DirecTV satellite fleet
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
The DirecTV satellite fleet is a group of communications satellites located at various geostationary orbits for the DirecTV satellite television service and HughesNet (formerly known as DirectWAY and DirectPC) internet service.
Satellites and their orbits
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Defunct satellites are highlighted in gold.
|Satellite||Orbital slot||Launch date*||Launch vehicle||Satellite type||Separated mass||Mass at BOL||Mass at EOL||Status|
|DirecTV-1||109.8°W||December 17, 1993||Ariane 4||Hughes Electronics HS-601||2,970 kilograms (6,550 lb) at GTO||1,680 kilograms (3,700 lb)||1,300 kilograms (2,900 lb)||Defunct|
|DirecTV-2[A]||100.8°W||August 3, 1994||Atlas IIA||Hughes Electronics HS-601||Defunct|
|DirecTV-3[B]||91.1°W||June 10, 1995||Ariane 42-P||Hughes Electronics HS-601||Defunct|
|DirecTV-6[C]||109.5°W||March 9, 1997||Atlas IIA||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300||Defunct|
|DirecTV-1R[D]||55.8°E||October 10, 1999||Zenit-3SL||Hughes Electronics HS-601HP|
|DirecTV-4S||101.2° W||November 27, 2001||Ariane 4||Hughes Electronics HS-601HP|
|DirecTV-5||109.8° W||May 7, 2002||Proton||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300||3,640 kilograms (8,020 lb) at TO|
|Galaxy 3C[E]||95°W||June 15, 2002||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-7S||119.0°W||May 4, 2004||Zenit-3SL||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|DirecTV-8||100.8°W||May 22, 2005||Proton M||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|SPACEWAY-1||103.0°W||April 26, 2005||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702|
|SPACEWAY-2||99.2°W||November 16, 2005||Ariane 5 ECA||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-9S[F]||101.1°W||October 13, 2006||Ariane 5 ECA||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|DirecTV-10||103.0°W||July 7, 2007||Proton M||Boeing BSS-702||5,893 kilograms (12,992 lb) at GTO|
|DirecTV-11||99.2°W||March 19, 2008||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702||6,060 kilograms (13,360 lb) at GTO||3,700 kilograms (8,200 lb)|
|DirecTV-12||103.0°W||December 28, 2009||Proton M||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-14||99.2°W||Early 2014||Ariane 5||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300||Planned launch|
|DirecTV-15||TBA||End of 2014||Ariane 5||Astrium Eurostar E3000||Planned launch|
*Default sort column
- A DirecTV-2 having reached the end of its useful life span, on April 16, 2007, the FCC granted DirecTV's request to conduct operations to move the satellite out to a disposal orbit and it was subsequently removed from service in May 2007.
- B DirecTV-3 was removed from service in Oct 2002 and sent to a storage orbit as an on-orbit backup. It returned to service in 2003 having been leased to Telesat, which used the satellite as backup for its troubled Nimiq-2 at 82 degrees West under the designation Nimiq-2i. In 2004 the satellite was moved to back up Nimiq-1 and is now operated under the name Nimiq-3.
- C DirecTV-6 went out of service August 15, 2006 and sent to a graveyard orbit having suffered damage from a solar flare in April 1997 as well as other solar array and power fluctuation problems.
- D Currently being leased to the Russian Satellite Communications Company and is currently located at 55.8 degrees East as a stopgap supplement to the RSCC's aging Bonum 1 satellite due to delays of the RSCC's Express-AT1 satellite. Once Express-AT1 enters service, both Bonum 1 and DirecTV-1R are planned for deorbit.
- E Galaxy 3C is operated by Intelsat. DirecTV leases non-DBS FSS transponders for international programming under the auspices of the DirecTV World Direct package.
- F DirecTV-9S is an in-orbit spare for DirecTV-4S, and does not presently broadcast any channels.
Details of satellite fleet
DirecTV-1R was launched in 1999. It was the first satellite used to broadcast local channels for DirecTV in major DMAs, and was positioned at 101.2° W when it first entered service. In 2004, DirecTV-1R was repositioned to 72.5° W to provide local channels for smaller DMAs not served by satellites in the 101° W, 110° W, or 119° W positions. From 2004 to 2011 in these smaller DMAs, a separate dish was required to obtain local channels. In early 2012, DirecTV-1R was briefly repositioned to 109.8° W as a spare for DirecTV-5, however, in mid-2012, it was announced that DirecTV-1R would be leased to the Russian Satellite Communications Company, and was repositioned to its current location at 55.8° E in late 2012 as a stopgap supplement to the RSCC's aging Bonum 1 satellite due to delays of the RSCC's Express-AT1 satellite. Once Express-AT1 enters service, both Bonum 1 and DirecTV-1R are planned for deorbit.
Galaxy 3C is a geostationary communications satellite located at 95° W. It was launched on June 15, 2002, with a Sea Launch vehicle, and is currently active on the C and Ku-bands, with 24 transponders for each. Owned by Intelsat, some of the satellite's users include DirecTV's Brazil and Latin America systems, the Racetrack TV Network DBS service, and HughesNet.
Spaceway 1 & Spaceway 2
The SPACEWAY satellites were originally designed for use by Hughes Electronics. The satellites were re-purposed for DirecTV after News Corporation purchased a controlling interest in Hughes.
DirecTV-10, DirecTV-11, and DirecTV-12
DirecTV satellites 10, 11, and 12 are Boeing model 702 satellites designed to deliver high definition television to the continental United States, Hawaii, and Alaska.
- Rocket Thrust Equation and Launch Vehicles
- "DIRECTV 2 (DBS 2)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- "DIRECTV 6 (TEMPO 2)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- Proton Launch Advisory: DIRECTV-5
- ILS Proton to Launch DIRECTV 10
- DIRECTV 10, 11 and 12
- DirecTV Press Release December 29, 2009 DIRECTV HD and Movie Choices to Get a Lift With Successful Satellite Launch - DIRECTV 12 Boosts Satellite Fleet's Capacity to More Than 200 HD Channels; Begins Operation First Half of Next Year
- Space Systems/Loral Selected to Provide High-Power Satellite to DIRECTV Space Systems/Loral Press Release June 11, 2010
- "Planned Satellite Launches 2014 | SatLaunch.net". August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "DirecTV Taps Arianespace for At Least Two Launches". September 13, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
- "Planned 2014 Launches | LyngSat". Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Astrium contracted to build DIRECTV 15 communications satellite Astrium Press Release November 4, 2011
- DirecTV-6 details including move to junkyard orbit
- APPLICATION FOR AUTHORIZATION TO OPERATE DIRECTV 1R, A DIRECT BROADCAST SATELLITE - Federal Communications Commission
- Lyngsat page. Accessed February 19, 2006
- Corporate site Accessed February 19, 2006
- C-band North America Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams
- Ku-band North America Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams
- Ku-band North America & Puerto Rico Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams