Gaia (artist)

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Gaia (born 1988) is a Baltimore-based street artist, who is receiving significant museum showings and critical recognition.[1][2]

Born in New York City, his name derives from the Greek designation for “earth goddess,” and early in his career he used animal imagery to underscore his interest in bringing nature to urban landscapes.[3] Over the last several years he has been creating large-scale murals worldwide to engage the community where he works in a dialogue by using historical and sociological references to these neighborhoods.[4]

Early work[edit]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating one of his art works here

In 2007, while still in high school in New York, Gaia started wheat-pasting prints of his linoleum blocks in Bushwick, Williamsburg[disambiguation needed] and Chelsea.[5] His images included children, whose features gave them an other-worldly quality.[6] His animals included a horse and boar,
both endowed with human hands and torsos. He participated in several successful shows in Bushwick at Ad Hoc Art.

According to the artist himself, much of his early work was inspired by a sense of looming environmental calamity. In 2011, he stated that
“I wanted to express this strange un-locatable feeling of fear about the end of the world - my generation’s zeitgeist of global warming.”[7]

Baltimore[edit]

After graduating from high school in June 2007, Gaia moved to Baltimore and studied for four years at the Maryland Institute College of Art, where he broadened his iconography. For example, he included images of his grandfather, or a rooster holding the head of St. John the Baptist.[8][9]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating one of his art works in Baltimore here.

Gaia also developed an interest in the evolution of urban neighborhoods. He began incorporating portraits of influential, and sometimes controversial urban developers: people such as Nelson Rockefeller, Robert Moses, Henry Flagler, James Rouse, Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe.

These men built highways, skyscrapers and housing projects. Collectively and irrevocably, they altered our perception of public space. For this reason, Gaia layered them into his urban murals.[10][11]

2011 Highlights[edit]

In March 2011 Gaia had two solo exhibitions in Chicago co-organized by Maxwell-Colette Gallery and Pawnworks, which included a large-scale installation in the Art Loop at Adams and State.[12]

In May 2011, the Jonathan LeVine Gallery in New York City presented Succession, a solo exhibition of Gaia's work.[13]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating his Miami art works here

In the summer, Gaia created an edition of a raven titled Forevermore and donated it to
the Edgar Allan Poe House and Museum in Baltimore, which had lost its funding.
The Poe House is located in an area which includes subsidized housing.[14]

When a 50 foot-poster of Gaia’s image was wheat-pasted in the neighborhood, it became a photo-op location for local residents.[15] The image was also hung at Case[werks] Showroom & Gallery, for its own fundraising event.

In September 2011, Gaia was commissioned to create a mural for Wynwood Doors for Art Basel/Miami. He chose to do a portrait
of Henry Flagler, a railroad magnate who established the historically black neighborhood Overtown in central Miami.[16]

Gaia was one of the artists that took part in The Underbelly Project which exhibited at Art Basel/Miami.[17][18]

2012[edit]

Gaia curated Open Walls Baltimore (OWB) which was generously backed by the PNC Community Foundation and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts.[19][20] The mayor of Baltimore, Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, attended the March 6 launch party for the OWB project at The Windup Space.

Gaia created the first two murals for Open Walls Baltimore at the corner of Charles and North Avenue. Maya Hayuk created the third mural, and other artists who participated were Swoon, Chris Stain, MOMO, Freddy Sam, Jaz, Jetsonoarma, Overunder, Vhils, Nanook, Mata Ruda, Specter, Interesni Kaski, Ever, Doodles, John Ahearn and Sten & Lex.[21] In addition, discussion events included Monica Campana of Living Walls and Jane Golden of Philadelphia Mural Arts.[22][23]

These internationally renowned artists created public murals in the Station North Arts and Entertainment District as a quick pick-me-up for a transitional neighborhood that houses both young artists who attend the nearby Maryland Institute College of Art, and economically challenged long term residents. The mural project will be akin to one in Miami’s Wynwood district, going beyond the typical haphazard spray paint or wheatpaste to create an art destination.[24]

