|• Total||1.45 sq mi (3.76 km2)|
|• Land||1.41 sq mi (3.65 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||791 ft (241 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,029|
|• Density||1,424.8/sq mi (550.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0626603|
Galesburg is located along the north side of the Kalamazoo River in Comstock Charter Township with a portion of the city's east side extending into Charleston Township. The city is situated on M-96 and is just north of I-94 (with exits due south of the city's west side and about one mile (1.6 km) to the east). Kalamazoo is about ten miles (16 km) to the west and Battle Creek is about ten miles (16 km) to the east.
Galesburg was established in 1835 originally with the name Morton. It was platted in 1837 when it was given its current name and incorporated as a village in 1861 and as a city in 1931.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,009 people, 766 households, and 497 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,424.8 inhabitants per square mile (550.1 /km2). There were 837 housing units at an average density of 593.6 per square mile (229.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 766 households of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.1% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,988 people, 765 households, and 491 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,429.8 per square mile (552.2/km²). There were 811 housing units at an average density of 583.3 per square mile (225.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.38% White, 0.96% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.
There were 765 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,663, and the median income for a family was $44,038. Males had a median income of $35,167 versus $24,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,785. About 11.0% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
- William Rufus Shafter, United States military officer
In 1951, members of the Galesburg community and those of neighboring Augusta joined together to form a public school district. Galesburg-Augusta Community Schools currently consist of a primary school and a high school in Galesburg, and a Middle School in Augusta.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Walter Romig, Michigan Place names, p. 216
- "Galesburg-Augusta Community Schools". g-aschools.org. 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2013.