Gaelicisation is the act or process of making something Gaelic, or gaining characteristics of the Gaels. The Gaels are an ethno-linguistic group who are traditionally viewed as having spread from Ireland to Scotland and the Isle of Man. "Gaelic", as a linguistic term, refers to the Gaelic languages, but can also refer to the transmission of any other Gaelic cultural feature such as social norms and customs, music, sport etc.
Examples of Gaelicisation in history include the Picts, Hiberno-Normans, Scoto-Normans and Norse-Gaels. Today, Gaelicisation, or more often re-Gaelicisation, of placenames, surnames and given names is often a deliberate effort to help promote the growth of the modern languages.
- Norman Ireland
- More Irish than the Irish themselves
- Old English (Ireland)
- Scotland in the High Middle Ages
- Statutes of Kilkenny
- Ball, Martin J. & Fife, James (eds.) The Celtic Languages (Routledge Language Family Descriptions Series), (2002)
- MacLysaght, Edward. More Irish Families. Irish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7165-0126-0. Retrieved 2006-11-20.
Some became completely integrated, giving rise to the well known phrase 'Hiberniores Hibernis ipsis' (more Irish than the Irish themselves). These formed septs on the Gaelic-Irish pattern, headed by a chief.
- "Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland Part 5 X. The Vikings and Normans". Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- The Necessity for De-Anglicising Ireland by Douglas Hyde
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