Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Gainsborough
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Lincolnshire within England.
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 73,795 (December 2010)
Major settlements Market Rasen and Gainsborough
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Edward Leigh (Conservative)
Number of members One
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Gainsborough and Horncastle
Created from North Lincolnshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Gainsborough is a constituency[n 1] in Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Edward Leigh, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 that year, which lasted until it was reformed as Gainsborough and Horncastle on a boundary change for the 1983 election. That seat lasted until 1997, as from the mid nineties population changes led to removal of Horncastle from the seat and recreation of the old seat with largely similar boundaries.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency is centred on the town of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, and comprises the West Lindsey district, and the Wragby ward of the East Lindsey district.

Constituency profile[edit]

This relatively vast rural seat north of Lincoln is named after the small market town at its western boundary. Market Rasen known for its racecourse is the largest town, in the east. Regeneration projects are attempting to reduce pockets of severe deprivation in the constituency, but most of the area is affluent, albeit remote from many major cities, the closest conurbation is the city of Lincoln to the immediate south. Though arable farming dominates the landscape and noteworthy pig farming industry, see Lincolnshire sausages, agriculture is in decline and the service/creative sector dominates.[1] The seat has elected Conservative MPs since 1924 and is a stronghold.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1886 Henry Eyre Conservative
1892 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1895 Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge Liberal
1900 Seymour Fitzroy Ormsby-Gore Conservative
1906 Leslie Renton Liberal
1907 Liberal Unionist
Jan 1910 George Jackson Bentham Liberal
1918 John Elsdale Molson Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Sir Richard Winfrey Liberal
1924 Harry Crookshank Conservative
1956 by-election Marcus Kimball Conservative
1983 Sir Edward Leigh Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Leigh[2]
Labour David Prescott[3]
General Election 2010: Gainsborough[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 24,266 49.3 +5.4
Liberal Democrat Pat O'Connor 13,707 27.8 +1.8
Labour Jamie McMahon 7,701 15.6 -10.5
UKIP Steven Pearson 2,065 4.2 +0.1
BNP Malcolm Porter 1,512 3.1 +3.1
Majority 10,559 21.4
Turnout 49,251 68.3 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing 1.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,040 43.9 -2.3
Liberal Democrat Adrian Heath 12,037 26.4 -0.3
Labour John Knight 11,744 25.7 -1.4
UKIP Steven Pearson 1,860 4.1 +4.1
Majority 8,003 17.5
Turnout 45,681 64.6 +0.4
Conservative hold Swing 1.0
General Election 2001: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 19,555 46.2 +3.1
Labour Alan Rhodes 11,484 27.1 -1.7
Liberal Democrat Steve Taylor 11,280 26.7 -1.5
Majority 8,071 19.1
Turnout 42,319 64.2 -10.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,593 43.1
Labour Paul Taylor 13,767 28.8
Liberal Democrat Neil Taylor 13,436 28.1 -1.5
Majority 6,826 14.3
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections results following boundary changes[edit]

For 1983 - 1992, see Gainsborough and Horncastle (UK Parliament constituency)

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 24,040 46.4
Liberal Roger B Blackmore 16,885 32.6
Labour William S Bach 10,335 20.0
Independent Conservative R E August 570 1.1
Majority 7,155 13.6
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 19,163 41.5
Liberal Roger B Blackmore 15,195 32.9
Labour T Lansbury 11,797 25.6
Majority 3,968 8.6
Turnout 74.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 22,177 44.2
Liberal Roger B Blackmore 15,967 31.8
Labour T Lansbury 12,011 24.0
Majority 6,210 12.4
Turnout 82.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 22,163 50.2
Labour Maurice P Tracy 14,454 32.7
Liberal Roger B Blackmore 7,543 17.1
Majority 7,709 17.5
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Gainsborough

Electorate 52,428

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 18,770 47.2
Labour Alan Day 14,904 37.5
Liberal Geoffrey R S Stevenson 6,064 15.3
Majority 3,866 9.7
Turnout 39,738 75.8
Conservative hold Swing +3.95
General Election 1964: Gainsborough

Electorate 51,499

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 19,235 47.7
Labour D R Poirier 12,126 30.1
Liberal Dr Roy I Douglas 8,930 22.2
Majority 7,109 17.6
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Gainsborough

Electorate 50,051

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 20,056 49.6
Labour Henry David Leonard George Walston 13,247 32.8
Liberal Dr Roy Ian Douglas 7,147 17.7
Majority 6,809 16.8
Turnout 40,450 80.8
Conservative hold Swing
Gainsborough by-election, 1956

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Richard Kimball 12,836 40.8
Labour Henry David Leonard George Walston 11,830 37.6
Liberal Henry I Spence 6,806 21.6
Majority 1,006 3.2
Turnout 31,472
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 22,576 55.8
Labour G R Hawkins 17,107 44.2
Majority 4,469 11.6
Turnout 76.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 19,915 49.1
Labour G R S Hawkins 16,074 39.6
Liberal John Gregory 4,580 11.3
Majority 3,841 9.5
Turnout 80.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 17,066 41.4
Labour Gerald Samson Saville 14,890 36.1
Liberal Henry Ivan Spence 9,276 22.5
Majority 2,176 5.3
Turnout 83.5
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 38,290

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Capt. Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 11,081 38.5
Labour Gerald Samson Saville 9,436 32.8
Liberal Capt. Roy Desmond Robinson 8,284 28.8
Majority 1,645 5.7
Turnout 75.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 35,004

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 12,597 44.8
Liberal John Johnson Till Ferens 10,840 38.5
Labour E Pittwood 4,698 16.7
Majority 1,757 6.2
Turnout 80.4
Conservative hold Swing
Henry Purchase
General Election 1931

Electorate 33,977

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 14,839 51.7
Liberal Henry George Purchase 8,009 27.9
Labour George Deer 5,856 20.4
Majority 6,830 23.8
Turnout 28,704 83.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 33,977

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 10,058 37.1
Liberal Arthur Neal 9,991 36.9
Labour George Deer 7,032 26.0
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 27,619

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank 10,281 47.1 +9.0
Labour F J Knowles 5,958 27.3 +12.5
Liberal Sir Richard Winfrey 5,590 25.6 -21.5
Majority 4,323 19.8 28.8
Turnout 21,829 79.0 +3.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.0
Sir Richard Winfrey
General Election 1923

Electorate 27,294

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Richard Winfrey 9,694 47.1
Unionist John Elsdale Molson 7,841 38.1
Labour James Read 3,039 14.8
Majority 1,853 9.0
Turnout 20,574 75.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 27,219

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Elsdale Molson 9,015
Liberal Joel Herbert Seaverns 7,216
Labour James Read 4,884
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 27,503

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. John Elsdale Molson
8,634 56.8
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 6,556 43.2
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°21′N 0°30′W / 53.35°N 0.50°W / 53.35; -0.50