Gadsden County, Florida

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Gadsden County, Florida
Quincy FL Courthouse04.JPG
Gadsden County Courthouse
Seal of Gadsden County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Gadsden County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded 24 June 1832
Named for James Gadsden
Seat Quincy
Largest city Quincy
Area
 • Total 528.49 sq mi (1,369 km2)
 • Land 516.13 sq mi (1,337 km2)
 • Water 12.35 sq mi (32 km2), 2.34%
Population
 • (2010) 46,389
 • Density 90/sq mi (34.69/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gadsdengov.net

Gadsden County is a county located in the panhandle of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,389.[1] Its county seat is Quincy.[2] Gadsden County is the only predominantly African-American county in Florida. Gadsden county is home to two high schools - West Gadsden High School (merged from the former Chattahoochee High and Greensboro High) located on the western outskirts of Quincy near Greensboro, and East Gadsden High School (merged from the former James A. Shanks High and Havana Northside High) located on Hwy 90 East of Quincy.

The county is part of the Tallahassee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Gadsden County was created in 1823. It was named for James Gadsden[3] of South Carolina, who served as Andrew Jackson's aide-de-camp in Florida in 1818. Gadsden County is historically known for its tobacco crop which is obsolete today.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 528.49 square miles (1,368.8 km2), of which 516.13 square miles (1,336.8 km2) (or 97.66%) is land and 12.35 square miles (32.0 km2) (or 2.34%) is water.[4]

Gadsden County is part of the Tallahassee Metropolitan Statistical Area. Gadsden County is in the Eastern Time Zone. Its western border with Jackson County forms the boundary in this area between the Eastern and Central Time Zones.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Education[edit]

Level of Education
Level Gadsden Co. Florida U.S.

College/Associate Degree 21.9% 28.8% 27.4%
Bachelor's Degree 8.0% 14.3% 15.5%
Master's or Ph. D. 4.9% 8.1% 8.9%
Total 34.8% 51.2% 51.8%

Library[edit]

The Gadsden County Public Library System has 3 branches.

Location Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
William A. McGill Library 10:00-8:00 10:00-8:00 12:00-8:00 10:00-8:00 10:00-6:00 10:00-6:00 Closed
Havana Branch 11:00-8:00 11:00-8:00 11:00-6:00 11:00-6:00 11:00-6:00 9:00-12:00 Closed
Chattahoochee Branch 11:00-8:00 11:00-8:00 11:00-6:00 11:00-6:00 11:00-6:00 9:00-12:00 Closed

Politics[edit]

Gadsden County is known as an unusual stronghold of the Democratic Party in north Florida. Gadsden shares this distinction with Leon County and Jefferson County to its east, and Alachua County to its southeast. All of northern Florida leans toward the Republican Party with the exception of these four counties[citation needed]. (see Red states and blue states for map). Gadsden County was the only Florida county carried by Democrat Michael Dukakis in the 1988 U. S. Presidential election.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012 29.5% 70.1% 0.4%
2008 30.3% 69.2% 0.5%
2004 29.8% 69.7% 0.5%
2000 32.4% 66.1% 1.5%
1996 34.2% 66.3% 6.8%
1992 27.6% 59.0% 13.4%
1988 47.6% 50.7% 2.3%
1984 44.0% 56.0% 0.0%
1980 30.4% 67.3% 2.3%
1976 33.9% 65.2% 1.0%
1972 61.0% 39.0% 0.0%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,992
1850 8,784 46.6%
1860 9,396 7.0%
1870 9,802 4.3%
1880 12,169 24.1%
1890 11,894 −2.3%
1900 15,294 28.6%
1910 22,198 45.1%
1920 23,539 6.0%
1930 29,890 27.0%
1940 31,450 5.2%
1950 36,457 15.9%
1960 41,989 15.2%
1970 39,184 −6.7%
1980 41,565 6.1%
1990 41,105 −1.1%
2000 45,087 9.7%
2010 46,389 2.9%
Est. 2012 46,528 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]


Gadsden County is unique in Florida in that it is the state's only county with an African American majority population. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,389 people residing in the county. 56.0% were Black or African American, 35.9% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 5.9% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 9.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 45,087 people, 15,867 households, and 11,424 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 17,703 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.14% Black or African American, 38.70% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.76% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 6.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,867 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.50% were married couples living together, 22.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,248, and the median income for a family was $36,238. Males had a median income of $27,159 versus $21,721 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,499. About 16.40% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.50% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major Roads[edit]

  • I-10.svg Interstate 10 is the main west-to-east interstate highway in the county, and serves as the unofficial dividing line between northern and southern Gadsden County. It contains four interchanges within the county; CR 270A (Exit 166), SR 12 (Exit 174), SR 267 (Exit 181), and US 90 (Exit 192).
  • US 90.svg US 90 was the main west-to-east highway in the county, until it was surpassed by I-10. It runs from the Victory Bridge in Chatahoochee in the northwest, and then southeast through Gretna, Douglas City, and Quincy before finally leaving the county east of Midway into Leon County.
  • US 27.svg US 27 is the sole south-to-north U.S. highway running through the northeastern part of the county.
  • Florida 12.svg State Road 12
  • Florida 65.svg State Road 65
  • Florida 159.svg State Road 159
  • Florida 267.svg State Road 267

Railroads[edit]

Gadsden County has at least four existing railroad lines, three of which are owned by CSX. The first two CSX lines being P&A Subdivision, a line formerly owned by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, and the other is the Tallahassee Subdivision, a former Seaboard Air Line Railroad line. These two lines meet in Chatahoochee and served Amtrak's Sunset Limited until it was truncated to New Orleans in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. A third line is the Apalachicola Northern Railroad, a line that spans as far south as Port St. Joe. The line enters from Liberty County, then crosses SR 12 in Greensborough, runs under I-10, follows CR 268 in Hardaway, and then turns west into Chatahoochee. The fourth line is the third CSX Line, the Bainbridge Subdivision, which runs along the west side of US 27 from Leon County by way of a bridge over the Ochlockonee River to the Georgia State Line. While some spurs still exist, other lines within the county were abandoned.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  • Gadsden: a Florida County in Word and Picture, by Miles Kenan Womack, Jr.

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°35′N 84°37′W / 30.58°N 84.61°W / 30.58; -84.61