Gagauz language

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Gagauz
Gagauz dili, Gagauzca
Native to Moldova, Ukraine, Russia, Turkey
Region Gagauzia
Native speakers
170,000  (2000–2007)[1]
Turkic
  • Oghuz
    • Western Oghuz
      • Gagauz
Latin (Gagauz alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
 Gagauzia
Recognised minority language in
 Moldova
 Ukraine
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gag
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Gagauz (Gagauz dili, Gagauzca) is a Turkic language spoken by the ethnic Gagauz people of Moldova, Ukraine, Russia, and Turkey, and it is the official language of the Autonomous Region of Gagauzia in Moldova. Gagauz belongs to the Oghuz branch of Turkic languages, alongside Azeri, Turkmen, Crimean Tatar, and Turkish. Gagauz has two dialects, Bulgar Gagauzi and Maritime Gagauzi. Gagauz is a distinct language from Balkan Gagauz Turkish.[2]

Alphabet[edit]

It appears that the first alphabet to be used for the language was the Greek alphabet[3] in the late 19th century. For example, orientalist Otto Blau claims that plays of Euripides had been translated into the Gagauz language and had been written with Greek letters.[4]

Beginning in 1957, Cyrillic was used up until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Gagauz currently uses a Latin-based alphabet, modeled after the modern Turkish alphabet, with the addition of two letters: ä to represent the sound of [æ] (as ə in Azeri) and ț or ţ to represent the sound [ts] (as in Romanian).

Latin alphabet[edit]

A a Ä ä B b C c Ç ç D d E e Ê ê
F f G g H h I ı İ i J j K k L l
M m N n O o Ö ö P p R r S s Ş ş
T t Ţ ţ U u Ü ü V v Y y Z z

Cyrillic alphabet (historical)[edit]

А а Ä ä Б б В в Г г Д д Е е Ё ё
Ж ж Ӂ ӂ З з И и Й й К к Л л М м
Н н О о Ö ö П п Р р С с Т т У у
Ӱ ӱ Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ Ъ ъ
Ы ы Ь ь Э э Ю ю Я я

See also[edit]

Gagauzia Flag

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gagauz at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (ed.) (2009). "Language Family Trees: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish". Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Dallas, TX: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  3. ^ M. Ciachir. Basarabialâ gagauzlarân istoriassi / Chișinău: 1933, p. 133
  4. ^ Măcriș, Anatol. Găgăuzii / Bucharest: Editura PACO, 2008, p. 71.


Further reading[edit]

  • Ulutaş, İsmail. 2004. Relative clauses in Gagauz syntax. Istanbul: Isis Press. ISBN 975-428-283-8
  • Shabashov A.V., 2002, Odessa, Astroprint, "Gagauzes: terms of kinship system and origin of the people", (Шабашов А.В., "Гагаузы: система терминов родства и происхождение народа")

External links[edit]