The Gaddi (aka Pahari Bharmauri) are a Hindu tribe living mainly in the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. They used to be considered as scheduled tribe but some are scheduled caste or "untouchables" in the Punjab but are no longer considered such and are made up of Rajputs, Khatris, Ranas, and Thakurs. They are said to have fled into the mountains centuries ago when the Muslims moved into the plains of northern India.
Many of them are shepherds and live a semi-nomadic lifestyle (transhumance)- having hill or mountains' feet villages where they live in winter, while taking their flocks to higher ground for grazing in the summer.
- Language & writing
The Gaddi language, a variant of Mandeali language, is a living language spoke by about 110.000 native speakers. The written form of it, called Takri script, is documented but effectively extinct. Nowadays the Devanagari script is most commonly used.
Gaddi man photographed near Dharamkot in 2004.
- Verma, V. 1996. Gaddis of Dhauladhar: A Transhumant Tribe of the Himalayas. Indus Publishing Company, New Delhi.