Gaffneys Creek, Victoria

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Gaffneys Creek
Victoria
Gaffneys Creek Phone Booth.JPG
Gaffneys Creek
Gaffneys Creek is located in Shire of Mansfield
Gaffneys Creek
Gaffneys Creek
Coordinates 37°28′S 146°11′E / 37.467°S 146.183°E / -37.467; 146.183Coordinates: 37°28′S 146°11′E / 37.467°S 146.183°E / -37.467; 146.183
Postcode(s) 3723
LGA(s) Shire of Mansfield
State electorate(s) Benalla
Federal Division(s) Indi

Gaffneys Creek is a former mining locality situated between Jamieson and Woods Point in Victoria, Australia. It is located at the junction of Gaffney and Raspberry Creeks in a steep valley in mountainous terrain. It is situated in the Shire of Mansfield.

History[edit]

A prospector from the Big River area to the east, Terence “Red” Gaffney, was the first to actively search the area for gold, followed by two others who discovered alluvial gold at Raspberry Creek in 1859.[1]

A string of small villages later appeared in the valley, and these were subsequently amalgamated and collectively named Lauraville by the Government Surveyor in honour of his wife, Laura. The Post Office (called Gaffneys Creek) opened on 1 January 1862 and closed in 1981. A Lauraville Office was open from 1902 until 1910.[2]

The name "Lauraville" was changed to Gaffneys Creek in 1900.

Alluvial mining was later replaced by reef mining, but none of these mines were to achieve the success of the nearby A1 Mine Settlement and by the turn of the century the population had dwindled.[1]

In 1980 the area of the original valley settlements was placed on the Register of the National Estate as a Conservation Area including early miners' cottages, a hall, stone retaining walls and a hotel which succumbed to a fire in 1993.[1]

In 1993, two escaped prisoners, Archie Butterley and Peter Gibb from the Melbourne Remand centre, and a prison guard who assisted them to escape drive to Gaffney's Creek to hide out. They stayed at the Gaffney's Creek Hotel and on the morning of March 12 a fire started in their room which resulted in the hotel being completely destroyed.[3]

In 2006 Gaffneys Creek was threatened by bushfires. Not much of the town remains anymore except a couple of houses which survived. The whole area was burnt including A1 Mine Settlement and Ten Mile.

The population within the locality has steadily declined over the years:

  • 1865: 1000
  • 1871: 502
  • 1911: 274
  • 1954: 91[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Gaffneys Creek, Victoria". Australian Places. Monash University. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  3. ^ http://www.fugitives.com.au/fugitives-articles/1993/3/14/escapee-dies-in-high-country-shootout/

External links[edit]

Media related to Gaffneys Creek, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons