Gage, Oklahoma

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Gage, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Gage, Oklahoma
Location of Gage, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°19′5″N 99°45′26″W / 36.31806°N 99.75722°W / 36.31806; -99.75722Coordinates: 36°19′5″N 99°45′26″W / 36.31806°N 99.75722°W / 36.31806; -99.75722
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Ellis
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation -2,146 ft (-654 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 442
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (400/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73843
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-28250[1]
GNIS feature ID 1093087[2]

Gage is a town in Ellis County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 442 at the 2010 census. Located in the central part of Ellis County on State Highway 46, thirteen miles north of Arnett, the county seat, and on Highway 15, twenty-one miles southwest of Woodward, Gage developed primarily because of transportation access. The military road from Fort Supply to Fort Elliott/Mobeetie, Texas, passed near the future town, and two miles to the northwest a stage stop existed at the confluence of Little Wolf and Wolf creeks. In 1887 the Southern Kansas Railway (later part of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) had constructed a line across northwestern Oklahoma from Kansas to the Texas Panhandle. A station called Gage, for a Chicago railroad financier, was established in July near Wolf Creek. Once the domain of various Plains Indian groups, by that time this region had become part of the Cherokee Outlet, opened to settlement by a land run in September 1893. Santa Fe railroad depot, Gage OK, 1906

After that, Woodward County included the site of future Gage. A year after the run several settlers, including John Barr and Frederick D. Webster, took up land near the railroad stop. A post office was designated in February 1895, with Webster as postmaster. By 1898 the community was big enough to support a half dozen stores, a hotel, and a sawmill. In 1901 activity surrounding the opening of the Kiowa-Comanche-Apache lands, to the south, attracted new people to the town and farmers to purchase land nearby. The town's residents voted to incorporate a six-block area in May 1904. Eighteen months later, anti-liquor campaigner and Guthrie resident Carrie Nation, on one of her lecture tours through Oklahoma Territory, made a brief visit to Gage's saloons and met a cold reception. In 1907, when Ellis County was created, taking in this part of Woodward County, Gage's 1907 population stood at 755 and in 1910 at 924, the all-time peak.

The growing community served as a cattle and grain shipping point for the surrounding area. Prosperity in the first decade after incorporation attracted two banks, five lumberyards, and more than two dozen retail establishments. Two cotton gins, a roller mill, and three elevators served farmers. The Brennecke Metal Manufacturing Company made water and stock tanks. A theater and the Wolf Valley Cornet Band provided entertainment. Travelers patronized three hotels and five restaurants. Residents could attend any one of three churches, and children attended a large school building.

Like most rural centers, Gage suffered a decline in the World War I years, but the ideally located railroad town remained viable, as it was some distance from towns of any size. Newspapers serving the residents have included the Ellis County Advocate, the Ellis County Republican, the Gage Banner, and the Gage Record, with the latter continuing in existence at the end of the twentieth century. In 1920 the town had 804 inhabitants

Because of the flat terrain and good weather, the U.S. Army maintained a 720-acre bomber-pilot training field outside Gage during World War II. In the 1940s and 1950s Gage supported two dozen retail stores, gasoline stations, and other commercial establishments. The 1940 census recorded 684 inhabitants, and the 1960 census, 482.

After paved highways allowed commuting to jobs in Woodward and Shattuck, Gage's population rose to 536 and 667 in 1970 and 1980, respectively. Folk artist Jim Powers, whose "junk yard art" is created in welded metal, makes Gage his base of operations. The Bank of Gage building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NR 83004169). Ranching and farming are still the community's economic mainstay. A commercial airport still operated in 2000, using the former military runways. In 1904 National Weather Service established a regional climate station at Gage, and the station served the Civil Aviation Authority/FAA at the airport from 1939. The FAA portion of the facility moved to McAlester in the 1990s, but the weather service maintained an unmanned station at the Gage location, which by 2004 had been gathering weather data for a century. After declining to 473 in 1990, Gage finished the twentieth century with a population of 429. February, 2012, Gage had its first large business to open shop in many years. MAALT TRANSPORT, a rapidly expanding oil & gas service company based in Fort Worth, Texas. Oil & Gas field truck operation, including sand hauling. Currently operating 45 trucks and have built a large yard/operation on the east side of Gage, next to the Gage Cemetery and Highway 15. Gage is home of Oklahoma’s “largest outdoor swimming pool.” Adjacent to the pool, is a clear, spring-fed lake that’s about the size of five football fields. See Gage Artesian Beach Below

