Etowah County, Alabama

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Etowah County, Alabama
Etowah County, Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Etowah County courthouse in Gadsden
Map of Alabama highlighting Etowah County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 7, 1866
Seat Gadsden
Largest city Gadsden
Area
 • Total 549 sq mi (1,422 km2)
 • Land 535 sq mi (1,386 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.5%
Population
 • (2010) 104,430
 • Density 195/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.etowahcounty.org

Etowah County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 104,430.[1] Its county seat is Gadsden.[2] Its name is from a Cherokee word meaning "edible tree". In total area, it is the smallest county in Alabama.

Etowah County comprises the Gadsden, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Etowah was originally the southern part of DeKalb County, Alabama. However Baine County was established on December 7, 1866, named for General David W. Baine of the Confederate Army, with its county seat at Gadsden. On December 1, 1868 the county was abolished and Etowah County was created from the same territory.[3]

An F4 tornado struck here on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994. It destroyed Piedmont's Goshen United Methodist Church twelve minutes after the National Weather Service of Birmingham issued a tornado warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 549 square miles (1,420 km2), of which 535 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.5%) is water.[4] It is the smallest county by area in Alabama.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 10,109
1880 15,398 52.3%
1890 21,926 42.4%
1900 27,361 24.8%
1910 39,109 42.9%
1920 47,275 20.9%
1930 63,399 34.1%
1940 72,580 14.5%
1950 93,892 29.4%
1960 96,980 3.3%
1970 94,144 −2.9%
1980 103,057 9.5%
1990 99,840 −3.1%
2000 103,459 3.6%
2010 104,430 0.9%
Est. 2013 103,931 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 103,459 people, 41,615 households, and 29,463 families residing in the county. The population density was 193 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 45,959 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.87% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,615 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,170, and the median income for a family was $38,697. Males had a median income of $31,610 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,783. About 12.30% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Alabama Counties: Etowah County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, AL: Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°3′N 86°2′W / 34.050°N 86.033°W / 34.050; -86.033