In September Gaia was invited to create a large installation at the Baltimore Museum of Art Contemporary Wing which reopened on November 17 after having been closed for several years for a major renovation. The project explored a recurring Gaia theme focusing on the residents of a neighborhood located near the BMA known as Remington. Eleven portraits of Remington residents float on a huge linoleum block print of rowhouses on one wall. On the opposite wall is another linoleum block print of rowhouses on which Gaia created a Gauguin-inspired portrait of a woman holding a mango.[25] Kristen Hileman, the museum's curator of contemporary art, said the museum sought to commission an installation by Gaia not only because of his artistic skills, but because of the social and political messages in his work and his mission to connect people in urban landscapes.[26]

2013[edit]

South African street artist Freddy Sam hosted Gaia, Know Hope and Jaz in January to create murals in Johannesburg and Cape Town. Gaia was also invited to participate in mural festivals in Montreal, Bushwick, Richmond, Rochester, Sheboygan and Vladivostok. Rice Gallery at Rice University, Houston, Texas which specializes in site-specific installations presented a solo exhibition titled Marshland for Gaia from September 26 through December 8 and commissioned a documentary film.[27][28][29]

External video
You can watch a 7 minute documentary on Gaia's exhibition at the Rice University Art Gallery here.

2014[edit]

In February Gaia participated in the 2014 Pow Wow Hawaii mural festival in Honolulu. This was Pow Wow's fourth year and Gaia was invited to create a mural and a painting whose images referenced Hawaii's pre-colonial culture. Andrew Hosne of Thinkspace was enlisted by event director Jasper Wong to curate an exhibit for the participants'paintings at the Honolulu Museum of Art School, titled Pow! Wow! Exploring the New Contemporary Art Movement.[30]

After returning from Hawaii, Gaia immediately went to work on curating the second Open Walls Baltimore festival in the Station North Arts District where he created his own mural on the side of a Korean rice cake factory on N Charles Street. There was some controversy with regard to the community reception and the under representation of female artists.[31]

Once Open Wall Baltimore 2 was underway, Gaia left for Perth, Australia to participate in a street art mural event called Public organized by the not for profit Form.[32]

After returning from Australia Gaia will be heading to Greenville, SC where he has been commissioned to create a mural for an event called Year of Altruism coinciding with the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht usually seen as the beginning of the Holocaust. The proposed design, with references to textile mills and a landscape with lilies, is meant to recognize the generosity of the altruistic people involved in the textile industry.[33]

Critical Reception[edit]

Gaia has been an identified as a rising star in the art world, with solo exhibitions in New York City; Los Angeles; Washington, D.C.; Chicago; San Francisco; Miami; Baltimore; and Seoul, Korea.

In 2008, The New York Times announced that "among the names you’ll see again and again these days is Gaia...he’s an artist-of-the-moment, and prints of his that were for sale at a recent exhibition at Ad Hoc Art in Bushwick sold out."[34]

The Baltimore Sun declared him a "critically acclaimed emerging artist with gallery shows in Chicago, New York and Washington and street art from Madrid to Seoul."[35] The Baltimore Sun also noted that "Gaia never loses his playfulness or spontaneity," and hailed his "evolution into pieces that connect deeply to a defined city area. Even the transcendental figures take on new meaning."[36]

Grist Magazine hailed Gaia’s arrival "into the inner sanctum of the art world. Galleries from Washington, D.C., to Chicago, San Francisco, and L.A. have exhibited his work. In September, he spent several weeks in Miami, contributing a mural to Wynwood Walls."[37]

Urbanite Magazine noted that Gaia's art can be found in cities from San Francisco to Seoul, Korea. He has had numerous gallery shows exhibiting both his street art and his studio work. His prolific pace and sophisticated execution have earned him a spot in a recent anthology titled Beyond the Street: The 100 Leading Figures in Urban Art. His success is such that he is now straddling the line between street artist and gallery art star."[38]

Our Urban Times predicted that Gaia "will no doubt be part of the art establishment of tomorrow."[39]

