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Location of Gaibandha in Bangladesh
|• Total||2,114.77 km2 (816.52 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|• Summer (DST)||BDST (UTC+7)|
|Website||Gaibandha District portal|
Gaibandha (Bengali: গাইবান্ধা জেলা, Gaibandha Jela also Gaibandha Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division. Gaibandha was established in 1875. The literacy rate is 35.7%.
Gaibandha has a total area of 2114.77 km². It has boundaries with the Kurigram and Rangpur to the north, Bogra District to the south, Dinajpur and Rangpur districts to the west, and Jamalpur and Kurigram districts, and the Brahmaputra River to the east.
Literacy and educational institutions
The average literacy rate is 24.3%; among them: male 31.6% and female 16.5%. Among educational institutions, there are 3 government colleges, 41 non-government colleges, 4 government high schools, 287 non-government high schools, 31 junior high schools, 498 madrasas, 737 government primary schools, 546 non-government primary schools, 14 kindergartens, 83 satellite schools, 32 community schools, 1 primary teacher's training institute.
Gaibandha District is divided into 7 upazilas/thanas, which are further divided into 82 union parishads, and 1244 villages. The upazilas/thanas of the district are:
Included in these upazilas, there are 3 municipalities, which have a total of 18 wards and 56 mahallas. The municipalities are Gaibandha Sadar, Gobindaganj and Sundarganj.
Administrator of Zila Porishod: Syed Shamsul Alam (Hiru) 
Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md. Shahidul Islam
- Ahmed Hossain ( Chairman Rangpur District Board,Minister for Agriculture,Forest & Fisheries )
- Abu Hossain Sarker ( chief minister of The then East Pakistan ),
- Shah Abdul Hamid ( First Speaker of Bangladesh Jatiya Shangshad )
- Tulsi Lahiri ( Drama Writer,cultural and Social Workar )
- Sachin Chaki ( Sports Organizer )
- Mahabub Elahi Ronju,Bir Protik ( Valiant Freedom Fighter and Company Commander of the "Ronju Company" at Gaibandha area during the great Liberation War 1971)
- Akhteruzzaman Elias (writer)
The total population of the district is 2,138,181. Out of that, males constitute 50.75% and females 49.25%.
Most people of Gaibandha speak Bengali Dialects of Rangpur Region. People living in the southern portion (Shaghata and Govindaganj) have some accent of the dialects of Bogra region. A good many people of Char areas of Jamuna speak dialects of Mymensingh region.
The district of Gaibandha consists 3682 mosques, 335 temples, 26 churches and 15 Buddhist temples.
The main occupations of Gaibandha district are agriculture 44.45%, agricultural laborer 27.72%, wage laborer 2.58%, transport 1.89%, commerce 9.11%, service 4.49% and others 9.76%. Total cultivable lands are 149475 hectares, fallow land are 67565.16 hectares; the amount of crop: single crop 20.5%, double crop 58.5% and treble crop 21%; land under irrigation 27.16%. Main crops are Paddy, wheat, jute, sugarcane, potato, brinjal, mustard seed, chili, onion, garlic and vegetables. There are 277 poultries, 273 dairies, 245 fisheries, 5 hatcheries, 16 nurseries and 2 artificial cattle breeding centers.
There are 124 clubs, 11 public libraries, 25 theatre groups, 23 cultural organizations, 6 literary organizations, 18 women's organizations, 25 cinema halls and 6 theatre stages, 10 opera parties, 1 Shilpakala academy, 1 Shishu academy, 5 children organizations, 61 playgrounds.
Roads Of Gaibandha
The total measurements of all kinds of roads are: metal roads 365 km, semi metal 93 km, mud road 3684 km; waterways 64 nautical mile; railways 54 km; flood protection dam 76 km.
- Zahurul Qayum (2012). "Gaibandha District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Community Report Gaibandha Zila June 2012". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- [dead link]
- Shafiul Alam (2012). "Elias, Akhteruzzaman". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.