Gabonese presidential election, 1993

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Gabon held a presidential election on 5 December 1993. Incumbent President Omar Bongo, in power since 1967, sought a five-year term against 12 other candidates. It was Gabon's first multiparty election, and according to official results Bongo won in the first round with 51.2% of the vote. However, the main opposition leader, Paul Mba Abessole, alleged fraud, claimed victory, and threatened to form a rival government. Riots in 1994 practically brought the country to a standstill until Bongo agreed to attend a peace conference with opposition groups in September 1994, in which a coalition government was formed until the 1996 parliamentary election, which Bongo's Gabonese Democratic Party won by a landslide.[1]

Based on exit polling at the time of the election, the news organization Reuters placed Bongo's share of the vote at about 37%.[2] Voter turnout was 88.1%.[3]


Candidate Party Votes %
Omar Bongo Ondimba Gabonese Democratic Party 213,793 51.2
Paul Mba Abessole National Woodcutters Rally 70,747 26.5
Pierre Louis Agondjo Okawe Gabonese Progress Party 19,961 4.8
Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou Social Democratic Party 15,220 3.6
Jules Bourdes Ogouliguende Independent 14,113 3.4
Alexandre Sambat Independent 10,819 2.6
Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge 9,203 2.2
Léon Mbou Yembi African Forum for Reconstruction 7,625 1.8
Jean-Pierre Lemboumba-Lepandou Independent Centre Gabonese Party 5,768 1.4
Marc Saturnin Nan Nguéma Independent 3,579 0.9
Simon Oyono Aba 3,446 0.9
Adrien Ngueme-Ondo MORENA-Unioniste 1,842 0.4
Léon Mebiame 1,583 0.4
Invalid/blank votes 8,875 -
Total 426,594 100
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ History of Gabon
  2. ^ David E. Gardinier and Douglas A. Yates, Historical Dictionary of Gabon (2006), Third Edition, page 277.
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p404 ISBN 0-19-829645-2