Galilee earthquake of 363

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Galilee earthquake of 363
Date May 18 & 19, 363[1]
Epicenter Galilee
Areas affected Syria-Palaestina province of Byzantine Empire
Max. intensity VII EMS-92[2]

The Galilee earthquake of 363 was a pair of severe earthquakes that shook the Galilee and nearby regions on May 18 and 19.[3] The maximum perceived intensity for the events was estimated to be VII (Very strong) on the Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik scale. The earthquakes occurred on the portion of the Dead Sea Transform (DST) fault system between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba.


Tzippori, north-northwest of Nazareth, was severely damaged. Nabratein and the Nabratein synagogue (northeast of Safed) were destroyed.[4] The earthquake may have been responsible for the failure of the plan to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem with the permission of the Emperor Julian.[5] Julian's support of Jews, coming after the hostility of many earlier Emperors, meant that Jews called him Julian the Hellene.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ferry, Matthieu; Meghraoui, Mustapha; Abou Karaki, Najib; Al-Taj, Masdouq; Khalil, Lutfi (2011). "Episodic behavior of the Jordan Valley section of the Dead Sea fault inferred from a 14-ka-long integrated catalog of large earthquakes". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 101 (1): 48. doi:10.1785/0120100097. 
  2. ^ Sbeinati, Mohamed Reda; Darawcheh, Ryad; Mouty, Mikhail (June 2005), "The historical earthquakes of Syria – an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. to 1900 A.D." (PDF), Annals of Geophysics (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia) 48 (3): 407 
  3. ^ Safrai, Zeev (1998). Missing Century: Palestine in the Fifth Century: Growth and Decline. Peeters Publishers. pp. 86–7. ISBN 978-9068319859. 
  4. ^ Meyers, Eric M.; Strange, James F.; Meyers, Carol L. (Spring 1982). "Second Preliminary Report on the 1981 Excavations at en-Nabratein, Israel". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (American Schools of Oriental Research) (246): 35–54. 
  5. ^ "Jewish History Sourcebook: Julian and the Jews 361-363 CE". Fordham University. 
  6. ^ Falk, Avner (1996). A Psychoanalytic History of the Jews. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-8386-3660-2. 

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