Gabriel of Blaouza

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Gabriel II
(جبرائيل الثاني)
Patriarch of Antioch
Church Maronite Church
See Patriarch of Antioch
Elected May 12, 1704
Term ended October 31, 1705
Predecessor Estephan El Douaihy
Successor Jacob Awad
Orders
Consecration 1663 (Bishop)
by George Rizqallah Beseb'ely
Personal details
Born c. 1625
Blaouza, Lebanon
Died October 31, 1705
Qannubin Monastery, Kadisha Valley

Gabriel II of Blaouza (or Jibra'il al-Bluzani, Gabriel of Blawza, Arabic: جبرائيل الثاني‎, Latin: Gabriel Belusani), was the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1704 to his death in 1705.

Life[edit]

Gabriel of Blaouza was born in Blaouza, Lebanon in about 1625, son of an archdeacon. He entered young in the monastery of St. Anthony of Qozhaya in the Kadisha Valley.[1]

Gabriel of Blaouza was appointed and consecrated Maronite bishop of Aleppo by Patriarch George Rizqallah Beseb'ely in 1663.[1] He left his monastery and went to Aleppo, and served here as bishop for forty-one years till his election to Patriarch. During his service in Aleppo he many time supported and helped Patriarch Estephan El Douaihy.

Gabriel of Blaouza, after a previous attempt failed because of the opposition of the Druzes, succeed to found a religious order, the Antonin Maronite Order, characterized by a centralized organization with its proper hierarchy. The first Mass was celebrated in the newly erected church at Monastery of Mar Chaya on August 15, 1700.[2]

Afert the death of Patriarch Estephan El Douaihy, Gabriel of Blaouza was elected Patriarch on May 12, 1704, and his election was confirmed by Pope Clement XI on April 27, 1705.[3] Gabriel of Blaouza died shortly later, on October 31, 1705.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gabriel of Blawza". Antonin Maronite Order. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Mar Chaya". Antonin Maronite Order. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Dib, Pierre (2001). Histoire des Maronites: L'église maronite du XVIe siècle à nos jours, Volume 3. Librairie Orientale. p. 142. ISBN 978-9953-17-005-3. 
  4. ^ Dau, Butros (1984). Religious, cultural and political history of the Maronites. Lebanon. pp. 556–557.