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Galinsogea redirects here; for Galinsogea Kunth see Tridax.
Galinsoga quadriradiata.jpg
Galinsoga quadriradiata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Neurolaeneae[1]
Genus: Galinsoga
Ruiz & Pav.
Type species
Galinsoga parviflora[2][3]

Galinsoga is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae.[3][4][5] It is native to North and South America and the West Indies, and naturalized in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia.[6][7]

Galinsoga parviflora was brought from Peru to Kew Gardens in 1796, and later escaped to the wild in Britain. In Britain its name Galinsoga is sometimes popularly rendered as "gallant soldiers", and then sometimes altered to "soldiers of the Queen". In the United States it is called "hairy galinsoga".

Galinsoga quadriradiata (synonym G. ciliata) is also called "shaggy soldiers". It is very similar to Galinsoga parviflora but less hairy.

The name Galinsoga was dedicated to Ignacio Mariano Martinez de Galinsoga, who founded the Spanish Real Academia Nacional de Medicina and was director of the Jardin botanique de Madrid.[8]



  1. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Roth, Catal. Bot. 3: 78-79 (1806)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Galinsoga Ruiz & Pav.
  4. ^ Ruiz López, Hipólito & Pavón, José Antonio. 1794. Florae Peruvianae, et Chilensis Prodromus 110, plate 24
  5. ^ Ruiz López, Hipólito & Pavón, José Antonio. 1798. Systema vegetabilium florae Peruvianae et Chilensis :characteres prodromi genericos differentias 197-199 in Latin
  6. ^ Flora of North America, Quickweed , Galinsoga Ruiz & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 110, plate 24. 1794.
  7. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 20-21 Page 864 牛膝菊属 niu xi ju shu Galinsoga Ruiz & Pavon, Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 110. 1794.
  8. ^ (Spanish) Martinez de Galinsoga, Genealoga Familia Pérez Martinez