Gabonese Socialist Union

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Gabonese Socialist Union
Union socialiste gabonaise
Founder Dr. Serge Mba Békalé
First Secretary Dr. Guy Nang Békalé
Founded 1991 (1991)
Seats None

The Gabonese Socialist Union (French: Union socialiste gabonaise, abbreviated USG) is a political party in Gabon. Initially an opposition party founded by formerly exiled student activists, the party aligned itself with the ruling majority.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Dr. Serge Mba Békalé was the founding president of the party.[1] USG was one of the political parties that emerged with the legalization of opposition parties in March 1991.[2] The majority of the founders of USG had belonged to the General Association of Gabonese Students (Association générale des étudiants gabonais, AGEG) in France. Prominent members of the party included Marguérite Makaga, Vincent Essono Mengue, Alfred Antchouet Wora, Mouanga Mbadinga, Marc-Louis Ropivia and Hervé Ossamane Onouviet.[3]

Transitional period[edit]

The USG won four seats in the September/November 1990 legislative elections, although it lost a seat in the by-elections held in March 1991.[4] The party joined the coalition government formed in June 1991.[5]

In February 1992 USG united with two other parties, MORENA-originels and the Gabonese Socialist Party, to form an alliance called the African Forum for Reconstruction (Forum africain pour la reconstruction, FAR).[5] In July 1992 FAR led protests against the proposed Electoral Code.[6] Originally a vocal opposition party, USG soon joined the presidential majority, which caused various splits in the party.[7] In November 1993 USG declared its support for the presidential candidacy of incumbent Omar Bongo.[8]

Later developments[edit]

The USG won two seats in the 1996 legislative elections,[9] but lost both in the 2001 elections. The party has not regained parliamentary representation since.

Mba Békalé died in January 2010. After his death Mombo Nzigou provisionally took over the leadership of the party executive committee. In October 2011 USG held its second party congress in Libreville. The congress elected Dr. Guy Nang Békalé[clarification needed] as the first secretary of the party.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gabonews. Politique / 2ème Congrès national de l’« USG » sur fond de nouveau départ
  2. ^ Gale Research Inc. Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. New York: Gale Research, 1995. p. 158
  3. ^ Ndombet, Wilson-André. Renouveau démocratique et pouvoir au Gabon (1990–1993). Paris: Karthala, 2009. p. 84
  4. ^ Elections in Gabon African Elections Database
  5. ^ a b Africa South of the Sahara 2003. London: Europa publications, 2003. p. 409
  6. ^ Rake, Alan. New African Yearbook. 1999/2000. 1999. p. 189
  7. ^ Ndombet, Wilson-André. Renouveau démocratique et pouvoir au Gabon (1990–1993). Paris: Karthala, 2009. p. 195
  8. ^ Europa Publications Limited, and Taylor & Francis Group. The Europa World Year Book: 2008. New York: Routledge, 2008. p. 1896
  9. ^ Day, Alan J. Political Parties of the World. London: Harper, 2002. p. 201