Gakushūin

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Gakushūin in 1933

The Gakushūin (学習院?) or Peers School (Gakushūin School Corporation), also known as Gakushūjo, is a Japanese educational institution originally established to educate the children of Japan's nobility.[1]

History[edit]

The Peers' School was founded in 1847 by Emperor Ninko in Kyoto.[2] Its purpose was to educate the children of the Imperial aristocracy (kuge).[3]

Precepts[edit]

Emperor Ninko had four maxims inscribed on the walls of the Gakushūin building,[4] including

  1. Walk in the paths trodden by the feet of the great sages.[4]
  2. Revere the righteous canons of the empire.[4]
  3. He that has not learned the sacred doctrines, how can he govern himself?[4]
  4. He that is ignorant of the classics, how can he regulate his own conduct?[4]

The school was moved to Tokyo in 1877.[1] Its new purpose was to educate the children of the modern aristocracy. Members of the Imperial Family continue to study at Gakushūin.

Timeline[edit]

  • 1847: founded as Peers' School[1]
  • 1877: the school was established in Tokyo[1]
  • 1884: Gakushūin became an Imperial institution.[1]
  • 1885: Peeress' School was created[2]
  • 1947: Gakushūin became a private institution.[1]

Presidents[edit]

No. Name Year Title Military rank Note
1 Tachibana Taneyuki 1877–1884 Viscount Last lord of Miike Domain.
2 Tani Tateki 1884–1885 Viscount Lieutenant General (IJA) Former president of Imperial Japanese Army Academy
3 Ōtori Keisuke 1885–1887 Baron Member of Privy council.
4 Miura Gorō 1887–1891 Viscount Lieutenant General (IJA)
5 Iwakura Tomosada 1891 Duke
6 Tanaka Mitsuaki 1891–1894 Viscount Major General (IJA)
7 Konoe Atsumaro 1894–1903 Duke The heir of Konoe family. The president of House of Peers (1892–1905)
8 Kikuchi Dairoku 1903–1904 Baron Mathematician and Minister of Education (1901–1903).
9 Yamaguchi Einosuke 1905–1906 Physicist.
10 Nogi Maresuke 1906–1912 Count General (IJA) Emperor Showa entered school in 1908 and graduated in 1914.
11 Osako Naoharu 1912–1917 Viscount General (IJA)
12 Hōjō Tokiyuki 1917–1920 Mathematician. Former president of Tohoku Imperial University (1913–1917).
13 Ichinohe Hyoe 1920–1922 General (IJA) The Inspectorate General of Military Training
14 Fukuhara Ryojirō 1922–1929 Former president of Tohoku Imperial University (1917–1919)
15 Araki Torasaburō 1929–1937 Medical scientist. Former president of Kyoto Imperial University (1915–1929)
16 Nomura Kichisaburō 1937–1939 Admiral (IJN)
17 Yamanashi Katsunoshin 1939–1946 Admiral (IJN)

Notable alumni and faculty members[edit]

Teachers[edit]

Alumni[edit]

For alumni of Gakushuin University, see: Gakushūin University#Notable alumni
Imperial House of Japan
Others

In Fiction[edit]

In the novel Spring Snow by Yukio Mishima, set in the early 1910s, the characters Kiyoaki Matsugae and Shigekuni Honda attend the school.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Gakushū-in" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 230.
  2. ^ a b "History of Gakushuin" at Gakushuin Women's College; retrieved 2013-2-27.
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 26.
  4. ^ a b c d e Brinkley, Frank. (1915). A History of the Japanese People, p. 664.

External links[edit]