|The Most Reverend
Gabriel Martelino Reyes
|Archbishop of Manila|
Most Reverend Gabriel Reyes
|Appointed||October 14, 1949|
|Term ended||October 10, 1952|
|Predecessor||Michael J. O'Doherty|
|Successor||Rufino Jiao Santos|
|Ordination||by March 27, 1915|
|Birth name||Gabriel Martelino Reyes|
March 24, 1892|
Kalibo, Capiz (now Aklan)
|Died||October 10, 1952
|Buried||Manila Cathedral crypt|
|Previous post||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu (1934–1949)|
|Alma mater||St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary|
Archbishop Gabriel Martelino Reyes (March 24, 1892 - October 10, 1952) was first Filipino Archbishop of Manila, and the first Filipino Primate of the Roman Catholics in the Philippines. He was first appointed as the Archbishop of Cebu from 1934 to 1949 and then served as the Archbishop of Manila from 1949 till his death in 1952.
Gabriel M. Reyes was born on March 24, 1892 in Kalibo, Capiz to Filipino parents. He entered St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary in Jaro, Iloilo City at the age of 13, during the time of Bishop Frederick Rooker. He was ordained a priest, on 27 March 1915, by Bishop Dennis Joseph Dougherty of then Diocese of Jaro, later Cardinal Archbishop of Philadelphia, USA. After ordination, Gabriel was immediately appointed coadjutor parish priest of the future Cardinal at the Carhedral Parish of Jaro. After a few months Mons. Dougherty made him the parish priest of the Cathedral.
A few months later Gabriel was sent to a very challenging mission to Balasan, Iloilo, the farthest town of Iloilo up north. As the parish priest of this town, he covered sixteen small islands with neither roads, chapels nor convents but only ruins amidst increasing number Aglipayan and Protestant churches.
In 1918 he was transferred to be the parish priest of Capiz, Capiz (now Roxas, Capiz). On July 20, 1920, he was chosen as the Diocesan Chancellor and Secretary by the new Bishop of Jaro, Mons. James McClosky. He was also the parish priest of Santa Barbara, Iloilo.
Five years later, Mons. Gabriel Reyes was appointed by the Holy See as Bishop of Cebu. He received his episcopal consecration in the Cathedral of Jaro, on 11 October 1932, from the Apostolic Nuncio, Archbishop Guillermo Piani, S.D.B., with Mons. James McClosky - Bishop of Jaro, and Mons. Alfredo Verzosa, Bishop of Lipa, as co-consecrators. Two days after, he was installed in Cebu.
On April 28, 1934, after more than three centuries, the Diocese of Cebu was elevated by Pope Pius XI into an Archdiocese, with Gabriel Reyes as the first Archbishop. In Cebu Mons. Reyes ordained every year dozens of new candidates to the priesthood. He established the Parishes of Guadalupe, Tabuelan, Simala and Santa Lucia to add to the existing parishes, and launched an evangelization program. He also started the “Catholic Hour” over radio station DZRC.
On August 25, 1949 he was appointed by Pope Pius XII as Coadjutor to Archbishop Michael O’Doherty of Manila with right of succession (and Apostolic Administrator sede plena). On the death of the Archbishop on 29 September 1949, he took over the archi-episcopal See of Manila, being its first Filipino Archbishop.
Last years and Legacy
Archbishop Reyes renovated the Cebu Cathedral, which had been bombed during World War II. He established the San Carlos Seminary and parochial schools and the Cebu Archdiocesan officer newspaper Diaro-Kabuhi Sang Banua. A Catholic center he wished to build when he became archbishop of Manila was built by his successor, the Pope Pius XII Catholic Center, on U.N. Avenue in Manila. The Archbishop Gabriel M. Reyes Memorial Library (AGRM Library), the resource center of the San Carlos Pastoral Formation Complex, was dedicated in his honor.
Juan Bautista Gorordo
|Archbishop of Cebu
Julio Rosales y Ras
Michael J. O'Doherty
|Archbishop of Manila
Rufino Jiao Santos
- "Archbishop Gabriel M. Reyes (1932 – 1949)". Bag-ong Lungsoranon. Retrieved on 2012-02-27.
- "The Archbishops of Manila (First—Present)". Manila Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica. Retrieved on 2013-02-27.