Galatea (Raphael)

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The Triumph of Galatea
Raphael Galatea.jpg
Artist Raphael
Year c. 1514[1]
Type Fresco
Dimensions 750 cm × 570 cm (295 in × 225 in)
Location Villa Farnesina, Rome

The Triumph of Galatea is a fresco completed about 1514 by the Italian painter Raphael for the Villa Farnesina in Rome.[1]

The Farnesina was built for the Sienese banker Agostino Chigi, one of the richest men of that age. The Farnese family later acquired and renamed the villa, smaller than the more ostentatious palazzo at the other side of the Tiber. The fresco is a mythological scene of a series embellishing the open gallery of the building, a series never completed which was inspired to the "Stanze per la giostra" of the poet Angelo Poliziano. In Greek mythology, the beautiful Nereid Galatea had fallen in love with the peasant shepherd Acis. Her consort, one-eyed giant Polyphemus, after chancing upon the two lovers together, lobbed an enormous pillar and killed Acis.

Raphael did not paint any of the main events of the story. He chose the scene of the nymph's apotheosis (Stanze, I, 118-119). Galatea appears surrounded by other sea creatures whose forms are somewhat inspired by Michelangelo[citation needed], whereas the bright colors and decoration are supposed to be inspired by ancient Roman painting. At the left, a Triton (partly man, partly fish) abducts a sea nymph; behind them, another Triton uses a shell as a trumpet. Galatea rides a shell-chariot drawn by two dolphins.

While some have seen in the model for Galatea the image of the courtesan, Imperia, Agostino Chigi's lover and Raphael's near-contemporary; Giorgio Vasari, wrote that Raphael did not mean for Galatea to resemble any one human person, but to represent ideal beauty.[citation needed] When asked where he had found a model of such beauty, Raphael reportedly said that he had used "a certain idea" he had formed in his mind.[1][2]

External video
Raphael, Galatea, at Khan Academy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gombrich, E .H. (1989) The Story of Art. 15th edn. London: Phaidon Press, pp. 240-245. ISBN 0714825840
  2. ^ Sala di Galatea. Miami University School of Creative Arts, 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2103. Archived here.