Kristen Hileman, curator of contemporary art at the Baltimore Museum of Art, said “This is an artist who wasn’t just tagging things and doing a quick hit in an urban site,” Hileman says. “This is a person engaged with the health of the city as an ecosystem and wanting to see the abandoned buildings of Baltimore used for a better purpose than they were.”[40] She says that Gaia has the self-awareness to know that part of his role as an artist is to, like Gauguin, live in a culture that really isn't his own.[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/03/09/travel/09weekend.html
  2. ^ http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2011-07-11/entertainment/bal-unmasked-gaia-the-street-artist-specializing-in-leatherclad-roosters-cradling-john-the-baptists-head-20110708_1_gaia-roosters-mica-student
  3. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  4. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-04-09/perth-street-art-festival/5377540
  5. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/26/nyregion/26posters.html
  6. ^ http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/03/09/travel/09weekend.html
  7. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  8. ^ http://www.urbanitebaltimore.com/baltimore/the-oracle/Content?oid=1309311
  9. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  10. ^ http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/movies/bs-ae-gaia-profile-20110521,0,747425.story
  11. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  12. ^ http://oururbantimes.com/arts/art-or-illegal-act-gaia-street-artist-crosses-chicagos-cultural-boundaries
  13. ^ http://jonathanlevinegallery.com/?method=Exhibit.ExhibitDescriptionPast&ExhibitID=A2525750-0DC5-58DE-5B726610EC4E3314
  14. ^ http://m.urbanitebaltimore.com/baltimore/help-comes-tapping/Content?oid=1448633
  15. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  16. ^ http://articles.philly.com/2012-01-22/news/30653027_1_street-art-art-basel-murals/3
  17. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/01/arts/design/01underbelly.html?pagewanted=all
  18. ^ http://newyork.timeout.com/things-to-do/this-week-in-new-york/2565129/we-own-the-night-the-art-of-the-underbelly-project
  19. ^ http://www.urbanitebaltimore.com/baltimore/underground-upsurge/Content?oid=1470053
  20. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/museums/open-walls-tags-baltimores-station-north-district-as-an-it-neighborhood/2012/05/17/gIQAmUyPYU_story.html
  21. ^ http://baltimore.about.com/b/2012/03/06/open-walls-baltimore-will-spread-murals-across-station-north.htm
  22. ^ http://www.baltimorebrew.com/2012/03/06/can-big-bold-murals-bring-value-to-baltimores-vacants/
  23. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/open-walls-baltimore-street-art-to-revitalize-a-neighborhood/2012/04/03/gIQAkrjssS_blog.html
  24. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/open-walls-baltimore-street-art-to-revitalize-a-neighborhood/2012/04/03/gIQAkrjssS_blog.html
  25. ^ http://socialreader.com/me/channels/76421/content/KbH45
  26. ^ http://socialreader.com/me/channels/76421/content/KbH45
  27. ^ http://news.rice.edu/2013/09/12/new-installation-by-street-artist-gaia-opens-at-rice-gallery-sept-26/
  28. ^ https://walleyfilms.wordpress.com/tag/street-art/
  29. ^ http://houstonmuseumdistrict.org/events/4398/
  30. ^ http://www.honolulumagazine.com/Honolulu-Magazine/February-2014/Street-Art-In-A-Museum-Pow-Wow-Hawaii-Gets-Some-Respect/
  31. ^ http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/bthesite/bs-ae-open-walls-baltimore-20140401,0,3914941.story?page=1
  32. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-04-09/perth-street-art-festival/5377540
  33. ^ http://greenvillenewssc.sc.newsmemory.com/publink.php?shareid=3b3500b15
  34. ^ http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/03/09/travel/09weekend.html
  35. ^ http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2011-07-11/entertainment/bal-unmasked-gaia-the-street-artist-specializing-in-leatherclad-roosters-cradling-john-the-baptists-head-20110708_1_gaia-roosters-mica-student
  36. ^ http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/movies/bs-ae-gaia-profile-20110521,0,747425.story
  37. ^ http://www.grist.org/cities/2011-10-11-street-artists-see-the-city-as-their-canvas
  38. ^ http://www.urbanitebaltimore.com/baltimore/the-oracle/Content?oid=1309311
  39. ^ http://oururbantimes.com/arts/art-or-illegal-act-gaia-street-artist-crosses-chicagos-cultural-boundaries
  40. ^ http://socialreader.com/me/channels/76421/content/KbH45
  41. ^ http://socialreader.com/me/channels/76421/content/KbH45