Gagarin, Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gagarin (English)
Гагарин (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Town of district significance[citation needed]
Г.Гагарин.Красная площадь. Памятник Ю.Гагарину и Казанская церковь..jpg
Monument to Yuri Gagarin in the town
Map of Russia - Smolensk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Smolensk Oblast in Russia
Gagarin is located in Smolensk Oblast
Gagarin
Gagarin
Location of Gagarin in Smolensk Oblast
Coordinates: 55°33′N 34°59′E / 55.550°N 34.983°E / 55.550; 34.983Coordinates: 55°33′N 34°59′E / 55.550°N 34.983°E / 55.550; 34.983
Coat of Arms of Gagarin city.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Smolensk Oblast[1]
Administrative center of Gagarinsky District[2]
Municipal status
Mayor[citation needed] Gennady Deyev[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 31,721 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 215010
Dialing code(s) +7 48135[citation needed]
Official website
Gagarin on WikiCommons

Gagarin (Russian: Гага́рин), known until 1968 as Gzhatsk (Гжатск), is a town and the administrative center of Gagarinsky District of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, situated on the Gzhat River, 240 kilometers (150 mi) northeast of Smolensk. Population: 31,721 (2010 Census);[3] 28,789 (2002 Census);[6] 28,867 (1989 Census).[7]

The town's former name is from that of the river Gzhat (Russian: Гжать), which is of Baltic origin (cf. Old Prussian gudde 'forest').[8]

History[edit]

On November 11, 1719 the settlement was transformed by a decree of Peter the Great to a transshipment landing stage (called Gzhatsky landing stage).[9] From the middle of the 18th century Gzhatsk was a sloboda, and in 1776 under a decree by Catherine the Great it was granted status of an uyezd town and received a coat of arms showing "a barge loaded with bread ready for departure, on a field argent", meaning that the town was a good landing stage for grain.

The town was built at the crossing of the Moscow road (east-west) and the Smolensk road (north-south, paralleling the river). By the plan of 1773, it was laid out in triangular form. One part paralleled the Gzhat river, another the road to Moscow, and the base of the triangle connected them.

Near Gzhatsk, in the village of Tsaryovo-Zaimishche on August 29, 1812, Kutuzov accepted command of the Russian army. On the day of Napoleon's invasion, the town was set on fire, and it burned for some days. Near Gzhatsk, Denis Davydov's guerrilla group started to operate. Russian troops entered the town again on November 2, 1812. When the town was rebuilt in 1817, the former regular layout was basically kept.

On November 13 [O.S. October 31], 1917, Soviet power was proclaimed in Gzhatsk and its district. A year later, there was a counterrevolutionary insurrection.

During World War II, the town housed a flax factory, a sawmill, a brickyard, a roller-mill, a bakehouse complex, a weaving factory, a power station, and artels.

In 1968, the town was renamed Gagarin in honor of the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, who was born in 1934 in the nearby village of Klushino.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Gagarin is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Администрация Смоленской области. Постановление №261 от 30 апреля 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области», в ред. Постановления №50 от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Administration of Smolensk Oblast. Resolution #261 of April 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #50 of February 5, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. ).
  2. ^ a b http://www.gagarinadmin.ru
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Е. М. Поспелов. Географические названия мира (Москва, 1998), стр. 110.
  9. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 102. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.