Gahlot

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Gahlot is a gotra (clan) of India. The variations of the name include Gehlot, Guhila, Gohil or Guhilot. It is associated with the Rajput and jat community, and Gahlot Rajputs once ruled in Banswara, Dungarpur, Mewar, Pratapgarh and Shahpura. These areas were all in the region now known as the state of Rajasthan.[1]

First Jauhar of Chittor[edit]

Ala ud din Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, sent a marauding army across India in the 14th century CE; this army, commanded by Malik Kafur, defeated the Guhilot rulers of Mewar in 1303. The impending fall of Chittorgarh, the main bastion of the Guhilots, occasioned the famous Jauhar of 1303 AD.,[2][page needed] when the womenfolk, led by Rani Padmini,[3][full citation needed] collectively committed suicide rather than risk personal dishonor at the hands of the victorious invading army.

The Gehlots settled in Ahar,[4][page needed] where they were known as Aharya.

Gahlot Jats[edit]

Gahlot (गहलोत) Gehlot (गेहलोत) Gehlod (गेहलोद) Gahlaut (गहलौत) Gehlaut (गहलौत) Gehlawat (गेहलावत)[1] Gahlawat (गहलावत) Gahlot (गहलोट) Gaihlot (गैहलोट) [2] Gahlawat (गहलावत) Guhilaut (गुहिलौत) Gahlat (गहलात) Gahlat (गहलत) Guhil (गुहिल)[3][4] is Gotra found among the Jats in India in Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

Origin of Gahlot Jats[edit]

Guhilaut gotra is said to be started after Guhadatta (गुहदत्त) which became Gahlaut. [5] They call themselves the descendants of Suryavanshi Rama Chandra, but their descent is believed to be from Balvanshi ruler named Gupta.

History of Gahlot Jats[edit]

Megasthenes has described about this clan in Indica as Gallitalutae. He writes, Then next to these towards the Indus come, in an order which is easy to follow The Amatae (Antal), Bolingae (Balyan), Gallitalutae (Gahlot), Dimuri (Dahiya), Megari (Maukhari), Ordabae (Buria), Mese (Matsya). (See -Jat_clans_as_described_by_Megasthenes) It is mentioned that Balvanshi Bhattarak King saved the Maurya kings by re-strengthening their power. Bhattarak ruled from 512 to 525 Vikram Samvat. According to "Corpus Inscription Antiquary" Page 169, based on a rock inscription inscribed in 569 Vikram. Bhattark Gupta Balvanshi had four sons-Dharsen, Dronasen, Dhruwasen and Dharpatsen. Each one of them succeeded to the throne one after another, and they were given titles of Maha Samant, Mahapratihar, Mahakartak and Maharaj. Gohasen son of Dharpatsen was a follower of Vaishnavism, but he had faith in Buddhism too. His descendents are called Gahlawat. Several legends are very well known about Doha and Bappa Rawal. The dynasty is supposed to have migrated from Balabhipur. There was one Naga Datta among the descendants of Goha who was killed by the Bhils. His young son, who later on became known as Kalbhoj Bappa Rawal, joined the army of the Jat Raja Man Indra of Chittorgarh and ultimately rose to the position of commander of his army. Proving to be very brave and loyal, he was ultimately declared heir apparent to the throne and finally became the ruler of the kingdom. The Gahlot gotra is found both among the Jats and the Rajputs. There is, however, no doubt, that Bhattarak was a Maurya Jat dynasty. It existed before the birth of the Rajputs. If Bappa Rawal were not a Jat, Jat Raja Mann Indra would not have adopted him as his son. He maintained the title of the Rana. During the Rajput era, they joined them and started being called Rajputs. Goha was the grandson of Bhattarak and son of Dhropat Sen. He was married in the Gupta dynasty. Godhes are a sub-tribe and branch of Godhas. According to H.A. Rose[6] Jat clans derived from Gahlot are: Godara.

Distribution of Gahlot Jats[edit]

Distribution in Haryana

They are found in Districts Jhajjar, Rohtak (रोहतक) Palwal and Sonipat in Haryana. Villages in Sonipat district- Farmana, Ridhau, Mojamnagar, Guhna, Mahipur, Saleempur maajraa, Villages in Jhajjar district- Jaundhi (ज्योणधी), Talao (तलाव) Villages in Palwal district- Sihaul, Distribution in Delhi-

Villages in Delhi- Dabri, Kakrola, Mitraon, Nangloi, Nawada, Distribution in Uttar Pradesh-

Villages in Ghaziabad district- Bhadaula , Lalifpur Tibra , Villages in Hapur district Manak Chowk, Distribution in Uttarakhand-

Villages in Haridwar district- Bahadarpur Jat, Distribution in Madhya Pradesh-

Villages in Bhopal district- Bhopal, Villages in Raisen district Pagneshwar (Raisen) Distribution in Rajasthan-

Villages in Sikar district- Kerpura Sikar, Purana Bas (20), Locations in Jaipur- Jyoti Nagar, DCM,Ajmer Road,

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lodha, Sanjay (2012). "Subregions, Identity, and Nature of Political Competition in Rajasthan". In Kumar, Ashutosh. Rethinking State Politics in India: Regions Within Regions. Routledge. p. 400. ISBN 9781136704000. 
  2. ^ Karkra, B. K. (2009). Rani Padmini The Heroine Of Chittor. Rupa & Company. ISBN 9788129115270. 
  3. ^ Aanald Webb, Rani Padmini Of Chittore : A Historical Romance
  4. ^ Rajasthan Government, Rajasthan district Gazetteers: Dungarpur (1962)