Gacko

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Gacko
Гацко
View on Gacko
View on Gacko
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Milan Radmilović (SDS) [1]
Area
 • Total 735,88 km2 (28,412 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 9,734
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59

Gacko (Serbian Cyrillic: Гацко) is a town and municipality in East Herzegovina in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Geography[edit]

The municipality covers an area of 736 km2 (284 sq mi), making it one of the larger municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The town is near the state border with Montenegro.

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the town was the seat of a župa (county) of Serbia under the Nemanjić dynasty. In 1276, Serbian prince Stefan Dragutin defeated his father Stefan Uroš I on the Gacko field and took the throne. Gacko was at this time an important commercial centre on the Dubrovnik–Foča route. In the 14th century the region was governed by the powerful Vojinović family.[1] In its turbulent history, Gacko often changed rulers: after the fall of the Serbian Empire, Gacko became part of the Kingdom of Bosnia, and by 1483–85 it had been annexed by the Ottoman Empire into the Sanjak of Herzegovina.

Ottoman period[edit]

The burning of Saint Sava's remains after the Banat Uprising provoked the Serbs in other regions to revolt against the Ottomans.[2] Grdan, the vojvoda of Nikšić, organized revolt with Serbian Patriarch Jovan Kantul. In 1596, the uprising broke out in Bjelopavlići, then spread to Drobnjaci, Nikšić, Piva and Gacko (see Serb Uprising of 1596–97). The rebels were defeated at the field of Gacko. It ultimately failed due to lack of foreign support.[3]

Modern history[edit]

Austro-Hungarian authorities took over it in 1878 by the decision made at the Berlin Congress. In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventually led to World War I. After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going onto to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992. The town saw heavy fighting in the Bosnian war. Since the peace deals at the end of that conflict, Gacko has remained within the Republika Srpska entity.

Settlements of Gacko[edit]

AvtovacBahoriBašićiBerušicaBrajićevićiBranilovićiCernicaČemernoDanićiDobreljiDomrkeDonja BodežištaDramešinaDražljevoDrugovićiDubljevićiFojnica • Gacko • GarevaGornja BodežištaGračanicaGradinaHodinićiIgriIzgoriJabukaJasenikJugovićiKazanciKljučKokorinaKravarevoKulaLipnikLončariLukaLukoviceLjeskov DubMedanićiMeđuljićiMekavciMelečićiMiholjačeMjedenikMrđenovićiMuhovićiNadinićiNovi DulićiPlaticePodaPridvoricaPržineRavniRudo PoljeSamoborSlivljaSoderiSrđevićiStambelićiStari DulićiStepenStolacŠipovicaŠumićiUlinjeVišnjevoVratkovićiVrbaZagradciZurovićiŽanjevica

Economy[edit]

Gacko Power Plant

There is a thermoelectric powerplant in the municipality, which is the main employer. The Czech power company ČEZ intends to build a new power plant.[2][3]

Sport[edit]

The local football club, FK Mladost Gacko, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

Notable people[edit]

Demographic history[edit]

Census year Total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs Others
Municipality data
1991 10,788 6,661 (61.74%) 3,858 (35.76%) 29 (0.26%) 84 (0.77%) 156 (1.44%)
1981 10,279 6,215 (60.46%) 3,424 (33.31%) 21 (0.20%) 346 (3.36%) 273 (2.65%)
1971 12,033 7,634 (63.44%) 4,184 (34.77%) 15 (0.12%) 20 (0.16%) 180 (1.49%)
Town data
1991 2,253 4,584 2,144 28 78 81

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John V. A. Fine; John Van Antwerp Fine (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. pp. 53–. ISBN 0-472-08260-4. 
  2. ^ Dušan T. Bataković (1 January 1996). The Serbs of Bosnia & Herzegovina: History and Politics. Dialogue. p. 33. ISBN 978-2-911527-10-4. 
  3. ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) [1997]. "Преокрет у држању Срба". Историја српског народа (in Serbian). Belgrade: Јанус. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533