Gaius Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesitheus

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Gaius Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesitheus
Born c. 190
Died c. 243
Spouse(s) Unknown
Children Tranquillina

Gaius Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesitheus (c. 190 - 243) was a Roman Praetorian Prefect who lived in the 3rd century and was the most important advisor to Roman Emperor Gordian III. Very little is known on his origins. Timesitheus was a Roman of equestrian rank.


He started his career under the severan emperor Elagabalus holding a number of important provincial postings. Between 218-222, the emperor promoted him and appointed him as Procurator of Arabia and, from 220 he became a Prefect of the Cohorts and held procuratorships in Syria, Palestine, Bithynia, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Asia, Germania Inferior, Gallia Belgica, Gallia Aquitania and Gallia Lugdunensis. Timesitheus proved to be an able and efficient official.

In 241, the Roman Emperor Gordian III was looking for a responsible person to serve as Praetorian Prefect, the commander of the Praetorian Guard. Gordian appointed Timesitheus and he became a prominent figure in the emperor’s reign, assisting Gordian and his mother Antonia Gordiana in administering the Roman Empire. In May 241, Timesitheus arranged the marriage of his daughter Tranquillina, whose mother is unknown, to the Emperor. She became a Roman Empress and her marriage to Gordian proved to be a very happy (albeit short-lived).

Timesitheus ordered the improvements of the empire’s borders in Africa and organized the war on Persia, whose King Shapur I had recently invaded Roman Mesopotamia and captured Nisibis and Carrhae. In 243 Timesitheus defeated them at the Battle of Resaena and expelled them from Roman territory, regaining both cities. As he was planning more campaigns, he suddenly became ill and died. Gordian replaced him with Philip the Arab.[1]

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Darker purple indicates Emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty; lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)

Q. Marcius Barea Soranus Q. Marcius Barea Sura Antonia Furnilla M. Cocceius Nerva Sergia Plautilla P. Aelius Hadrianus
(r. 79-81)
Marcia Furnilla Marcia Trajanus Pater Nerva
(r. 96–98)
Ulpia Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus
Julia Flavia Marciana C. Salonius Matidius Trajan
(r. 98–117)
Plotina P. Acilius Attianus P. Aelius Afer Paulina Major L. Julius Ursus Servianus
Lucius Mindius
Libo Rupilius Frugi
Matidia L. Vibius Sabinus
Antinous Hadrian (r. 117–138) Paulina
Matidia Minor Suetonius Sabina
Annius Verus
C. Fuscus Salinator I Julia Serviana Paulina
Rupilia Faustina Boionia Procilla Cn. Arrius Antoninus
L. Caesennius Paetus L. Ceionius Commodus Appia Severa C. Fuscus Salinator II
Arria Antonia Arria Fadilla T. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius Antoninus Lucius
Fundania Plautia Ignota Plautia C. Avidius
Antoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
M. Annius Verus Domitia Lucilla Fundania M. Annius Libo FAUSTINA Lucius Aelius
Avidia Plautia
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA Minor C. Avidius Cassius Aurelia Fadilla LUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
Ceionia Fabia Plautius Quintillus Q. Servilius Pudens Ceionia Plautia
Cornificia Minor M. Petronius Sura COMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
Fadilla M. Annius Verus Caesar Ti. Claudius Pompeianus (2) Lucilla M. Plautius Quintillus Junius Licinius Balbus Servilia Ceionia
Petronius Antoninus L. Aurelius Agaclytus
Aurelia Sabina L. Antistius Burrus
Plautius Quintillus Plautia Servilla C. Furius Sabinus Timesitheus Antonia Gordiana Junius Licinius Balbus
Furia Sabina Tranquillina GORDIAN III
(r. 238-244)


  1. ^ Settipani, Christian (2000). Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l’époque impériale: mythe et réalité. Prosopographica et Genealogica (in French). Vol. 2. Oxford: Linacre College. ISBN 1-900934-02-7.