Gail R. Martin

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Professor Gail R. Martin, is in charge of the developmental biology program at the University of California, San Francisco. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Sciences (Cellular and developmental biology), and is the President of the Society for Developmental Biology.[1]

In 1981 Martin, working at the University of California, San Francisco,[2] and Martin Evans and Matthew Kaufman, working at the University of Cambridge,[3] England, separately and simultaneously discovered techniques for extracting stem cells from mouse embryos. Martin is attributed with coining the term "embryonic stem cell".[4]




  1. ^ a b c d e "Welcome to Gail Martin's Lab". University of California, San Francisco. 
  2. ^ Martin G (December 1981). "Isolation of a pluripotent cell line from early mouse embryos cultured in medium conditioned by teratocarcinoma stem cells.". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78 (12): 7634–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.78.12.7634. PMC 349323. PMID 6950406. 
  3. ^ Evans M, Kaufman M (July 1981). "Establishment in culture of pluripotential cells from mouse embryos.". Nature 292 (5819): 154–6. doi:10.1038/292154a0. PMID 7242681. 
  4. ^ "Stem Cells - Overview". University of California San Francisco. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Edwin Grant Conklin Medal". Society for Developmental Biology.