Geography[edit]

Gage is located at 36°19′5″N 99°45′26″W / 36.31806°N 99.75722°W / 36.31806; -99.75722 (36.318024, -99.757206).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land. Gage is located on the banks of Wolf Creek. Gage is also home of an artestian lake and swimming pool called Gage Beach. Petroleum exploration came to the Gage area in 1917, bringing jobs. When a well drilled on the C. J. Minton farm produced only artesian water, the landowner created a swimming and boating area for the public. The city acquired Gage Artesian Beach in 1939, constructed a bathhouse and boat dock, and continued to operate the park till the National Park Service became involved. In 1918 while drilling for oil artesian water was struck.[4] There was once a motel on the springs and travelers came from afar to soak in the springs. The water is not drinkable or used for irrigation due to high in mineral content. Now the springs are protected by the National Parks and Wildlife. Originally the artesian spring pumped 1700 gallons per minute. 2009 the spring is capped somewhat and is only outputting 400 gallons a minute.[5] Much work was done in 2012 on the rebuilding the banks of the Gage Beach. Output of the spring has possibly been increased and currently the spring fed lake is fuller than it has been for the past 12 years. Artesian Spring Coordinates: Latitude: 36.32139 Longitude: -99.74194

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gage, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
89
(32)
92
(33)
98
(37)
102
(39)
108
(42)
110
(43)
109
(43)
108
(42)
99
(37)
86
(30)
91
(33)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
52
(11)
58
(14)
72
(22)
80
(27)
91
(33)
94
(34)
94
(34)
87
(31)
75
(24)
60
(16)
52
(11)
71.9
(22.2)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
26
(−3)
30
(−1)
43
(6)
54
(12)
64
(18)
68
(20)
67
(19)
58
(14)
45
(7)
30
(−1)
24
(−4)
44.2
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C) −17
(−27)
−14
(−26)
−7
(−22)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
48
(9)
48
(9)
37
(3)
20
(−7)
7
(−14)
−5
(−21)
−17
(−27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.6
(15)
1.1
(28)
1.3
(33)
1.9
(48)
4.3
(109)
2.9
(74)
2.8
(71)
2.3
(58)
1.6
(41)
2.5
(64)
0.7
(18)
0.8
(20)
22.8
(579)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.7
(9.4)
4.4
(11.2)
3.6
(9.1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.2
(3)
2.2
(5.6)
15.3
(38.9)
Avg. rainy days 1.9 2.9 3.5 4.7 7 5.5 5.3 4.6 3.2 4.3 1.8 2.4 47.1
 % humidity 61 63 60 57 65 59 61 58 56 59 61 63 60
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 924
1920 804 −13.0%
1940 684
1960 482
1970 536 11.2%
1980 667 24.4%
1990 473 −29.1%
2000 429 −9.3%
2010 442 3.0%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 429 people, 197 households, and 121 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,032.8 people per square mile (394.4/km²). There were 223 housing units at an average density of 536.9 per square mile (205.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.97% White, 1.40% Native American, 0.93% Asian, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.

There were 197 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,795, and the median income for a family was $32,750. Males had a median income of $22,788 versus $13,929 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,706. About 15.4% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences By Washington Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.), Washington Academy of Sciences, Washington Academy of Sciences Published by Washington Academy of Sciences, 1922 Item notes: v.12 (1922) Original from Harvard University
  5. ^ gallons info from long term City of Gage employee
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Gage, Oklahoma, United States". 

External links[edit]