|Elevation||342 m (1,122 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Gadarwara is a city and a municipality since 1867 in Narsinghpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The city's major temple, Damru Ghaanti, with its large statue of Shiva and Shivalinga, receives thousands of devotees each year for the festival of Mahashivaratri.
The city is also known for the vibrant culture of the people. Almost all kind of festivals celebrated here, no matter to which caste they belong.
Goddess Bijasen Temple, Badi Mata Temple, Jain Temple and few Islamic Shrines are present in the cities.
Gadarwara is the childhood home of Osho (Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh) and has become a tourist destination for American, Australian and European pilgrims as well as Indians. There is a small ashram and a few spots associated with his early life. Other well-known Gadarwarans include, Ashutosh Rana and the politician Rameshwar Neekhra, an MP in the 1984 Congress government and head of the Bar Council of Madhya Pradesh for over a decade.
The town was the capital of the District in the time of the Marathas. Population (1901), 6,198. Gadarwara was created a municipality in 1867. A police thana, and tahseeldar were appointed from British period.
There are 23 wards in Gadarwara municipality, the Nagar Palika Adhyaksha (Mayor) is the chief of the municipality.
Police: Gadarwara Police thana with the office of the DSP. Also having the railway police thana.
Civil: SDM office, Tahseeldar office.
Judiciary: Civil Judge.
Gadarwara is located at  It has an average elevation of 354.77 metres (1163 feet). The Sakkar river flows through it rendering the surrounding farmland fertile. The larger Narmada River is 12 km away. Gadarwara lies on the main road from Jabalpur to Mumbai (Bombay) 30 miles west of Narsinghpur civil station. 50 km away, the beautiful hill station of Panchmari draws visitors from all over India..
A small fortress on the river bank was built by a family of Gond Rajputs in the early days of Maratha rule.
Gadarwara is famous for production of pulses and has approximately ninety production mills: most varieties of lentils are available in this small town. Sugarcane is also produced in the area. A railway station is situated 2 miles south of the town centre, whence a branch railway runs to the Mohpani coal-fields 14 miles farther south-south-east in the gorge by which the Chita-Rewa leaves the Satpura table-land. A large coal mine known as Gotetoria is found some 15 km from the city.
Historically the town has manufactured and dyed cotton cloth, and functioned as a centre of trade in grain and cotton from Eastern Bhopal, Bhilsa, Sagar and elsewhere., expoerting salt, crude sugar and piece-goods, particularly brass and bell-metal vessels made at Chichli chichli is famous for make brass pot, also called brass township because all type metals pot makes here. Gadarwara was once known as Gadariya Kheda, and the whole area as Gadarwara Pargana, because there was a large population of Gadariya, who were sheep and goat farmers.
NTPC (national thermal power corporation) is also building a Power plant with capacity 800*4=3200 MW in Gadarwara .. 2 × 800 MW Ultra Super-Critical Coal Based THERMAL POWER PLANT near Gangai & Umaraiya village s, in Gadarwara Tehsil, in Narsinghpur District, in Madhya Pradesh
The proposal was earlier for setting up of 4 × 800 MW Coal Based THERMAL POWER PLANT near Gangai & Umaraiya village s, in Gadarwara Tehsil, in Narsinghpur District, in Madhya Pradesh. Land requirement for 2 × 800 MW shall be restricted to 900 acres. Coal requirement will be 7.5 MTPA which will be obtained from the North Karanpura Coal Blocks. Water requirement will be 32 cusec which will be met from the Narmada
The project is awarded TO BHEL and is started by April 2013 and expected to be completed by 2016 (In 42 months from zero date)
The project was considered for issuing ToR on Dec 22, 2010 and the ToR was issued on Jan 13, 2011
As per record the town was the capital of the District in the time of the Marathas. Population (1901), 6,198. Gadarwara was created a municipality in 1867. The municipal receipts during the decade ending 1901 averaged Rs. 19,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 33,000, derived principally from octroi. Gadarwara was the largest exporting station in the District for the local products oil and grain. Various handicrafts, such as weaving, dyeing, shoe-making, and pottery, are also carried on in the town, but are in a depressed condition. A cotton-ginning factory has recently been erected with a capital of Rs. 32,000, which disposed of cotton to the value of a lakh of rupees in 1902-3. Gadarwara was containing an English middle school and a dispensary. A police thana, and tahseeldar were appointed during British period. Ref: The gazetteer of the Central Provinces of India edited by Sir Charles Grant (Page 121- 122)
Stone Age PERIOD: Gadarwara is having many historical Rocks, which are being revered, from time to time during various archeological surveys. According to Gazetteer published by the district in the district of Narsinghpur, about 10 km away from Gadarwara, village called 'Bhatera' certain "Fossil of animals " & apparatus mode of said stones are found during various surveys. One other archeological surveys found "Fossil of animals " near the Gadarwara railway bridge at the time of bridge manufacturing.
