Gale McArthur was an All-American basketball player at Oklahoma A&M University (now Oklahoma State).
McArthur, a 6'2 (1.88 m) guard from Mangum, Oklahoma, attended Oklahoma A&M and played basketball for Hall of Fame coach Henry Iba from 1948-51. During his time in Stillwater, McArthur played on two Final Four teams, playing in the NCAA championship game in 1949 (a 46-36 loss to Kentucky) as a sophomore and the national semifinals as a senior in 1951.
In that senior year of 1950–51, McArthur averaged 11.6 points per game and led the Aggies to a 29-6 record. The team won the Missouri Valley Conference for the second time in McArthur's career.
After graduation from Oklahoma A&M, McArthur was drafted by the Minneapolis Lakers in the 1951 NBA Draft. However, McArthur opted for dental school instead, ultimately starting his own practice in Ponca City, Oklahoma.