Galaxidi

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Galaxidi
Γαλαξίδι
Galaxidi Paralia at Dusk.jpg
Location
Galaxidi is located in Greece
Galaxidi
Galaxidi
Coordinates 38°22′N 22°23′E / 38.367°N 22.383°E / 38.367; 22.383Coordinates: 38°22′N 22°23′E / 38.367°N 22.383°E / 38.367; 22.383
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Greece
Regional unit: Phocis
Municipality: Delphi
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 2,989
Community
 - Population: 2,011
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 4 m (13 ft)
Postal code: 330 52
Telephone: 22650
Auto: ΑΜ

Galaxidi (Greek: Γαλαξίδι), is a town and a former municipality in the southern part of Phocis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Delphi, of which it is a municipal unit.[2]

Galaxidi has a small harbor on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth. It is 7 km southwest of Itea, 15 km southwest of Delphi, 17 km south of Amfissa and 48 km east of Naupactus. The Greek National Road 48 connects Galaxidi with Naupactus, Itea and Delphi. Galaxidi is a 2.5h to 3h drive from the capital Athens and a relatively popular weekend retreat.

History[edit]

Until the late 19th century, Galaxidi had a sizeable merchant marine fleet and was a prosperous commercial centre. This is reflected in the size and style of the local buildings. Preservation of the traditional architecture has facilitated the growth of tourism in recent decades. The marine museum contains exhibits from this period.

The promenade.

In recent years commercial fish farming has been developing.

Town layout[edit]

Galaxidi is a small port situated on a natural double harbour surrounded by mountains. The deeper main harbour provides docking facilities for yachts and small fishing boats and is lined with restaurants, bars, and stores. The smaller harbour is Chirolaka.

On the rocky shoreline by the side of the larger harbour, is a pine forest planted by school children in the early twentieth century. There is a road behind the town that leads up the mountain to the Monastery of the Metamorphosis (actually a convent that was inhabited by one nun as of 2010). This provides a splendid view of the city and its surroundings.

Panoramic view of Galaxidi

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Galaxidi consists of the following communities:

  • Agioi Pantes
  • Galaxidi
  • Penteoria
  • Vounichora

Historical population[edit]

Year Town population Municipality population
1981 1,264 -
1991 1,369 2,494
2001 1,718 3,030
2011[1] 2,011 2,989

Sites of interest[edit]

  • Maritime Museum of Galaxidi, a museum which includes the Galaxidi Chronicle which was published by KN Sathas in 1865. It used to serve as a town hall for Galaxidi.

Flour Wars[edit]

St Nicolas Church.
Street of the city.
Houses at the promenade.

The Carnival Season in Greece ends with the celebration of Clean Monday which coincides with the beginning of the Greek Orthodox Lent. On that particular day the custom of Alevromoutzouroma (Greek: Αλευρομουτζούρωμα, literally Flour Smudging, or else Flour Wars), takes place in Galaxidi. The origins of the custom are unclear, however it appears in its current form since the mid-19th century.

Around noon, locals and visitors of all ages dressed up in old clothes rendezvous at a predefined location where flour is distributed in large quantities. Various types of coloring is added for effect while people paint their faces with charcoal. Then they march to the harbor which is usually split into a war zone and a neutral zone for the observers and the fight begins. The participants throw each other (and to unsuspected bystanders) colored flour until essentially they run out of supplies.

The event often attracts media coverage. [3] [4]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Spiegel Online, Flour Wars
  4. ^ Global Post, Full Frame: Flour war
  5. ^ Επίτομο Γεωγραφικό Λεξικό της Ελλάδος (Geographical Dictionary of Greece), Μιχαήλ Σταματελάτος, Φωτεινή Βάμβα-Σταματελάτου, εκδ. Ερμής, ΑΘήνα 2001

External links[edit]