Gaižiūnai

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Gaižiūnai
Village
The old train station
The old train station
Gaižiūnai is located in Lithuania
Gaižiūnai
Gaižiūnai
Location of Gaižiūnai
Coordinates: 55°02′10″N 24°19′50″E / 55.03611°N 24.33056°E / 55.03611; 24.33056Coordinates: 55°02′10″N 24°19′50″E / 55.03611°N 24.33056°E / 55.03611; 24.33056
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Kaunas County flag.png Kaunas County
Municipality Jonava district municipality
Eldership Dumsiai eldership
First mentioned 1604
Population (2001)
 • Total 179
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Gaižiūnai is a village in Jonava district municipality, Lithuania. It is situated on the Taurosta River, tributary of Neris, about 3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Jonava and 25 km (16 mi) northeast of Kaunas.[1] The railroad from Šiauliai forks into Kaunas and Vilnius near the village. Gaižiūnai is also known as a military base.

Military base[edit]

The old military training ground in Varėna could not be used by the Lithuanian Army as it was too close to the demarcation line with Poland and stirred Polish protests.[2] Therefore in 1930 the army bought some 80 km2 (31 sq mi) of land, mostly pine forest, bog, and sandy soil unsuitable for agriculture. The new training grounds included an airfield, railway connection, and numerous buildings for the soldiers.[2] In 1939, according to the Soviet–Lithuanian Mutual Assistance Treaty, about 5,000 Russian soldiers were stationed in the military base.[1][3] After World War II, the Soviets expanded the base and built a military town in Rukla. When Lithuania regained its independence the bases were adopted for its needs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Gaižiūnai". Encyclopedia Lituanica II. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 261–262. LCC 74-114275. 
  2. ^ a b (Lithuanian) Kviklys, Bronius (1965). Mūsų Lietuva II. Boston: Lietuvių enciklopedijos leidykla. p. 368. OCLC 3303503. 
  3. ^ (Lithuanian) Arvydas Anušauskas, et al., ed. (2005). Lietuva, 1940–1990. Vilnius: Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras. pp. 41–43. ISBN 9986-757-65-7.