Galion, Ohio

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Galion, Ohio
City
Location of Galion, Ohio
Location of Galion, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°43′59″N 82°47′19″W / 40.73306°N 82.78861°W / 40.73306; -82.78861Coordinates: 40°43′59″N 82°47′19″W / 40.73306°N 82.78861°W / 40.73306; -82.78861
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Crawford, Morrow, Richland[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor Council
 • Mayor Thomas O'leary
Area[2]
 • Total 7.63 sq mi (19.76 km2)
 • Land 7.61 sq mi (19.71 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation[3] 1,171 ft (357 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 10,512
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 10,276
 • Density 1,381.3/sq mi (533.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44833
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-29162[6]
GNIS feature ID 1064699[3]
Website http://www.ci.galion.oh.us/

Galion is a city in Crawford, Morrow, and Richland counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 10,512 at the 2010 census. Galion is the second-largest city in Crawford County after Bucyrus.

The Crawford County portion of Galion is part of the Bucyrus Micropolitan Statistical Area. The small portion of the city that is located in Richland County is part of the Mansfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the portion extending into Morrow County is considered part of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The second Galion High School building as it appeared in 2007. It was replaced with a new school in 2007–2008 school year, and the old building has been demolished.

Settlers arrived in the area as early as 1817. The location was at the crossroads of a north-south road from Columbus to Portland (now known as Sandusky), and the east-west route that later became (part of) the Lincoln Highway and subsequently the Harding Highway.

The name Galion was suggested in 1824 by a postmaster as a unique name when the city first obtained a post office, because the name that was originally proposed would have duplicated the names of other requested Ohio post offices. It is not known for certain whether the name was intended to have any particular meaning otherwise, although several possible etymologies have been posited. The first plat of the settlement, recorded in Richland County, actually gave the community's name as "Greensburg."

A date often given for the founding of the city is 1831.

Galion was the birthplace of Orville J. Nave in 1841. Nave was a chaplain in the United States Army and the editor of Nave's Topical Bible, a widely used reference work first published in 1896.

Galion was also home to William Montgomery Brown, a bishop of the Episcopal Church who was tried by the church and convicted of heresy. The first northerner elected as a bishop in a former Confederate state after the Civil War, Brown was, according to his obituary, "the first Bishop of his communion to be tried for heresy since the Reformation, and the first of any creed in America to be disposed for heretical teachings." His house, Brownella Cottage, is owned and operated by the Galion Historical Society, and the Galion History Museum is located in the carriage house on the Brownella grounds.

Geography[edit]

Galion is located in the southeastern corner of Crawford County at 40°43′59″N 82°47′19″W / 40.73306°N 82.78861°W / 40.73306; -82.78861 (40.733164, -82.788586).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.63 square miles (19.76 km2), of which, 7.61 square miles (19.71 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[2]

The most important river in Galion is the Olentangy, which winds southward toward Columbus and eventually empties into the Scioto River. In Galion, the Olentangy is not a very large river, though another creek joins it near Heise Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,966
1870 3,523 79.2%
1880 5,635 59.9%
1890 6,326 12.3%
1900 7,282 15.1%
1910 7,214 −0.9%
1920 7,374 2.2%
1930 7,674 4.1%
1940 8,685 13.2%
1950 9,952 14.6%
1960 12,650 27.1%
1970 13,123 3.7%
1980 12,424 −5.3%
1990 11,859 −4.5%
2000 11,341 −4.4%
2010 10,512 −7.3%
Est. 2012 10,276 −2.2%
Sources:[8][9][6][10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 10,512 people, 4,484 households, and 2,797 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,381.3 inhabitants per square mile (533.3 /km2). There were 5,192 housing units at an average density of 682.3 per square mile (263.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 4,484 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 11,341 people, 4,791 households, and 3,090 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,286.5 people per square mile (882.8/km²). There were 5,150 housing units at an average density of 1,038.3 per square mile (400.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.28% White, 0.22% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.

There were 4,791 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

Galion Public Library

In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,513, and the median income for a family was $38,554. Males had a median income of $32,517 versus $19,792 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,113. About 11.9% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Galion has a Mayor-Council government: it is governed by an elected city council and mayor

Education[edit]

The Galion City School District encompasses the entire city of Galion, graduating about 150 students annually. There are a handful of neighborhoods outside of Galion that are also included in the school district, including Blooming Grove, birthplace of Warren G. Harding.

Media[edit]

Galion and neighboring communities are served by a semi-weekly newspaper, the Galion Inquirer.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

"Big Four" train depot

The Erie Railroad also ran through Galion and established large rail yards here, making the city an important rail center.

In April, 1851 the Cleveland Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad, later known as the "Big Four" and eventually the New York Central, began operating regular service between Columbus and Cleveland, stopping at Galion along the way. Prior to the end of the 19th century, Galion became a division headquarters for the line.

Galion boasted two large railroad depots, the Big Four Depot on Washington Street, and the Erie Depot on South Market Street, which was privately purchased and moved to the west side of Crestline, Ohio and is used as the main office of an auto wrecking yard. With the move of the Erie yards to Marion in the 1910s, the railroads declined, although the city remained a passenger rail center into the 1960s. The Big Four Depot was abandoned; however, it has since been acquired by the City of Galion and is undergoing a slow but thorough restoration.

From 1915 to 1923, Galion was on the original route of the Lincoln Highway, America's first coast-to-coast route. In later years, however, the northern route was improved and became US 30 North, although until approximately 1970 the route through Galion was designated as US 30 South. The new, four-lane US 30 opened in 2005, and passes just north of town, giving the community excellent transportation access.

State routes in Galion include 309, which connects Marion to the southwest with Ontario to the east; 598, which originates in Galion and stretches northward; 19, which heads westward toward the county seat and also south toward Williamsport; 61, which goes south towards Morrow and Delaware Counties and north to Lake Erie, and 97, which goes east through Lexington.

Industry[edit]

Galion road grader
PECO II Offices in 2007

The Galion brand of heavy equipment (such as road graders, road rollers, and earthmovers) was manufactured in Galion Iron Works, later purchased by Dresser Industries and then by Komatsu. As of 2000, the plant in Galion operated with a reduced work force, and products manufactured there are no longer branded with the Galion name.

Galion was once home to North Electric Company, a prime supplier of telephone switching systems for government and international markets. It was also producer of the Ericofon, the first ever one-piece telephone designed by Ralph Lysell and Hugo Blomberg. Founded in 1884 by Charles N. North, the company became part of Ericsson in 1951. It was purchased by ITT in the mid-1970s and operated as ITT PowerSystems until the late 1980s, when it was sold to a private consortium and renamed PECO II (the name is derived from North Electric Company's purchase of Power Equipment Company (PECO) in 1960). Peco II purchased the telecommunications product line and associated assets from ITT in 1988. In 2010, PECO II was acquired by Lineage Power of Plano, Texas.

Perfection Cobey was a manufacturer of dump truck bodies and other truck components.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Ohio 2000-2008" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  • Galion Historical Society. The Historian: A Quarterly Newsletter and Collectible Journal, Vol. 7 Issue #4, June 2006, special 175th celebration edition.

External links[edit]