Gajapati district

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Gajapati
ଗଜପତି
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 18°53′N 84°12′E / 18.88°N 84.2°E / 18.88; 84.2Coordinates: 18°53′N 84°12′E / 18.88°N 84.2°E / 18.88; 84.2
Country  India
State Odisha
Established October 1992
Headquarters Paralakhemundi
Government
 • Type Governed by I.A.S. Officer
 • Collector Shri Prakash Chandra Das, OAS (SG)
 • Member of Parliament Siddhanta Mahapatra, BJD
Area
 • Total 3,850 km2 (1,490 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 575,880
 • Rank 28th
 • Density 133/km2 (340/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 761 xxx
Vehicle registration OD-20
Nearest city Bhubaneswar
Sex ratio 1042 /
Literacy 54.29%
Lok Sabha constituency Berhampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency 2, 136-Mohana (ST), 137-Paralakhemundi
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,403.3 millimetres (55.25 in)
Avg. summer temperature 45 °C (113 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 16 °C (61 °F)
Website www.gajapati.nic.in

Gajapati (Oriya: ଗଜପତି)is a district of Odisha, India. It was created from Ganjam District in October, 1992. Gajapati district was named after Maharaja Sri Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Dev, the Raja Sahib of the Paralakhemundi estate (the first Chief Minister of the state), who is remembered for his contribution in the formation of a separate state, and inclusion of the Paralakhemundi estate in Odisha. The district headquarters at Paralakhemundi, formerly a princely estate, has been clustered within a radius of approximately 5 kilometers around the geometric centre of Paralakhemundi. The District is a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Odisha (out of 30), after Debagarh and Boudh.[2]

Geography[edit]

Paralakhemundi is the District Headquarters and also the largest town of the Gajapati district. Kashinagara is the second largest town of Gajapati district.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gajapati one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 19 districts in odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3] Railway stations - 05 ; RTc depoits - 02

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Gajapati district has a population of 575,880,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[4] or the US state of Wyoming.[5] This gives it a ranking of 533rd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 133 inhabitants per square kilometre (340/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.99%.[2] Gajapati has a sex ratio of 1042 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 54.29%.[2]

Culture[edit]

Mahendragiri[edit]

The epic mountain Mahendragiri, a segment of Eastern Ghats is situated in paralakhemundi. Legend says that it is the place where lord Parashurama, a chiranjeevi staying eternally and doing tapasya. Temples built by Pandavas are seen. Main festival here is Shivaratri, the worship of Shiva, the guru or percepter of lord Parashurama.

Education[edit]

  • Sri Krushna Chandra Gajapati College (SKCG)
  • Maha Raja's Boys High School (MRBHS)
  • Maha Raja's Girls High School (MRGHS)
  • Jagannath Institute for Technology and Management (JITM)
  • MPX TECHNOLOGIES (MPX)
  • Centurion School for Rural Enterprise Management (CSREM)
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV)
  • Hill Top College,Mohana

Politics[edit]

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the two Vidhan sabha constituencies[6][7] of Gajapati district and the elected members[8] of those area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
136 Mohana ST Mohana, R. Udayagiri, Nuagada, Rayagada Basanti Mallick Biju Janata Dal
137 Parlakhemundi None Parlakhemundi (M), Kashinagar (NAC), Guma, Kashinagar, Parlakhemundi K Suriya Rao Indian National Congress

Media[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Wyoming 563,626 
  6. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  7. ^ Seats of Odisha
  8. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME 

External links[edit]