|Regions with significant populations|
|Somali and Arabic|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Issa, Surre, Isaaq and other Dir groups and Somali clans.|
Most Gadabuursi members are descendants of Sheikh Samaroon. However, Samaroon does not necessarily mean Gadabuursi, but rather represents only a sub-clan of the Gadabuursi clan family.
As a Dir sub-clan, the Gadabuursi have immediate lineal ties with the Issa of Djibouti, the Surre (Abdalle and Qubeys) of central/southern Somalia, the Biyomaal of southern Somalia, the Gaadsan and the Gurgure .
Politically, the Gadabuursi are represented by the Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA). The former president of the northwestern Somaliland region of Somalia, Dahir Rayale Kahin, also hails from the Gadabuursi clan.
The Gadabuursi are also found in Djibouti and the Somali Region in Ethiopia, where they almost exclusively inhabit both the Awbere district in the Jijiga Zone and the Dembel district in the Shinile Zone.
They also reside along the northeastern fringe of the chartered city state of Dire Dawa, which borders the Dembel district. The 2007 Summary and Statistical report of the Population and Housing Census of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia has shown that Awbere is the most populated district in the region.
The Gadabuursi of Ethiopia have expressed a desire to combine the clan's traditional territories of Awbere and Dembel to form a new region-state called Harawo State.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2012)|
The Gadabursi Kingdom was established more than 600 years ago, and consisted of many elders and a King (Ugaas). Hundreds of elders used to work in four sections consisting of 25 elders each:
- Social committee
- Defence - policing authorities consisting of horsemen (referred to as fardoolay) and foot soldiers
- Economy and collection of taxes
- Justice committee
The chairmen of the four sections were called Afarta Dhadhaar, and were selected according to talent and personnel abilities. A constitution, Xeer Gadabursi, had been developed, which divided every case as to whether it was new or had precedents (ugub or curad).
The Gadabursi King and the elders opposed the arrival of the British at the turn of the twentieth century, and subsequently signed an agreement with the latter. Later, as a disagreement between the two parties both arose and intensified, the British installed some people against the Ugaas in hopes of overthrowing him. This would eventually bring about the collapse of the kingdom.
There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.
- Gadabuursi (Gadabursi)
- Biimaal (or Bimal)
In the south central part of Somalia the World Bank shows the following clan tree:
- Habar Je'lo
- Habar Awal
- Habar Tol
- Abdi Ismail Samatar, scholar and writer
- Abdirahman Duale Beyle, Foreign Minister of Somalia
- Abdisalam Omer, former Governor of the Central Bank of Somalia
- Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur, inventor of the Borama script
- Ahmed Ismail Samatar, writer and professor
- Dahir Rayale Kahin, third President of Somaliland
- Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: D-Ha, , pp. 639 April 2011
- Somalia Assessment 2001, p. 5
- "Somaliland: The Myth of Clan-Based Statehood". Somalia Watch. 2002-12-07. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
- Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
- "Shinile Agropastoral Livelihood Zone" (PDF). Save the Children. 2001. p. 8. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "IL-DUUFKA WEYN EE LALA BEEGSADAY DAD-WEYNAHA GOBOLKA HARAWO". Harawo.org (in Somali). Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "United Nations Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia, Field Trip to Jijiga (22-29 April, 1994)" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 04-03-2011. [dead link]
-  United Nations Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia, Field Trip to Jijiga (22-29 April 1994), p. 2 (accessed 3 April 2011)
- Ethiopia Population Census Statistics, , p.72 November 2007,
- Harawo State Petition, , March 2011
- Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
- Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure, p. 43
- Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.56 Figure A-2
- Country Information and Policy Unit, Somalia Assessment 2001, Home Office, Great Britain