Up to 10Th CCE PERIOD: During the 2nd CCE this area was under the rule of the Satvahans dynasty. Form 4th century the area was under the GUPT Empire, during which King Samudra Gupt succeed extending the areas of his Kingdom in Central India & Western part of India. In 6th Century there are certain indications of padi Kingdom.
But once again History lost in vein for around 400 years, we are not having any authentic knowledge for this period. In 10th CCE the area was under control of Jasraj (father of Aalha Udal), who were kings during the period of King PrithviRaj Chouhan and made Bohani (10 km from Gadarwara) their capital.
Raj Gond Vans PERIOD: During 14th century the area was part of Raj Gond dynasty. This Vansh (1400–1541) came to existence by Yadav Rao who laid the foundation of a strong Kingdom at a place called Garha - Katanga & started a process of strong mighty rule. One of the rulers Sangram Shah had established 52 Garh, so strangest the Gond Empire. The fort of Choura Garh/Chougan (situated nearby Gadarwara around 20 km.) was constructed by Sangram Shah, which is still an evidence of bravery of Veerarayan - The son of Rani Durgawati. At the fort of Chauragarh Asif Khan trapped prince Veer Narayan & killed him by his Cunning tactics. Thus Garha Katanga comes under control of Mugals in 1564. Gonds Mugals & after then the area was under control of various officers & administrative & hereditary chiefs during the Maratha’s rule.
Maratha PERIOD: In 1785, Madhavji Bhonsle purchased the area of Mandla & Narmada ghati and the name "Gadarwara" came into use, that time. This area was under pressure of army rule during the reign of Raghuji Bhonsle / Nawab of Bhopal & Pindari' s due to unsuitability & other problems, the common people were extremely exploited. This period also known as period of problems & unsuitability. Paloha was the headquarters of Pindari Sardars, Chitu & Karim Khan during this period.
BRITISH PERIOD: After the BATTLE of Sitaburdi 1818, this area come under the control of BRITISH rule, In this period the area was known as Gadarwara pargana. In 1818 British army captured fort of Chouragarh & in 1830 the control of this area was given to a committee. During British rule the Administration of this area was further improved & in 1836 the area was partitioned & was merged in Hoshangabad district.
Struggle for Independence: As per the records this area was not much active in Struggle for Independence. There are few notable cases for struggle for independence. During the mass demonstration of satyagrah at Chichli in 1932 Mansharam & Gauradevi lost their lives during Police firing.
After Independence: When India got its independence in 1947 on 15 August, a new era started in this town. After 9 years of independence, when states were reorganized on the basis of languages, Gadarwara once again became part of Narsinghpur district.
How to Reach
Gadarwara is located on the MP SH 22 (Sandalpur - Nasrullanganj - Hoshangabad - Piparia - Gadarwara - Narsinghpur - Jabalpur - Dindori) and MP SH 44 (Gairatganj - Silwani - Udaipura - Saikheda - Gadarwara). The buses from & to Jabalpur, Bhopal, Indore, Chhindwara, Narsinghpur, Kareli, Sagar, Pipariya, Hoshangabad are available.
Gadarwara has very well connectivity with the rail network of India, located between Mumbai-Allahabad Rail Route, Many trains running between Mumbai, Jabalpur, Allahabad has stoppage at Gadarwara Railway Station.
