|— Gymnast —|
Galima Shugurova in 1973
|Alternative name(s)||Galina Shugurova|
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
8 November 1953 |
Omsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Head coach(es)||Maria Lisitzian|
Galima Akhmetkareevna Shugurova (Russian: Галима Ахметкареевна Шугурова; Tatar: Ğalima Əxmətgərəy qızı Şөgurova, Галима Әхмәтгәрәй кызы Шөгурова; born 8 November 1953) is a retired Soviet rhythmic gymnast. She is the 1973 World All-around champion and two time (1969, 1977) World All-around silver medalist. She is the first All-around winner of the European Championships.
Shugurova, an ethnic Tatar was born in the city of Omsk, in Western Siberia. Her introduction to the sport took place when she was eight years old though she did not intend to pursue rhythmic gymnastics because she was more attracted to figure skating and choreography classes.
She is considered[by whom?] as one of the great gymnasts that revolutionized the sport of rhythmic gymnastics in the Soviet Union. Shugurova was the third Soviet Rhythmic gymnast to become world all-around champion after Ludmila Savinkova (1963) and Elena Karpuchina (1967) and the first ever European all-around champion in 1978. She first appeared on the world stage in Varna, Bulgaria in 1969 World Championships at 14 years of age, by the end of her debut she had two golds – rope and ball.
At the age of 15 she first took part in the USSR championships and emerged second in the all-around. The following year came another award—a bronze medal in the USSR Cup competition and success in international competitions in the former Yugoslavia, where the journalists voted her the "most engaging" gymnast.
Four years later she had enormous charisma and an excellent standard of gymnastics. In Rotterdam, Netherlands in 1973 she shared the world crown in the all-around with Bulgarian Maria Gigova, she also won the gold medal in ribbon, ball and clubs. Both of their ribbon routines at this Championship were to the same music – a piece from Bizet's ballet "Carmen".
A daughter of Soviet worker parents, Shugurova studied as a historian at the Omsk Pedagogical Institute.
Shugurova help created a new rhythmic gymnastics element called the "Shugurova" which consists of tipping or spinning a rolling hoop with the feet during a leap.
- The youngest gymnast to win a gold medal in World Championships at 14 years of age ( rope and ball ) at the 1969 World Championships, that record cannot be undone as the new age rule for senior gymnasts must turn at least 15 years of age.
- First ever winner of the European Championships in 1978.