AlufGadi Eizenkot (born May 19, 1960) is a Major-General in the Israel Defense Forces, and current deputy chief of staff, assuming office on 14 January 2013.
After joining the IDF Eizenkot was assigned to the Golani Brigade, which he himself would eventually command from 1997–8. During that time he received a B.A. in history from Tel Aviv University and attended the US Army and Security Studies course.
On July 11, 2011, the position was transferred to Major-General Yair Golan, and Eizenkot went on leave in order to serve as a research fellow in an Israeli think tank, to return as deputy chief of General Staff in place of Maj.-Gen. Yair Naveh. In 2014 Eizenkot and Naveh will compete to become the 21st Chief of General Staff.
Eisenkot is credited with being the most prominent exponent of the Dahiya doctrine (sometimes spelled as Dahieh or Dahiyeh), a defense strategy of Israel under which "Israel finally realizes that Arabs should be accountable for their leaders' acts". It is named after a Hizbullah stronghold in Beirut that Israel flattened from the air in the 34-day Second Lebanon War. He expressed the doctrine's premise as follows: "What happened in the Dahiya quarter of Beirut in 2006 will happen in every village from which Israel is fired on. [...] We will apply disproportionate force on it and cause great damage and destruction there. From our standpoint, these are not civilian villages, they are military bases. [...] This is not a recommendation. This is a plan. And it has been approved. There would be no mercy shown "when it comes to hitting the national infrastructure of a state that, in practice, is controlled by Hizbullah."