.[3]

By studying the phonetic peculiarities of dialect of the local population of Siberia, Akhatov was first among scientists who discovered in the speech of Siberian Tatars that there is such a thing as the pronounce,[4][5] which in his opinion, was obtained for the Siberian Tatars of Kipchaks.[6] In his classic fundamental research work "The Dialect of the West Siberian Tatars" (1963) Akhatov wrote about a territorial resettlement of the Tobolsk-Irtysh Tatars in Tyumen and Omsk areas.

After a comprehensive integrated analysis of the phonetic system, the lexical composition and the grammatical structure, the scientist concluded that the language of the Siberian Tatars is a separate dialect, it is not divided into sub-dialects and it is one of the most ancient Turkic languages.[5]

Akhatov, for the first time in Turkic studies, gave a theoretically consistent and systematic description of the idiomatic expressions of the Tatar language. He is the author of the widely known book - "Phraseological dictionary of the Tatar language" (1982).[7]

For more than 30 years, Professor Akhatov headed the department of Tatar philology at various universities and institutes in Russia.

Akhatov also did research on the general theory of language. He published a fundamental work on the main sign of paired words,[8] explored and thoroughly investigated the nature of the double negative in the Turkic languages,[9] and also discovered and formulated the law of pairing in Turkic languages.[10]

Akhatov trained over 40 doctors and candidates of sciences, and published about 200 scientific papers.

He was a true polyglot. He knew more than two dozen languages.[11][12]

A number of his scientific works were highly praised at the XIII International Congress of Linguists (ICL) (Tokyo, 1982).[13] Akhatov organized and led several dialectological expeditions and was the author of fundamental scientific works, dictionaries, textbooks, manuals and programs for dialectology, phraseology, and lexicology.

He was a recipient of the Medal "For Labour Valour" and the Medal "Veteran of Labour".

His son Aydar Akhatov (born 20 June 1957) is a Russian state, political and public figure, Economist, a second doctorate in Economics, Ecologist and Lawyer[14]

Major works[edit]

