Galbijjim

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Galbijjim
Korean braised beef short ribs-Galbijjim.jpg
Royal cuisine version of galbijjim
Korean name
Hangul 갈비찜
Hanja none
Revised Romanization galbi jjim
McCune–Reischauer kalbi tch'im

Galbijjim or kalbijjim (Korean pronunciation: [kalbitɕ͈im]) is a variety of jjim or Korean steamed dish made with galbi (갈비, short rib). Beef galbi is sometimes referred to as "gari" (가리), so the dish can be called "garijjim".[1] Galbijjim is generally made with beef or pork short ribs. In the latter case, it is called dweji galbijjim (돼지갈비찜). [2]

History[edit]

In traditional cuisine, galbijjim was traditionally eaten at Chuseok along with songpyeon, namul, taro soup, chestnut dumplings (밤단자), chicken jjim and autumn fruit.[3] As galbijjim is usually made from only the center part of ribs from a calf while the rib ends used to make soup stock, galbi was more expensive than other cuts of beef in South Korea, and has been regarded as a high-class dish.[1]

Preparation and serving[edit]

Ribs are cut to size and excess blood should be removed. Knife cuts are made in the meat till the bone to allow seasoning to seep in. Surplus fat is removed from the ribs, either by cutting or removing after parboiling. Soy sauce, sesame oil, scallions, minced garlic, pepper, ground sesame with salt (깨소금), ginger juice, and sugar are mixed together with the ribs and are simmered in a large pot on a mid-flame. The cooking is done slowly, occasionally stirring from time to time. When the meat is almost cooked additional seasoning is added with jujube, ginkgo nuts, carrots, and pine nuts and boiled once again. Chestnuts, shiitake, and seogi mushrooms are added near the end of the dish.[1] Galbijjim is usually served in a bowl rather than a plate and was traditionally served in a hap(합, bowl with cover).

Galbijjim by region[edit]

There is a galbijjim street in the district of Dongin-dong, Daegu, in South Korea. It is known as the original home of hot and spicy galbijjim (매운갈비찜), as a restaurant owner served the first plate of hot and spicy galbijjim as anju for makgeolli in 1972. The district still maintains its reputation as being the place to go for tasty galbijjim. [4]

Jong-galbijjim (종갈비찜) is a variety of pork galbijjim from the Gyeonggi-do region. Pork ribs are marinated in ginger juice, soy sauce, minced garlic, sesame oil, ground sesame with salt, and pepper. The dish is cooked on a high flame and the sauce is reduced accordingly.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Korean) Galbijjim at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ (Korean) Galbijjim at Doosan Encyclopedia
  3. ^ (Korean) Lee, Jiho (이지호), Discussions of Korean Cuisine (한국 음식론), Gwangmungak, Seoul, 2002. ISBN 89-7093-241-0
  4. ^ (Korean) Daegu's galbijjim street, Sports Seoul, 2004-05-27. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
  5. ^ (Korean) Jong-galbijjim at Doosan Encyclopedia

External links[edit]