DirecTV satellite fleet
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
The DirecTV satellite fleet is a group of communications satellites located at various geostationary orbits for the DirecTV satellite television service and HughesNet (formerly known as DirecWAY and DirecPC) internet service.
Satellites and their orbits
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Defunct satellites are highlighted in gold.
|Satellite||Orbital slot||Launch date*||Launch vehicle||Satellite type||Separated mass||Mass at BOL||Mass at EOL||Status|
|DirecTV-1||109.8°W||December 17, 1993||Ariane 4||Hughes Electronics HS-601||2,970 kilograms (6,550 lb) at GTO||1,680 kilograms (3,700 lb)||1,300 kilograms (2,900 lb)||Defunct|
|DirecTV-2[A]||100.8°W||August 3, 1994||Atlas IIA||Hughes Electronics HS-601||Defunct|
|DirecTV-3[B]||91.1°W||June 10, 1995||Ariane 42-P||Hughes Electronics HS-601||Defunct|
|DirecTV-6[C]||109.5°W||March 9, 1997||Atlas IIA||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300||Defunct|
|DirecTV-1R[D]||55.8°E||October 10, 1999||Zenit-3SL||Hughes Electronics HS-601HP|
|DirecTV-4S||101.2° W||November 27, 2001||Ariane 4||Hughes Electronics HS-601HP|
|DirecTV-5||110.1° W||May 7, 2002||Proton||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300||3,640 kilograms (8,025 lb) at TO|
|Galaxy 3C[E]||95°W||June 15, 2002||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-7S||119.0°W||May 4, 2004||Zenit-3SL||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|DirecTV-8||100.8°W||May 22, 2005||Proton M||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|SPACEWAY-1||103.0°W||April 26, 2005||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702|
|SPACEWAY-2||99.2°W||November 16, 2005||Ariane 5 ECA||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-9S[F]||101.1°W||October 13, 2006||Ariane 5 ECA||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|DirecTV-10||103.0°W||July 7, 2007||Proton M||Boeing BSS-702||5,893 kilograms (12,992 lb) at GTO|
|DirecTV-11||99.2°W||March 19, 2008||Zenit-3SL||Boeing BSS-702||6,060 kilograms (13,360 lb) at GTO||3,700 kilograms (8,200 lb)|
|DirecTV-12||103.0°W||December 28, 2009||Proton M||Boeing BSS-702|
|DirecTV-14||99.2°W||December 6, 2014||Ariane 5||Space Systems/Loral LS-1300|
|DirecTV-15||TBA||First half of 2015||Ariane 5||Astrium Eurostar E3000||Planned launch|
*Default sort column
- A DirecTV-2 having reached the end of its useful life span, on April 16, 2007, the FCC granted DirecTV's request to conduct operations to move the satellite out to a disposal orbit and it was subsequently removed from service in May 2007.
- B DirecTV-3 was removed from service in Oct 2002 and sent to a storage orbit as an on-orbit backup. It returned to service in 2003 having been leased to Telesat, which used the satellite as backup for its troubled Nimiq-2 at 82 degrees West under the designation Nimiq-2i. In 2004 the satellite was moved to back up Nimiq-1 and is now operated under the name Nimiq-3.
- C DirecTV-6 went out of service August 15, 2006 and sent to a graveyard orbit having suffered damage from a solar flare in April 1997 as well as other solar array and power fluctuation problems.
- D Currently being leased to the Russian Satellite Communications Company and is currently located at 55.8 degrees East as a stopgap supplement to the RSCC's aging Bonum 1 satellite due to delays of the RSCC's Express-AT1 satellite. Once Express-AT1 enters service, both Bonum 1 and DirecTV-1R are planned for deorbit.
- E Galaxy 3C is operated by Intelsat. DirecTV leases non-DBS FSS transponders for international programming under the auspices of the DirecTV World Direct package.
- F DirecTV-9S is an in-orbit spare for DirecTV-4S, and does not presently broadcast any channels.
Details of satellite fleet
DirecTV-1R was launched in 1999. It was the first satellite used to broadcast local channels for DirecTV in major DMAs, and was positioned at 101.2° W when it first entered service. In 2004, DirecTV-1R was repositioned to 72.5° W to provide local channels for smaller DMAs not served by satellites in the 101° W, 110° W, or 119° W positions. From 2004 to 2011 in these smaller DMAs, a separate dish was required to obtain local channels. In early 2012, DirecTV-1R was briefly repositioned to 109.8° W as a spare for DirecTV-5, however, in mid-2012, it was announced that DirecTV-1R would be leased to the Russian Satellite Communications Company, and was repositioned to its current location at 55.8° E in late 2012 as a stopgap supplement to the RSCC's aging Bonum 1 satellite due to delays of the RSCC's Express-AT1 satellite. Once Express-AT1 enters service, both Bonum 1 and DirecTV-1R are planned for deorbit.
Galaxy 3C is a geostationary communications satellite located at 95° W. It was launched on June 15, 2002, with a Sea Launch vehicle, and is currently active on the C and Ku bands, with 24 transponders for each. Owned by Intelsat, some of the satellite's users include DirecTV's Brazil and Latin America systems, the Racetrack TV Network DBS service, and HughesNet.
Spaceway 1 & Spaceway 2
The SPACEWAY satellites were originally designed for use by Hughes Electronics. The satellites were re-purposed for DirecTV after News Corporation purchased a controlling interest in Hughes.
DirecTV-10, DirecTV-11, and DirecTV-12
DirecTV satellites 10, 11, and 12 are Boeing model 702 satellites designed to deliver high definition television to the continental United States, Hawaii, and Alaska.
- Rocket Thrust Equation and Launch Vehicles
- "DIRECTV 2 (DBS 2)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- "DIRECTV 6 (TEMPO 2)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- DIRECTV 5 (TEMPO 1)
- Proton Launch Advisory: DIRECTV-5
- ILS Proton to Launch DIRECTV 10
- DIRECTV 10, 11 and 12
- DirecTV Press Release December 29, 2009 DIRECTV HD and Movie Choices to Get a Lift With Successful Satellite Launch - DIRECTV 12 Boosts Satellite Fleet's Capacity to More Than 200 HD Channels; Begins Operation First Half of Next Year
- Space Systems/Loral Selected to Provide High-Power Satellite to DIRECTV Space Systems/Loral Press Release June 11, 2010
- "Planned Satellite Launches 2014 | SatLaunch.net". August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "DirecTV Taps Arianespace for At Least Two Launches". September 13, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2012.[dead link]
- "Planned 2014 Launches | LyngSat". Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- "DirecTV 14 set for December 4 Launch". November 15, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Astrium contracted to build DIRECTV 15 communications satellite Astrium Press Release November 4, 2011
- DirecTV-6 details including move to junkyard orbit
- APPLICATION FOR AUTHORIZATION TO OPERATE DIRECTV 1R, A DIRECT BROADCAST SATELLITE - Federal Communications Commission
- Lyngsat page. Accessed February 19, 2006
- Corporate site Accessed February 19, 2006
- C-band North America Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams
- Ku-band North America Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams
- Ku-band North America & Puerto Rico Beam footprint(s) at SatBeams