  • Akhatov G. "Issues of teaching methods of the Tatar language in the eastern dialect" (monograph). Tobolsk, 1958.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "The language of the Siberian Tatars. Phonetic features "(monograph). Ufa, 1960.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the ethnogenesis of the Western Siberian Tatars' .- Sat. "Questions dialectology Turkic languages ", Kazan, 1960.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the stress in the language of the Siberian Tatars in connection with the stress of modern Tatar literary language" .- Sat *"Problems of Turkic and the history of Russian Oriental Studies." Kazan, 1960.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Some features of mother tongue in the eastern dialect of the Tatar language" .- Sat "Questions dialectology Turkic languages. *Kazan., 1960.
  • Akhatov G. "About peculiarities of phraseological units." - J. "Soviet school". Kazan, 1960.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Dialect West Siberian Tatars" (monograph). Ufa, 1963.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Local dialects - a reliable source for comparative-historical study of language." - Sat. "Questions dialectology of the Turkic languages." Baku, 1963.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Lexical phraseological peculiarities of the eastern dialects of the Tatar language." - Sat. "Proceedings of the Urals economic rayona.Yazykoznanie universities." - Sverdlovsk, 1963.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the stress in the language of the Siberian Tatars." - Sat. "Problems of Turkic and Oriental history." Kazan: KSU Publishing House, 1964.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Dialects West Siberian Tatars." Diss. on soisk. Kazan. Doctoral degree. philologist. of Sciences. Tashkent, 1965.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Language contacts peoples of the Volga and the Urals" (monograph). Ufa, 1970.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Fhraseology" (monograph). Ufa, 1972.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "The modern Tatar language" (a program for university students). Kazan: Publishing House of Kazan State Pedagogical Institute. 1974. (Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Vocabulary of modern Tatar language" (a textbook for university students). Ufa, 1975.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Tatar phraseology" (a program for university students). Ufa: Izd. BSU, 1975.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Dialect West Siberian Tatars in relation to the literary language." Ufa: Izd BSU, 1975.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "The use of dialect data for comparative-historical study of the Turkic languages." - Sat. "Soviet Turkic and Turkic languages development in the USSR". Alma-Ata, 1976.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Tatar dialectology. Dialect of the Western Siberian Tatars "(textbook for university students). Ufa, 1977.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Polisemantichnye words in the Tatar language" (a program elective course for students). Ufa, Baku State University Publishing House, 1977.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Tatar dialectology. Average dialect "(textbook for university students). Ufa, 1979.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the drafting of the Tatar language phrase book," (monograph). Ufa, 1979.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Arsk subdialect of Kazan of dialect of Tatar language" .- Sb. University them. IN Ulyanov, Cheboksary, 1979.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Lexicology of modern Tatar literary language" (monograph). Kazan, 1979.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Mishar dialect of Tatar language" (a textbook for university students). Ufa, 1980.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Sources of the construction of historical dialectology of the Tatar language." - Sat. "Linguistic geography and history of the language problem." Nalchik, 1981.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Menzelinsky dialect of Tatar language" .- Sb.ChuvGU them. IN Ulyanov, Cheboksary, 1981.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the main symptoms of paired words." - J. "The Soviet Finno-Ugric." Talin, 1981, № 2.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Dialects and place names of the Volga" (Interuniversity Collection). Cheboksary: publ. University them. IN Ulyanov. 1981. (Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Phraseological dictionary of the Tatar language" (monograph). Kazan, 1982. (Russian) (Tatar language)
  • Akhatov G. "The modern Tatar literary language" (monograph). Kazan, 1982.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Antonyms and principles of the first in the Tatar language dictionary of antonyms" (monograph). Ufa, 1982.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Tatar dialectology" (textbook for university students), Kazan, 1984.(Russian) (Tatar language)
  • Akhatov G. "About the Nature of a double negative in the Turkic language of Kipchak-Bulgar subgroup." - J. "Soviet Turkology." 1984, № 3.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "Winged words. - Jean "Yalkyn." Kazan, 1985, № 11.(Russian)
  • Akhatov G. "About the law of the pairing of words in Turkic languages" / Sat. "Turcologica". - Moscow, 1987.(Russian)
  • Achatow G. «Unsere vielsprachige Welt» / NL, Berlin, 1986, № 4.(German)
  • Achatow G. «Linguistik im Bund mit Computer» / NL, Berlin, 1986, № 24.(German)
  • Akhatov G. "Vocabulary of the Tatar language" (textbook for students of universities and colleges). Kazan, 1995.(Russian)


  1. ^ a b Tatar Encyclopedia, Vol 1: The article "Akhatov Gabdulkhay Khuramovich." - "Institute of Tatar encyclopedia", Kazan, 2002, p. 233. (Russian)
  2. ^ Professor Gabdulkhay Khuramovich Akhatov: Life and Work - "Tatarovedenie» - MTSS (Russian)
  3. ^ "Akhatov Gabdulkhaev Huramovich". Encyclopedia RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS SCIENTISTS OF CIS AND NEAR ABROAD. Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  4. ^ S. Iskhakov, B. Valeev. Problems of revival of the national language of the Siberian Tatars / / Languages, spiritual culture and history of the Turks: tradition and modernity. T. 1. - Kazan, 1992. - p. 41-43 (Russian)
  5. ^ a b Gabdulkhay Akhatov. Dialect West Siberian Tatars. Ufa, 1963, 195 p. (Russian)
  6. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. Dialects West Siberian Tatars. Doctoral dissertation. Tashkent, 1965. (Russian)
  7. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. Phrasebook Tatar language" (monograph). Kazan, 1982. (Russian)
  8. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. About the main symptoms of paired words. - J. "The Soviet Finno-Ugric." Talin, 1981, № 2.
  9. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. About the Nature of a double negative in the Turkic language of Kipchak-Bulgar subgroup." - J. "Soviet Turkology." Baku. 1984, № 3.
  10. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. About the law of the pairing of words in Turkic languages" / 'Turcologica'. - M., 1987.
  11. ^ Professor G. Akhatov / Official Website
  12. ^ Professor G. Akhatov / VIP PERSON
  13. ^ Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Linguists, August 29 — September 4, 1982, Tokyo, Japan.
  14. ^ Tatar Encyclopedia, Vol 1: The article " Aydar Gabdulkhaevich Akhatov ." - "Institute of Tatar encyclopedia". - Kazan, 2002, p. 233. (Russian)

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