Gadarwara Railway Station
Gadarwara railway station is under the west central rail zone. In 1869–71, brothers, Ladhha Bharmal Chawda & Ramji Bharmal Chawda of Chandiya were the Main Contractors for Great Indian Peninsula Railway; who built 153 miles long railway track from Itarsi to Jabalpur. The station of Gadarwara along with Bagra Tawa, Sohagpur, Pipariya, Kareli were also built by them. With completion of this line in 1871, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway got connected with East Indian Railway network with Jubbulpore (Jabalpur) as the Junction.
Gadarwara has very well connected by Indian Railways, with the facility of daily running trains for New Delhi (capital of India), Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhopal (capital of Madhya pradesh), Indore, Jabalpur, Itarsi, Gwalior, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna and several other places of india. The nearest junction is Itarsi (117 km), one of the biggest junction in India and several trains are passing from this station (Itarsi) while going from North to south or east to west and another nearest is junction Jabalpur (129 km) which is also the zonal office of the west central rail zone.
List of Trains has stoppage at Gadarwara
|Train Code||Train Name||Arrival||Departure||Stop time||Days of run|
|51190||ALD ET PASS||10:13||10:14||1 min||Daily|
|12853||AMARKANTAK EXP||06:25||06:26||1 min||Daily|
|12854||AMARKANTAK EXP||19:16||19:18||2 min||Daily|
|12159||AMI JBP SUP EXP||04:28||04:30||2 min||Daily|
|51187||BSL KTE PASS||20:07||20:08||1 min||Daily|
|51189||ET ALD PASS||10:50||10:51||1 min||Daily|
|51671||ET KTE PASS||07:25||07:26||1 min||Daily|
|51673||ET STA PASS||06:02||06:03||1 min||Daily|
|15018||GKP LTT EXP||01:50||01:52||2 min||Daily|
|15017||GORAKHPUR EXP||22:48||22:50||2 min||Daily|
|12062||HBJ JANSHATABDI||07:49||07:51||2 min||Daily|
|12321||HWH MUMBAI MAIL||19:56||19:57||1 min||Daily|
|11471||INDB JBP EXP||02:42||02:44||2 min||Daily|
|11472||JBP INDB EXP||00:45||00:47||2 min||Daily|
|12061||JBP JANSHATABDI||20:45||20:47||2 min||Daily|
|12192||JBP NDLS SUP EX||19:36||19:38||2 min||Daily|
|11464||JBP SOMNATH EXP||13:43||13:45||2 min||Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sun|
|51672||KATNI ET PASS||18:27||18:28||2 min||Daily|
|12322||KOLKATA MAIL||11:05||11:07||2 min||Daily|
|51188||KTE BSL PASS||03:09||03:10||1 min||Daily|
|13202||LTT RJPB EXP||13:44||13:46||2 min||Daily|
|12160||JBP AMI SUP EXP||22:46||22:48||2 min||Daily|
|18234||NARMADA EXP PSG||23:06||23:07||1 min||Daily|
|18233||NARMADA EXP PSG||04:07||04:09||2 min||Daily|
|12191||NDLS JBP SUP EX||04:48||04:50||2 min||Daily|
|13201||RJPB LTT EXP||17:24||17:25||1 min||Daily|
|11463||SMNH JBP EXP||12:26||12:28||2 min||Mon, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat|
|51674||STA ET PASS||20:55||20:56||1 min||Daily|
|11272||VINDHYACHAL EXP||09:26||09:28||2 min||Daily|
|11271||VINDHYACHAL EXP||18:17||18:19||2 min||Daily|
|12187||MUMBAI GARIBRATH||21:13||21:15||2 min||Mon, Wed, Fri|
|12188||JBP GARIBRATH||03:36||03:38||2 min||Tue, Thu, Sat|
|22187||INTERCITY EXPRESS||08:40||08:42||2 min||Daily|
|22188||INTERCITY EXPRESS||17:56||17:58||2 min||Daily|
1. Rajneesh Osho
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gadarwara
- The Imperial Gazetteer of India (Volume 4, pp. 55-8)