Gagarinite-(Ce)

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Gagarinite-(Ce)
General
Category Halide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
Na(REExCa1-x)(REEyCa1-y)F6
Strunz classification 03.AB.35
Crystal symmetry Trigonal - rhombohedral
H-M symbol: (3)
Space group: P3
Unit cell a = 6.099 Å, c = 11.064 Å, Z = 3
Identification
Color Colorless, pale pink, orange
Crystal habit Granular
Crystal system Trigonal
Cleavage None
Fracture Conchoidal
Tenacity Brittle
Mohs scale hardness 3.5
Luster Vitreous
Diaphaneity Transparent
Specific gravity 4.44 - 4.55
Optical properties Uniaxial (+)
Refractive index nω = 1.483 nε = 1.503
Birefringence δ = 0.020
References [1][2]

Gagarinite-(Ce) previously zajacite-(Ce) is a rare radioactive fluoride mineral with formula: Na(REExCa1-x)(REEyCa1-y)F6. REE refers to rare earth elements, mostly those belonging to the lanthanide series. It crystallizes in the trigonal - rhombohedral system and has a white vitreous appearance with a conchoidal fracture. It has a Mohs hardness of 3.5 and a specific gravity of 4.44 to 4.55. Zajacite is transparent with refractive indices of nω=1.483 and nε=1.503.[2] Gagarinite-(Y) is a yttrium rich analog.

It occurs as creamy to white anhedral to subhedral grains in pegmatite and aplite pods or lenses in a peralkaline igneous intrusion.

It was discovered in 1993 at Strange Lake, Quebec - Labrador, (56°20'N, 64°10'W) and was initially named for Ihor Stephan Zajac, who led the expedition responsible for its discovery, and who first recognized the presence of the new mineral. The mineral was renamed gagarinite-(Ce) in 2010 by the IMA.[1][3] The new name is for Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968).[1]

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