Gafsa

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Gafsa
Gafsa.jpg
Gafsa is located in Tunisia
Gafsa
Gafsa
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 34°25′N 8°47′E / 34.417°N 8.783°E / 34.417; 8.783Coordinates: 34°25′N 8°47′E / 34.417°N 8.783°E / 34.417; 8.783
Country Tunisia
Governorate Gafsa
Population (2004)
 • Total 84,676
Time zone CET (UTC1)

Gafsa (Literary Arabic: قفصة Qafṣah ; Tunisian Arabic: ‎ [ˈqɑfsˤɑ] Qafṣa , southern accent: [ˈɡɑfsˤɑ] Gafṣa ) is the capital of Gafsa Governorate of Tunisia. It lends its Latin name to the Mesolithic Capsian culture. With a population of 84,676, it is the 9th-largest Tunisian city.

Overview[edit]

Gafsa is the capital of the south west of Tunisia and is both a historical oasis and home to the mining industry of Tunisia. The city had 84,676 inhabitants at the 2004 census.[1] The city lies 369 km (229 mi) by road southwest of Tunis. Its geographical coordinates are 34°25′N 8°47′E / 34.417°N 8.783°E / 34.417; 8.783.

History[edit]

Historical sites findings in Gafsa suggest a thriving Mesolithic civilization dating back more than 15,000 years. The Roman pools in Gafsa, still used today, are a testament to its old history. Oqba Ibn Nafi conquered Gafsa in 688, however he faced resistance from the Berbers.

In the second world war, Gafsa suffered heavy bombardment from the German/Italian & Allies armies and part of its Kasbah was destroyed.

Phosphate mines were discovered as early as 1886, and Gafsa today is home to one of the largest mines of phosphate in the world.

Gafsa has been a region with an active political voice all along its history, and various events have shaped its political contributions to the country across the various phases of modern Tunisia.

On January 27, 1980 a group of dissidents armed and trained by Libya occupied the city to contest the regime of Habib Bourguiba at the time. 48 people were killed in the battles.

In January 2011 Gafsa was the epicenter of a popular spontaneous uprising against the regime of president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. While the government was swift and brutal in attempting to suppress the uprising, this movement is today credited for being the first seeds of the revolution that enabled the Tunisians to remove Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from power and ignited the Arab spring in the rest of North Africa and the Middle East and beyond.

Transport[edit]

Gafsa – Ksar International Airport is located in the city.

Sport[edit]

El Gawafel Sportives de Gafsa.png

El Kawafel Sportives de Gafsa (Arabic: القوافل الرياضية بقفصة, often referred to as EGSG) is the main football club of Gafsa.

Media[edit]

Radio Stations : Radio Gafsa (Governmental) | Frequencies : 87.8 FM, 93.5 FM and 91.8 FM, Mines FM or Sawt Elmanajem (Private) | Frequencies : 90.9 FM

and other Government and Private Tunisian Radios Broadcast in Gafsa as Shems FM, RTCI, Youth Radio, Culture Radio, Zitouna, and the National Radio.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Gafsa is twinned with:

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gafsa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14
(58)
17
(62)
21
(69)
25
(77)
29
(85)
34
(94)
38
(101)
38
(100)
33
(92)
27
(81)
21
(69)
15
(59)
26
(78.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4
(39)
4
(40)
7
(45)
11
(51)
15
(59)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(65)
14
(58)
9
(48)
4
(40)
12.3
(54.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
23
(0.9)
15
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
15
(0.6)
158
(6.2)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Recensement de 2004 (Institut national de la statistique)
  2. ^ Vacca, Maria Luisa. "Comune di Napoli -Gemellaggi" [Naples - Twin Towns]. Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Gafsa, Tunisia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]