Gaetano Giardino

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Gaetano Giardino (24 January 1864 – 21 November 1935) was an Italian soldier that rose to the rank of Marshal of Italy during World War I.[1]

Life[edit]

Born in Montemagno he attended the Italian Military Academy of Modena, then was named Lieutenant of 8th Bersaglieri regiment. In the late 80s of 19th century he joined the Italian forces that were fighting in Eritrea and Sudan and in 1894 he fought in Kassala. He was later named Captain and became a company commander of 6th Bersaglieri regiment. In the early years of 20th century he was named chief of the staff of two different Italian divisions then at the outbreak of the Italo-Turkish War he was named “Sotto capo di Stato Maggiore” ( vice chief of the staff ) of the Italian expedition forces.

World War I[edit]

In the spring of 1915 when Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary he was named chief of the staff of the IV Army Corp then of the II Army Corps. He later assumed the duty of commander of the 48th Division, then he was named commander of two different Army Corps. After the Battle of Caporetto and the subsequent changes in Italian highest military positions he became a close adviser of Armando Diaz with the duty to maintain the relations with the other Triple Entente powers. April 1918 he was named commander of the 4th Army the Army of Monte Grappa. In the Battle of Solstizio his army was able to stop the Austrian offensive. During the Battle of Vittorio Veneto the troops under Giardino's leadership were the first Italian troops to attack the Austrian front in order to force the Austrian general staff to use the reserve troops against the Italians on Monte Grappa, facilitating the attack along the Piave River that took place three days later. After the armistice of Villa Giusti Giardino’s 4th was disbanded.

Later life[edit]

Between 1923 and 1924 he was named governor of the free state of Rijeka. In 1926 he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy. He died in Torino in 1935 and he is buried together with his soldiers in the war cemetery of Monte Grappa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.montegrappa.org/grande_guerra/giardino_gaetano.php a webpage dedicated to Marshal Giardino