Galați County

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Galați County
Județul Galați
County
Coat of arms of Galați County
Coat of arms
Galati in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°47′N 27°47′E / 45.79°N 27.78°E / 45.79; 27.78Coordinates: 45°47′N 27°47′E / 45.79°N 27.78°E / 45.79; 27.78
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Est
Historic region Moldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Galați
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Eugen Chebac
 • Prefect2 Cosmin Păun
Area
 • Total 4,466 km2 (1,724 sq mi)
Area rank 34th in Romania
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Total 536,167
 • Rank 14th in Romania
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 80wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x364
Car Plates GL5
GDP US$ 4.73 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,628 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Galați (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡaˈlat͡sʲ]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia region, with the capital city at Galați.

History[edit]

Historically Galați is part of Moldavia. In 1858, it was represented by Alexandru Ioan Cuza at the ad hoc Divan at Iași, in the wake of the Crimean War. Prior to 1938 what is now eastern Galați was the separate county of Covurlui (Județul Covurlui). From 1938 to 1945 Galați was part of Ținutul Dunării (Megacounty Dunării).

2010 Romanian floods[edit]

During July 2010, the River Siret threatened to break through the dykes protecting the town of Șendreni, as locals and emergency services reinforced the dykes with sandbags trucks full of earth to prevent the river breaking out and flooding the town.[2]

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 536,167 and the population density was 120/km2.

Year County population[1][4]
1948 341,797
1956 Increase 396,138
1966 Increase 474,279
1977 Increase 581,561
1992 Increase 639,853
2002 Decrease 619,556
2011 Decrease 536,167

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 4,466 km2.

The county lies on a low plain, between the Prut River in the East, the Siret River in the West and South-West. They both flow into the Danube which forms the border with Tulcea County in the South-East.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Due to the relief, the majority of the population in the rural areas work in agriculture. Fishing is another profitable occupation along the Danube and the Siret River. Galați is Romania's second harbour after Constanța, the navigable channel on the Danube allowing the passage of large ships. In Galați there exist the biggest metallurgical complex in Romania – the Mittal-Sidex Complex. Also the second biggest shipyard can be found also at Galați allowing ships up to 55,000 tdw to be built.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy – 55% of Romania's steel production.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Ship building industry.

The county of Galați is also an important transport hub.

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Galați County has 2 municipalities, 2 towns and 61 communes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]