|Population||227 (Dec 2012)|
|- Density||2 /km2 (5 /sq mi)|
|Area||116.49 km2 (44.98 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,205 m (3,953 ft)|
|Surrounded by||Engelberg (OW), Göschenen (UR), Guttannen, Innertkirchen, Oberwald (VS), Wassen (UR)|
|Twin towns||Volketswil (Switzerland)|
The name Gadmen comes from the Old High German "gadum," meaning barn or small house, and was first mentioned in 1382.
Gadmen is first mentioned in 1382 as im Gadmen.
Gadmen has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 227. As of 2007[update], 2.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -15.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (98.5%), with French being second most common ( 0.4%) and Spanish being third ( 0.4%).
In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 52.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (22.1%), the FDP (13.6%) and the local small left-wing parties (4.6%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 53.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 25%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Gadmen about 51.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Gadmen has an unemployment rate of 1.12%. As of 2005[update], there were 52 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 13 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 43 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 13 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
Gadmen has an area, as of 2009[update], of 116.49 km2 (44.98 sq mi). Of this area, 9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi) or 8.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.48 km2 (7.52 sq mi) or 16.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.75 km2 (0.29 sq mi) or 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 1.52 km2 (0.59 sq mi) or 1.3% is either rivers or lakes and 85.19 km2 (32.89 sq mi) or 73.1% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 0.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.4%. 10.9% of the total land area is heavily forested. Of the agricultural land, 1.7% is pastures and 6.5% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 13.3% is unproductive vegetation, 33.0% is too rocky for vegetation and 26.8% of the land is covered by glaciers.
Gadmen lies in the Bernese Oberland, and the Susten Pass lies on the eastern border of the municipality. It lies in the Gadmer watershed. The neighboring municipalities are Engelberg, Wassen, Göschenen, Guttannen, Innertkirchen and Kerns.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 August 2013
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Gadmen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 10-Jul-2009
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010