Galeazzo II Visconti
|Galeazzo II Visconti|
|Lord of Milan|
|Coat of arms|
|Spouse||Bianca of Savoy|
|Noble family||House of Visconti|
|Died||4 August 1378|
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He was the son of Stefano Visconti and Valentina Doria.
In 1343 he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
Two years later, he was exiled by his uncle Luchino. Galeazzo went to live in Savoy during his exile, where he grew fond of the House of Savoy. When Luchino died in 1349, his surviving uncle, archbishop Giovanni Visconti invited him to return and share in the leadership in Milan. His uncle also made him governor of Bologna.
On 28 September 1350 he married Bianca of Savoy, daughter of Aimone, Count of Savoy, further cementing the new alliance between Savoy and Milan. Six years later he fought alongside his brother Bernabò against the Este and the Gonzaga, with Pandolfo II Malatesta as commander of his troops. Winner at the Battle of Casorate, he was able to expand his territories. At the death of his brother Matteo II, Galeazzo obtained the western part of Lombardy, while Bernabò received the eastern one.
He was handsome and distinguished, the patron of Petrarch, the founder of the University of Pavia and a gifted diplomat. He married his daughter Violante to Lionel of Antwerp, son of Edward III of England, giving a dowry of 200,000 gold florins; and his son Gian Galeazzo to Isabelle, daughter of King John of France.
Galeazzo faced several rebellions during his reign. In 1362 his health worsened and he moved his court to Pavia, which he had reconquered two years earlier, and where he died in 1378.
He was infamous for instituting the quaresima, a particularly sadistic form of torture, aping ecclesiastical terminology, which preceded the execution on the wheel of state offenders and lasted forty days, alternating one day of the most atrocius torment and one of rest. Almost invariably the condemned died before being brought to the wheel.
- Cox 1967, p. 77.
- Cox 1967, p. 77-78.
- Morbio, Carlo: (Italian language), O.Manini, 1838, pp. 48-49 "Storie dei municipj italiani illustrate con documenti inediti"
- Cox, Eugene L. (1967). The Green Count of Savoy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. LCCN 67-11030.
- Biography (Italian)
Cardinal Giovanni Visconti, Archbishop of Milan
|Lord of Milan