Galeazzo Marescotti

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Galeazzo Marescotti (1627–1726) was an Italian cardinal.


  • He was born in Vignanello on 1 October 1627.
  • Son of Sforza Near Marescotti and Vittoria Ruspoli.
  • "Galeazzo primmegiò studies at the seminary. After earning his doctorate in utroque jure and being ordained priest, was chosen as an official of the Holy Apostoloca and at the age of only 23 years appointed prothonotary apostolic ".[1]
  • From 1661 to 1663 he was governor of Ascoli Piceno.
  • In 1663 he was appointed director of the Congregation of inquisitor Sancti Officii.
  • In 1665 he was promoted to commissioner of the Holy Office of Pope Alexander VII.
  • In 1668 he was appointed Titular Archbishop of Corinth by Pope Clement IX and was sent on a diplomatic mission to Vienna. He was appointed nuncio to Poland, where he went without having to Rome.
  • On 13 August 1670 he was appointed apostolic nuncio in Spain by Pope Clement X. After a short stay in Rome and Vignanello embarked from Civitavecchia to Spain. Remained as Apostolic Nuncio in Madrid from 1670 to 1675.
  • Pope Clement X elevated him to the rank of cardinal in the consistory of 27 May 1675.
  • With the appointment of Cardinal held the title of San Bernardo alle Terme.
  • From 1676 to 1679 he was papal governor in Ferrara.
  • In 1679 he was appointed Bishop of Tivoli. In the church of Tivoli he built at his own expense a walnut choir of rare workmanship for canons, adorned the chapel in the cathedral of San Lorenzo inlaid with colored marble and other ornaments. He reformed the clergy with a new synod. Donated to the cathedral the sum of 500 scudi, with the obligation of an anniversary for the repose of his soul and erected several chapels. In 1684 resigned the bishopric in the hands of Innocent XI . The city was always in the heart, in fact in 1705 he founded the city, at its expense, a monastery for nuns of St. Elizabeth, which finally gave in 1721 the most beautiful and precious furnishings of his private chapel.[2]
  • In 1681 received the title of Saints Quirico and Giuditta.
  • In 1700 received the title of Santa Prassede.
  • In 1708 he received the title of San Lorenzo in Lucina.
  • He died on 3 July 1726 at the age of 98 years.