Location of Gagra District in Abkhazia
|• Governor||Grigori Enik (acting)|
|• Total||772 km2 (298 sq mi)|
|• Density||48/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+3)|
Gagra District is a district of Abkhazia.[notes 1] It corresponds to the Georgian district by the same name. In medieval times, it was known as the southern part of Sadzen. It is located in the western part of Abkhazia, and the river Psou serves as a border with Krasnodar Krai of Russia. Its capital is Gagra, the town by the same name. The population of the Gagra town zone in 1989 was 77,079, but this number dropped dramatically following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 1992-1993 war in Abkhazia, (including the ethnic cleansing of Georgians), to 37,002 at the time of the 2003 census. Ethnic Armenians now constitute a plurality in the district.
In December 2002, Grigori Enik was appointed Head of the State Customs Committee, he was succeeded by Valeri Bganba. On 25 May 2006, Bganba was released from office by President Bagapsh upon his own request, and succeeded by Astamur Ketsba. In turn, after the election of Alexander Ankvab, on 6 September 2011 Ketsba was dismissed upon his own request and temporarily replaced by his deputy Teimuraz Kapba. On 15 November, Grigori Enik, who had previously headed the Presidential Administration, was appointed Acting Head of Gagra District. On 28 May 2012, Enik was permanently appointed.
List of heads of the administration
|Ruslan Iazychba||≤1994||≥1997||Vladislav Ardzinba|
|Grigori Enik||≤2000||December 2002|
|Valeri Bganba||December 2002||||12 February 2005|
|12 February 2005||25 May 2006||||Sergei Bagapsh|
|Astamur Ketsba||25 May 2006||||29 May 2011|
|29 May 2011||6 September 2011||||Alexander Ankvab|
|Teimuraz Kapba||6 September 2011||||15 November 2011||Acting|
|Grigori Enik||15 November 2011||||Present|
According to 2003 census, the population of the district included:
- Armenians (44.1%)
- Abkhaz (27.7%)
- Russians (20.0%)
- Georgians (3.3%)
- Greeks (0.7%)
The district's main settlements are:
The district is mostly mountainous except for the Bzyb lowland in the southern part of it (where Pitsunda is located) and is crossed by several ranges (Gagra, Arabika and others).
- Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
- Population censuses in Abkhazia: 1886, 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2003 (Russian)
- "Новые назначения в правительстве Абхазии". Caucasian Knot (in Russian). 18 December 2002. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Бганба Валерий Рамшухович". Caucasian Knot. 24 April 2003. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Regnum.ru администрации Гагрского района Абхазии назначен Астамур Кецба, 26.05.2006
- "Астамур Кецба освобожден от должности главы Администрации Гагрского района на основании личного заявления". Apsnypress. 6 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Григорий Еник назначен исполняющим обязанности главы администрации Гагрского района". Apsnypress. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- "Григорий Еник назначен главой администрации Гагрского района". Gagra District Administration. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.