List of gaited horse breeds
Gaited horses are horse breeds that have selective breeding for natural gaited tendencies, that is, the ability to perform one of the smooth-to-ride, intermediate speed, four-beat horse gaits, collectively referred to as ambling gaits.
Such breeds include the following:
- American Saddlebred
- Florida Cracker Horse
- Icelandic horse
- Mangalarga Marchador
- Marwari horse
- Messara horse
- Missouri Fox Trotter
- Paso Fino
- Peruvian Paso
- Racking horse
- Rocky Mountain Horse
- Spotted Saddle horse
- Tennessee Walker
In most "gaited" breeds, an ambling gait is a hereditary trait. However, some representatives of these breeds may not always gait. Conversely, some naturally trotting breeds not listed above may have ambling or "gaited" ability, particularly with specialized training. Many horses can both trot and amble, and some horses pace in addition to the amble, instead of trotting. However, pacing in gaited horses is often, though not always, discouraged. Some horses do not naturally trot or pace easily, they prefer their ambling gait for their standard intermediate speed.
A 2012 DNA study of movement in Icelandic horses, harness racing horse breeds, and mice, determined that a mutation on the gene DMRT3, which controls the spinal neurological circuits related to limb movement and motion, causes a "premature 'stop codon'" in horses with lateral ambling gaits. This mutation may be a dominant gene, in that even one copy of the mutated allele will produce gaitedness.
- Ambling, specifically describes various four beat intermediate gaits performed by gaited breeds
- Horse gait, overview of all horse gaits
- List of horse breeds
- The Gaited Horse (magazine)
- Breeds that Gait." Equus, issue 359, August, 2007, pp. 52-54
- Rau, Burkhard; Litzke, Lutz-Ferdinand; et al., eds. (2012). Der Huf: Lehrbuch des Hufbeschlages (in German) (6th ed.). Stuttgart: Enke. ISBN 9783830410744.
- Agricultural Communications, Texas A&M University System (5 September 2012). "'Gaited' Gene Mutation and Related Motion Examined". The Horse. Blood-Horse Publications. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- Andersson, Lisa S; et al. (30 August 2012). "Mutations in DMRT3 affect locomotion in horses and spinal circuit function in mice". Nature 488: 642–646. doi:10.1038/nature11399. Retrieved 19 September 2012.